Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

RB FLEX 20MG/1ML INJECTION Tips

MPT
Physiotherapist, Mumbai
Make sure that you keep your posture straight when at the work place. Sit straight and close to the work station, keep your monitor at eye level and keyboard at an easily reachable place and sit with your legs flexed at 90-degree angle with feet resting comfortably.

BSc Home Science, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
To reduce stress eat more of Omega 3 essential (which can not be manufactured by the body hence we have to eat from outside) fatty acids foods like flex seeds, Wall nuts, uncooked mustard seeds, salmon fish of fish capsules. Your body will be able to manage your stress better.
2 people found this helpful

Dr.Sajeev Kumar 92% (39992ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Fatty Liver
It is also called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adults.
It is an ongoing silent epidemic in India.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to the presence of hepatic steatosis when there are no other causes for secondary hepatic fat accumulation such as heavy alcohol consumption.
NAFLD may progress to cirrhosis and is likely an important cause of cryptogenic cirrhosis
NAFLD is subdivided into nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
In NAFLD, hepatic steatosis is present without evidence of inflammation, whereas in NASH, hepatic steatosis is associated with hepatic inflammation that histologically is indistinguishable from alcoholic steatohepatitis
Risk factors for cirrhosis are, older age, diabetes, SGOT SGPT >2 times, BMI >28, higher visceral adiposity index, which takes into account waist circumference, BMI, triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein level, less coffee consumption, heavy alcohol intake
As little as two drinks per day in those who are overweight (and one drink per day in those who are obese) is associated in hepatic injury.
Liver cancer is associated with cirrhosis due to NAFLD.
Heart disease is the most common cause of death among patients with NAFLD.
Weight loss for patients who are overweight or obese is recommended.
Goal for many patients is to lose 0.5 to 1 kg/week (1 to 2 lb/week).
Vaccination for Hepatitis A and B, pneumococcal vaccination and standard immunizations (e.G, influenza, diphtheria, tetanus boosters) are recommended for the population in general.
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease should be managed.
Vitamin E at a dose of 400 IU/day may be suggested for those patients with advanced fibrosis on biopsy who do not have diabetes or coronary artery disease.
Avoid all alcohol consumption.
Heavy alcohol use is associated with disease progression among patients with NAFLD.
Thiazolidinediones can improve histologic parameters in patients with NASH, metformin does not.
UDCA has anti-inflammatory effects in the liver
Atorvastatin has protective effect on SGOT, SGPT levels in patients with NAFLD.
Pentoxifylline inhibits production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and may be effective in NASH.
Omega-3 fatty acids may benefit NAFLD or NASH.
If serum ferritin >1.5 times the upper limit of normal: Progressive liver disease:
If SGOT:SGPT > twice the upper limit of normal, then refer
11 people found this helpful

Want smart abs

FRHS, Ph.D Paed Neuro Rehabilitation, MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
For smart abs

The abdominal region is in some sense an indicator of smart appearance it is desirable to follow a flat soft abdomen also abdominal muscles

Method
1. Take a ball of appropriate size
2. Keep a flood blanket in front
3. Lie prone on the mat
4. Flex the knee and positions the ball below the feet
5. Flex the elbows raise the torsa and rest the forarm so the blanket
86 people found this helpful

Claudication - Signs You Are Suffering From It!

MCH DNB (CTVS), Advanced fellowship, MS
Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery, Delhi
Claudication - Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Optimal blood supply is needed for all body parts to function at their best possible levels. Diseases that affect the blood flow and blood supply cause problems, especially in the target organs. Claudication, which is cramping of the muscles of the legs and arms, especially during exercise, is one such problem.

It is not a disease per se but a symptom of an underlying disease, most common being a peripheral arterial disease. It does not occur constantly, but is intermittent, which worsens during exercise and is relieved with rest. Very rarely, conditions like deep vein thrombosis, spinal stenosis, peripheral neuropathy, and some other musculoskeletal disorders can also cause claudication.

Causes:

Peripheral artery disease is the result of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. With age, there is plaque accumulation along the arterial walls leading to narrowing of the artery. This reduces the vessel thickness and subsequently the amount of blood flowing to the target organs. This reduces oxygen supply to the organs, reducing their efficient functioning. In the instance of legs, especially during exercise, optimal blood flow is required for proper muscle contraction and relaxation. However, reduced blood flow will cause pain and cramping during exercise, manifesting as claudication. The damage to the artery could be a transient, one-off instance due to vasospasm (temporary narrowing); atherosclerosis (permanent narrowing); or due to complete blockage of an artery.

