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Relin Guard 2% Cream Tips

10 Tips To Safe Guard Your Skin Against Sun Damage!

Dr.Rajeshwari K.A Bhat 96% (251ratings)
DNB, MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
10 Tips To Safe Guard Your Skin Against Sun Damage!

The harsh sun during summer causes several problems apart from just sunburn. Prolonged exposure to the sun may lead to several skin conditions like brown spots, red and scaly spots, wrinkling, drying and skin cancer. It is important for you to prevent your skin from such harmful effects of the sun.

Here are 10 tips you must follow in order to safeguard your skin against sun damage:

  1. Wear a sunscreen: You must apply a thick layer of sunscreen lotion on your skin before going out in the harsh sun, as a thin coating will reduce the effectiveness.
  2. Cover yourself up: It is important for you to cover up properly before going out in the sun. Clothing of dark and tightly woven materials absorb UV rays more than cotton fabrics of light shades. Hence, you should avoid dark clothes and wear light ones. When the sun is very harsh, a well-brimmed hat is also recommended for protection of your head.
  3. Stay indoors: You should avoid the sun during its peak and most intense hours, specifically between 10 in the morning to 4 in the evening. Try to stay indoors during these hours and use an umbrella, if you cannot avoid going out.
  4. Wear sunglasses: Sunglasses are a must before going out on an intensely sunny day. Sun damage to the eyes can result in conditions like cataract and pterygium. Wear sunglasses with 99% to 100% UVB and UVA protection for keeping your eyes safe.
  5. Avoid reflective surfaces: Try to be careful near water, sand or snow, which are reflective surfaces. They reflect harmful rays of the sun, thereby increasing the chance of sunburn.
  6. Avoid sunbathing: During harsh sun conditions, you should avoid sunbathing. Fair-skinned people should keep away from sunbathing even more. When you observe that your shadow is shorter than you, you must find a shade.
  7. Do not get fooled by the weather: Do not think that a cloudy sky reduces the chances of sun damage. In spite of a thick cloud cover, UV rays can penetrate your skin, thereby, causing substantial harm.
  8. Photosensitivity: Several medicines and drugs make the skin extra sensitive to the sun, increasing the risk of sunburn. Some herbal medicines are responsible as well. Keep away from these drugs.
  9. Avoid tanning beds: UVA rays present in tanning beds can penetrate your skin quite deep. In fact, regular exposure to UVA rays leads to skin drying and causes wrinkles.
  10. Consume antioxidants:  Antioxidant products like flaxseeds, green tea etc provide protection from the sun’s rays. You should increase the consumption of vegetables, fruits and green tea recipes for skincare during summer. Green tea usage is also necessary to prevent premature ageing, wrinkles and acne breakouts.

The sun’s rays cause more damage to the skin than you can think of. By following these preventive measures, you will be able to spend time in the sun without getting affected.
Keep the above-mentioned tips in mind and prevent your skin from the harsh sun. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

2686 people found this helpful

Know How Can You Treat Tinea Versicolour!

M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery)
Dermatologist, Pune
Know How Can You Treat Tinea Versicolour!

If different areas of your skin are appearing to be of a different colour, then you might be suffering from pityriasis versicolour or tinea versicolour. This is a fungal skin infection which is caused by a yeast which dwells on the skin. The skin disease appears as a rash when the yeast grows out of control. The patches which develop may be pink, white, red or brown in colour and are usually lighter or darker than the surrounding skin.



Causes
The infection can take place because of the following reasons:

  • If your skin is oily
  • If you live in a hot climate
  • If you sweat excessively
  • If your immune system is weak

This condition is capable of affecting people of any skin colour, although it is more common in teens. Tinea versicolour is not contagious as the yeast grows on the skin naturally.

Diagnosis
Tinea versicolour is diagnosed by a doctor based on the rash and how it looks like. Ultraviolet (UV) light is sometimes used for diagnosis. This makes the affected areas of the skin appear fluorescent yellow-green, if they caused due to tinea vesicolour. A skin sample is also taken by scraping the skin and scales from the affected area. This is observed under a microscope. In case of children, the skin cells are lifted off by attaching a clear tape to the affected region and then removing it. The sample is then studied under a microscope for proper diagnosis.