Symptoms:

Person with claudication would have extremities that are cool to the touch. In addition,

  • Pain when exercising which would be a dull, aching, or throbbing pain. The location and nature of the plaque will determine the severity and area of symptoms. Pain at rest gradually sets in as the disease progresses
  • In severe cases, there could be discoloration of the toes and fingers and sores can develop in the feet, toes, arms or fingers. There could also be a burning feeling in this area.
  • Poor healing of injuries (cuts, ulcers, etc.) in the arms and legs. These could develop gangrene and even require amputation.

Risk factors: As with any other circulatory disease, risk for peripheral artery disease include:

Treatment:

  • It can affect the quality of life by reducing ability to exercise and can even interfere with work. Regular medications and surgery are the two modes of treatment.
  • Cilostazol improves blood flow by dilating the arteries and therefore reduces pain.
  • Pentoxifylline reduces the blood viscosity and therefore allows for better free flow in the arteries.

In severe cases, revascularization may be used, but is usually managed with lifestyle changes, controlling risk factors, and the above medications. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3041 people found this helpful

PHYSIOTHERAPY and AGING

Dr.Deepa Verma 90% (4152ratings)
BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Mumbai
PHYSIOTHERAPY and AGING
PHYSIOTHERAPY and AGING.
Stay active as you get older. To prevent falls, challenge your equilibrium and balance. Use a physio ball, stand on one leg, or walk a line. Energize yourself after sitting for a long time - get up, stretch, flex your arms and legs. And keep active at a pace that is best for you by doing strength and cardiovascular exercises.
47 people found this helpful

Extreme Pain In The Hand - Can It Be A Sign Of Wrist Fracture?

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedic Doctor, Varanasi
Extreme Pain In The Hand - Can It Be A Sign Of Wrist Fracture?

The medical term used to describe a broken wrist is wrist fracture. The fracture might be in the 10 bones, which make up the wrist or in the radius. Some fractures can be serious while others may be tiny. The serious fractures make the bone unstable and these might require surgeries to cure. Open fracture is when the bone breaks and it breaks through the skin. This might cause an infection to the wounded area.


Causes
The most basic cause of a wrist fracture is injury. Any fall on your outstretched hand and you might have to nurse a fractured wrist. This type of fracture is common among sportsmen. If you are suffering from osteoporosis, then you have a high risk of getting a wrist fracture. Traumatic accidents may also cause severe wrist fractures.


Symptoms
The symptoms of a wrist fracture can be extremely painful. The pain escalates whenever you try to move your wrist or flex it, even if you are just flexing your fingers. Sometimes your hand or arm may even become extremely numb when you fracture the wrist. The muscles in the area become tender and swell up. It is almost impossible to move the wrist after it gets fractured. The fracture causes the wrist or rather the hand to appear deformed. The area around the fracture might even get bruise and a fractured wrist also affects the blood flow in the area. You might even injure your ligaments, tendons, muscles or nerves.


Diagnosis
To confirm and check the level of severity, you are generally asked to get an X-ray done. In order to get a more detailed look at the fracture, you might have to undergo CT or MRI scans as well. Usually to treat a fracture, you will have to wear a splint and move your hand as least as possible. But keep moving you're your fingers otherwise they might get stiff. Your doctor will inform you from when you will be able to move your wrist. Until then try to keep your movements to the minimal. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2336 people found this helpful

Sciatica - 4 Exercises To Treat It!

BPTh/BPT, Lyallpur Khalsa College, Jalandhar;Capri institute of manual therapy, Fellowship In Cardiac Rehabilitation, CAPRI, DELHI, Eploris
Physiotherapist, Delhi
Sciatica - 4 Exercises To Treat It!

The sciatic nerve is one of the largest nerves in the body. It goes from the lower back all the way down to the base of the leg. When there is a disorder associated with the sciatic nerve, it is known as Sciatica

Sciatica, however, does not necessarily need a surgery or a very elaborate procedure to fix the problem. Most commonly, it is treated simply by practicing a number of simple exercises. Here are some of the most common exercises prescribed to treat Sciatica:

  1. Reclining Pigeon Pose: There are three main forms of the pigeon pose. These are sitting, reclining and then forwarding. It is recommended that if you have very recently started your treatment for Sciatica, then certainly you should go for the reclining pose. In this pose, you are supposed to hold your left leg in the air at a right angle to your back. Then, hold your ankle against the knee. Finally, repeat this stretch with the right leg as well.
  2. Knee to Opposite Shoulder: In this stretch, the starting position is on your back side. You have to have your legs out and feet upwards. From this position, try to bring your right leg towards your left shoulder. Hold this for 30 seconds and then release and relax. Repeat this activity three times and repeat the whole procedure with your other leg. Only take your leg as far as it goes.
  3. Sitting Spinal Stretch: At the start of this exercise, sit on the ground with your legs going straight outwards and your feet flexed in the upward direction. Pull your left knee and put it on the outside of your right knee. Finally, place your right elbow on the left knee, so that your body turns to the left. Hold for 30 seconds and then relax. Repeat the procedure with the other knee.
  4. Standing Hamstring Stretch: Put your foot on an elevated surface such that it is above the floor, but not above hip level. Flex your toes forward such that your feet and legs are nearly in a straight line. Bend as far towards the foot as possible. However, do not stretch so far that you feel pain. Finally, repeat this procedure on the other side after release.
2860 people found this helpful

Sciatica - 4 Most Common Exercises for it!

MPTh/MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Guwahati
Sciatica - 4 Most Common Exercises for it!

The sciatic nerve is one of the largest nerves in the body. It goes from the lower back all the way down to the base of the leg. When there is a disorder associated with the sciatic nerve, it is known as Sciatica

Sciatica, however, does not necessarily need a surgery or a very elaborate procedure to fix the problem. Most commonly, it is treated simply by practicing a number of simple exercises. Here are some of the most common exercises prescribed to treat Sciatica:

  1. Reclining pigeon pose: There are three main forms of the pigeon pose. These are sitting, reclining and then forwarding. It is recommended that if you have very recently started your treatment for Sciatica, then certainly you should go for the reclining pose. In this pose, you are supposed to hold your left leg in the air at a right angle to your back. Then, hold your ankle against the knee. Finally, repeat this stretch with the right leg as well.
  2. Knee to opposite shoulder: In this stretch, the starting position is on your back side. You have to have your legs out and feet upwards. From this position, try to bring your right leg towards your left shoulder. Hold this for 30 seconds and then release and relax. Repeat this activity three times and repeat the whole procedure with your other leg. Only take your leg as far as it goes.
  3. Sitting spinal stretch: At the start of this exercise, sit on the ground with your legs going straight outwards and your feet flexed in the upward direction. Pull your left knee and put it on the outside of your right knee. Finally, place your right elbow on the left knee, so that your body turns to the left. Hold for 30 seconds and then relax. Repeat the procedure with the other knee.
  4. Standing hamstring stretch: Put your foot on an elevated surface such that it is above the floor, but not above hip level. Flex your toes forward such that your feet and legs are nearly in a straight line. Bend as far towards the foot as possible. However, do not stretch so far that you feel pain. Finally, repeat this procedure on the other side after release.
3289 people found this helpful

Sciatica - Exercises For It!

Dr.Gaurav Tyagi 91% (146ratings)
BPT, MPT- Ortho
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
Sciatica - Exercises For It!

The sciatic nerve is one of the largest nerves in the body. It goes from the lower back all the way down to the base of the leg. When there is a disorder associated with the sciatic nerve, it is known as Sciatica

Sciatica, however, does not necessarily need a surgery or a very elaborate procedure to fix the problem. Most commonly, it is treated simply by practicing a number of simple exercises. Here are some of the most common exercises prescribed to treat Sciatica:

  1. Reclining Pigeon Pose: There are three main forms of the pigeon pose. These are sitting, reclining and then forwarding. It is recommended that if you have very recently started your treatment for Sciatica, then certainly you should go for the reclining pose. In this pose, you are supposed to hold your left leg in the air at a right angle to your back. Then, hold your ankle against the knee. Finally, repeat this stretch with the right leg as well.
  2. Knee to Opposite Shoulder: In this stretch, the starting position is on your back side. You have to have your legs out and feet upwards. From this position, try to bring your right leg towards your left shoulder. Hold this for 30 seconds and then release and relax. Repeat this activity three times and repeat the whole procedure with your other leg. Only take your leg as far as it goes.
  3. Sitting Spinal Stretch: At the start of this exercise, sit on the ground with your legs going straight outwards and your feet flexed in the upward direction. Pull your left knee and put it on the outside of your right knee. Finally, place your right elbow on the left knee, so that your body turns to the left. Hold for 30 seconds and then relax. Repeat the procedure with the other knee.
  4. Standing Hamstring Stretch: Put your foot on an elevated surface such that it is above the floor, but not above hip level. Flex your toes forward such that your feet and legs are nearly in a straight line. Bend as far towards the foot as possible. However, do not stretch so far that you feel pain. Finally, repeat this procedure on the other side after release.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4783 people found this helpful