Treatment
The treatment of tinea versicolour is carried out by using lotions, creams and shampoos. Certain medicines are also used for treatment. The mode of treatment depends on the location, size and thickness of the condition. Here are the following treatment options for tinea versicolour:

  • Topical antifungal products: These products are applied to the affected skin surface directly. They may be used in the form of lotions, creams, foams, soaps and shampoos. They help in preventing the growth of yeast. You can use over-the-counter (OTC) topical products which consist of ingredients such as selenium sulfide, zinc, miconazole, terbinafine and clotrimazole.
  • Antifungal pills: These medicines are used in cases of serious tinea versicolour. They are also used when the condition is recurring in nature. In some cases, they provide a quick and simple solution for treating the infection.

The treatment of tinea versicolour helps in eliminating the fungal infection. It might take several months to resolve the discolouration of the skin. It is recommended for you to consult a doctor when you observe symptoms of this condition. You should always take the prescribed medicines after visiting a doctor.

7129 people found this helpful

Fungal Infection Of Skin - Know Its Treatment!

Dr.Malini Patil 91% (1227ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Thane
Fungal Infection Of Skin - Know Its Treatment!

Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Fungi that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.

Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-

• Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tinea pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.

Symptoms of athlete’s foot –

  1. Infected area becomes soft and layers of skin begin to peel off
  2. Redness, blisters, and cracking of skin

Treatment includes applying topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.

• Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.

Symptoms of Ringworm –

  1. Red itchy patches on the skin which develop into the raised ring-like bumps
  2. Formation of scales on the patches

Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.

• Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.

Symptoms of Jock’s itch –

  1. Itchy red circular rashes over the body and burning
  2. Chafing and peeling of the infected area

Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor to know the cause and get appropriate treatment for the same. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection. Do not use over the counter creams for fungal infection as they might contain steroid and cause fungal resistance.

2425 people found this helpful

Tinea Corporis - Everything About It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Delhi
Tinea Corporis - Everything About It!

When skin is infected by a fungus, the resultant infection is called tinea corporis (ringworm). It is most common in athletes and children. The infection may appear on the scalp, beards, groin, in between the toes and other places.

Causes:

Tinea corporis can be caused by:

  1. Skin contact
  2. It is contagious, so if you use towels, bed linens and clothes of an infected person, you will get infected too.
  3. Touching a pet infected by tinea corporis.

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. The rash starts as a scant area of red, bumpy pimples and spots. Then the rash forms a ring, with raised, red borders and a clear middle. The border might look scaly.
  2. The rash may show up on face, legs, arms or other body areas which are exposed.
  3. The area feels itchy. It might also be flaky and dry. You might even experience hair loss in the infected area.

Diagnosis:

The skin in the area will be gently scraped off and the sample will be collected. Then, the sample will be viewed under a microscope. That will help discerning, which type of fungus is causing the infection.

Treatment:

The following treatment regime must be followed:

  1. The skin must be kept dry and clean.
  2. Fungal creams are best. Creams that contain miconazoleketoconazoleclotrimazole or oxiconazole are excellent for fungal infections.
  3. Only apply the cream on clean skin. You can use it twice in a day. Bandagingthe infected area is not recommended.
  4. To prevent the infection from spreading, wash your towels in warm water and use clean towels every time you bathe. Also, clean the bathroom and wear freshly washed clothes.
  5. If pets are infected, treat them as well.

The infection usually goes away under 4 weeks. The infection may branch out to the nails, groin, scalp and feet. Self-care is effective, but if symptoms persist, then do consult a specialist. Ringworms have certain complications, such as scratching the skin too much causes skin infections and other skin disorders, which may need further treatment.

3975 people found this helpful

Types & Treatment For Fungal Skin Infection!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD- Dermatology, Venerology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Noida
Types & Treatment For Fungal Skin Infection!

Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.

Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-

• Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tenia pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.

Symptoms of athlete’s foot –

  1. Infected area becomes soft and layers of skin begin to peel off.
  2. Redness, blisters, and cracking of the skin.

Treatment includes applying topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.

• Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.

Symptoms of Ringworm –

  1. Red itchy patches on the skin which develop into raised ring-like bumps
  2. Formation of scales on the patches

Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.

• Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.

Symptoms of Jock’s itch –

  1. Itchy red circular rashes over the body and burning
  2. Chafing and peeling of the infected area

Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor at the first signs of infection. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection.

1954 people found this helpful

7 Causes Of Jock Itch!

Dr.Ranjan Upadhyay 89% (184ratings)
DNB, MBBS, DDVL
Dermatologist, Delhi
7 Causes Of Jock Itch!

Jock itch can be defined as a fungal infection affecting the skin, especially around the inner thighs, genitals, buttocks or the groin region. Also called ‘tinea cruris’, this condition triggers irritation that results from the ring-shaped red rashes that primarily affect the warm and moist regions of one’s body. This condition majorly affects people who sweat excessively, such as athletes or even people who are over-weight. Although it is often bothersome and uncomfortable, jock itch doesn’t bring about severe complications for the affected individual. Jock itch can easily be cured by keeping the groin region dry and applying topical anti-fungal medications.

Symptoms:

The main symptoms of Jym itch include itchy and painful rashes in the buttock, inner thigh or the groin region. The rash is usually tan, red or brown in color, slightly scaly and often formed at the edges.

Causes:

  1. Putting on damp, wet or unlaundered clothing, such as athletic supporter and very tight underwear or wearing them frequently.

  2. Sharing towels that were used by a person suffering from the same condition.

  3. Taking showers irregularly, especially after excessive sweating or exercising.

  4. Living in hot and humid conditions.

  5. Obesity.

  6. Wearing tight clothing.

  7. Immune system disorders.

Treatment:

  1. Anti-fungal creams or lotions can help treat ringworm of the groin. Few examples are Miconazole, Econazole, Clotrimazole and Ketoconazole. These medications should be applied twice a day for about two to four weeks.

  2. In case the eruptions start to ooze fluids or pus, antibiotics may be administered by the doctor.

General Measures:

Measures to prevent recurrence of tinea cruris include weight reduction (if obese), wearing less occlusive clothing, drying thoroughly after bathing, using topical antifungal powders, laundering contaminated clothing, and treating concomitant fungal infection of nail of feet, if present.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3570 people found this helpful

What Can Lead To Inflammation of The Vagina?

Dr.Shailee Agrawal 89% (276ratings)
MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Sirohi
What Can Lead To Inflammation of The Vagina?

Vaginitis is the inflammation of one’s vagina accompanied by pain during intercourse, mild vaginal bleeding, painful urination, vaginal itching or a considerable change in the amount, odor and color of the vaginal discharge.

Causes:
1. A certain level of bacteria is normally found in one’s vagina (lactobacilli). Now if this count is outnumbered by the other bacteria (anaerobes), the balance in the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to bacterial vaginosis. Such kind of vaginitis usually stems from sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners.
2. Yeast infections occur due to an overgrowth of fungal organisms in one’s vagina, especially Candida Albicans.
3. Trichomoniasis caused by the one celled microscopic parasite ‘Trichomonas Vaginalis’ generally spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The condition also makes one vulnerable to various sexually transmitted infections.
4. Spermicidal products, scented detergents, perfumed soaps, douches, vaginal sprays or foreign objects such as tampons that were not taken out or tissue paper might trigger allergic reactions or irritation in the vaginal tissues.

5. Surgical removal of the ovaries or reduced estrogen count after menopause might cause thinning of the vaginal lining, thereby resulting in vaginal burning, dryness or irritation.


Treatments:
1. For Bacterial vaginosis, your doctor might advise the application of clindamycin cream or metronidazole gel as well as metronidazole tablets which are to be taken orally.
2. Yeast infections might be treated with an anti-fungal suppository or cream, for instance, tioconazole, butoconazole, clotrimazole or miconazole. Oral medication, such as fluconazole is also administered to treat the same.
3. Metronidazole or tinidazole tablets are prescribed for Trichomoniasis.
4. Estrogen in the form of rings, tablets or vaginal creams is effective in treating low estrogen level after menopause.
5. For non-infectious vaginitis primarily caused by objects, such as tampons, sanitary napkins, laundry detergent or new soap, it is essential to pinpoint the source of the irritation and avoid them. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3936 people found this helpful

7 Causes Of Jock Itch

Dr.Nitin Jain 88% (282ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
7 Causes Of Jock Itch

Jock itch can be defined as a fungal infection affecting the skin, especially around the inner thighs, genitals, buttocks or the groin region. Also called ‘tinea cruris’, this condition triggers irritation that results from the ring-shaped red rashes that primarily affect the warm and moist regions of one’s body. This condition majorly affects people who sweat excessively, such as athletes or even people who are over-weight. Although it is often bothersome and uncomfortable, jock itch doesn’t bring about severe complications for the affected individual. Jock itch can easily be cured by keeping the groin region dry and applying topical anti-fungal medications.

Symptoms:

The main symptoms of Jym itch include itchy and painful rashes in the buttock, inner thigh or the groin region. The rash is usually tan, red or brown in color, slightly scaly and often formed at the edges.

Causes:

  1. Putting on damp, wet or unlaundered clothing, such as athletic supporter and very tight underwear or wearing them frequently.

  2. Sharing towels that were used by a person suffering from the same condition.

  3. Taking showers irregularly, especially after excessive sweating or exercising.

  4. Living in hot and humid conditions.

  5. Obesity.

  6. Wearing tight clothing.

  7. Immune system disorders.

Treatment:

  1. Anti-fungal creams or lotions can help treat ringworm of the groin. Few examples are Miconazole, Econazole, Clotrimazole and Ketoconazole. These medications should be applied twice a day for about two to four weeks.

  2. In case the eruptions start to ooze fluids or pus, antibiotics may be administered by the doctor.

General Measures:

Measures to prevent recurrence of tinea cruris include weight reduction (if obese), wearing less occlusive clothing, drying thoroughly after bathing, using topical antifungal powders, laundering contaminated clothing, and treating concomitant fungal infection of nail of feet, if present.

8214 people found this helpful

Vaginitis - Can It Cause Vaginal Bleeding?

Dr.Uma 93% (1611ratings)
MS- Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginitis - Can It Cause Vaginal Bleeding?

Vaginitis is the inflammation of one’s vagina accompanied by pain during intercourse, mild vaginal bleeding, painful urination, vaginal itching or a considerable change in the amount, odor and color of the vaginal discharge.

Causes:
1. A certain level of bacteria is normally found in one’s vagina (lactobacilli). Now if this count is outnumbered by the other bacteria (anaerobes), the balance in the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to bacterial vaginosis. Such kind of vaginitis usually stems from sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners.
2. Yeast infections occur due to an overgrowth of fungal organisms in one’s vagina, especially Candida Albicans.
3. Trichomoniasis caused by the one celled microscopic parasite ‘Trichomonas Vaginalis’ generally spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The condition also makes one vulnerable to various sexually transmitted infections.
4. Spermicidal products, scented detergents, perfumed soaps, douches, vaginal sprays or foreign objects such as tampons that were not taken out or tissue paper might trigger allergic reactions or irritation in the vaginal tissues.
5. Surgical removal of the ovaries or reduced estrogen count after menopause might cause thinning of the vaginal lining, thereby resulting in vaginal burning, dryness or irritation.

 


Treatments:
1. For Bacterial vaginosis, your doctor might advise the application of clindamycin cream or metronidazole gel as well as metronidazole tablets which are to be taken orally.
2. Yeast infections might be treated with an anti-fungal suppository or cream, for instance, tioconazole, butoconazole, clotrimazole or miconazole. Oral medication, such as fluconazole is also administered to treat the same.
3. Metronidazole or tinidazole tablets are prescribed for Trichomoniasis.
4. Estrogen in the form of rings, tablets or vaginal creams is effective in treating low estrogen level after menopause.
5. For non-infectious vaginitis primarily caused by objects, such as tampons, sanitary napkins, laundry detergent or new soap, it is essential to pinpoint the source of the irritation and avoid them.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

 

2531 people found this helpful

Tinea Corporis - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

Tinea Corporis - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

When skin is infected by a fungus, the resultant infection is called tinea corporis (ringworm). It is most common in athletes and children. The infection may appear on the scalp, beards, groin, in between the toes and other places.

Causes:

Tinea corporis can be caused by:
1. Skin contact
2. It is contagious, so if you use towels, bed linens and clothes of an infected person, you will get infected too.
3. Touching a pet infected by tinea corporis.

Signs and Symptoms
1. The rash starts as a scant area of red, bumpy pimples and spots. Then the rash forms a ring, with raised, red borders and a clear middle. The border might look scaly.
2. The rash may show up on face, legs, arms or other body areas which are exposed.
3. The area feels itchy. It might also be flaky and dry. You might even experience hair loss in the infected area.

Diagnosis
The skin in the area will be gently scraped off and the sample will be collected. Then, the sample will be viewed under a microscope. That will help discerning, which type of fungus is causing the infection.

Treatment

The following treatment regime must be followed:

1. The skin must be kept dry and clean.
2. Fungal creams are best. Creams that contain miconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole or oxiconazole are excellent for fungal infections.
3. Only apply the cream on clean skin. You can use it twice in a day. Bandaging the infected area is not recommended.
4. To prevent the infection from spreading, wash your towels in warm water and use clean towels every time you bathe. Also, clean the bathroom and wear freshly washed clothes.
5. If pets are infected, treat them as well.

The infection usually goes away under 4 weeks. The infection may branch out to the nails, groin, scalp and feet. Self-care is effective, but if symptoms persist, then do consult a specialist. Ringworms have certain complications, such as scratching the skin too much causes skin infections and other skin disorders, which may need further treatment.

5724 people found this helpful