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Bipolar Disorder - Everything You Want To Know!

Bipolar Disorder - Everything You Want To Know!

Also known as manic-depressive illness, bipolar disorder is not a rare diagnosis. Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that is characterized by extreme shifts in mood with constant variation in energy and activity levels. With these abnormal fluctuations and shifts, the person suffering from bipolar disorder finds it difficult to finish their everyday chores and lead a normal everyday life. Fortunately, with the right treatment and proper care, patients can recover fully.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

  1. Genetics – A person with a blood relative who has bipolar disorder, has a higher risk of developing it
  2. Brain Chemical Imbalance – Neurotransmitters that carry signals to and from the brain to other parts of the body does not function correctly
  3. Hormonal Imbalance Certain hormonal problems can trigger the disorder
  4. Environmental Factors – Mental stress, abuse, traumatic events and other factors can elevate the risk

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

1. Signs of Manic Episodes

  • Feeling too happy for a prolonged time
  • Talking very fast with racy thoughts
  • Extremely restless and hasty
  • Being too overconfident in self
  • Gets easily distracted
  • Lack of sleep
  • Engaging in unsafe behavior like gambling with savings, spending too much or having impulsive sex

2. Signs of Depressive Episodes

  • Feeling too sad for a prolonged time
  • Withdrawal and losing interest in activities
  • Low Appetite
  • Lack of energy
  • Speaking very Slowly
  • Facing problems with making decisions, memory, and focus
  • Low self-esteem
  • Constant thinking of giving up life

Types of Bipolar Disorder

1. Bipolar 1
This is the classic form of manic-depressive disorder with clear and extreme shifts in mood. Patients can have manic or mixed episodes.

2. Bipolar 2
Symptoms are less severe and are called hypomanic episodes that can involve less severe manic episodes with depression episodes as well.

3. Cyclothymia
A milder form of bipolar disorder, the patient experiences bouts of mood disturbances which alternate between feelings of being happy and sad. The patient may feel stable but will have noticeable fluctuations in mood that are usually less severe.

Treatments
The prime aim of the treatment for bipolar disorder is to lessen the frequency of manic and depressive episodes, thereby enabling them to lead a normal life.

  1. Hospitalization - Patients suffering from bipolar disorder 1 often need hospitalization if there is a big risk that they may harm themselves or others
  2. Lithium Carbonate The commonly prescribed drug for this disorder, the patients are to follow the right dosage. Anticonvulsants and antipsychotics are also prescribed along if needed.
  3. PsychotherapyMinimize the triggers that occur before the onset of the manic or depressive episodes
  4. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – Family oriented therapy to develop interpersonal skills and prevent relapses.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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10 Signs That You Have A Healthy Sex Life!

10 Signs That You Have A Healthy Sex Life!

1. You have a positive body image - Dwelling on the size of your thighs or belly de focuses you from pleasurable sensations during sex. In turn, that can affect things like lubrication and the ability to have an orgasm. Exercise—regardless of weight loss—has been shown to boost self-esteem and body confidence.

2. You're not embarrassed to ask for what you want - "Good sex is all about finding your perfect recipe. While you can't expect your partner to read your mind, he or she should be open to learning about and responding to what you want. If you find it hard to express your sexual hopes, you may find emailing or texting your partner about your fantasies is easier than face-to-face declarations of desire.

3. Sometimes you schedule - Scheduling sex is a good idea. Plan your night around it. Get the kids dinner and put them to bed. Then do something to de-stress—like massaging each other or watching a movie together. You'll find it easier to get in the mood after relaxing.

4. Quality over quantity - Whether you're doing it a few times a week or once a month, focusing on a number isn't a great way to assess your sex life. Putting pressure on yourself to have more sex may turn it into another to-do item, which drives down satisfaction. On the other hand, the study authors say traveling to places or going on date nights—opening up natural opportunities to have sex more often—may make it the quality of your sex life more better.

5. You like sex - No matter how many times a week or month you get busy, whether you orgasm, the most important sign is that you enjoy sex. Do you feel closer to your partner afterwards? Are you in a better mood? Those are the questions that really have meaning.

6. You skip pity sex - It's when you have sex because your partner wants to—even though it's the last thing you want. mercy sex is acceptable on occasion, but a steady diet of it can tank your libido by training your brain to think of sex as a work. It's completely fine to turn down your partner in a nice way if you're not feeling like it. But if you do say no, try to be the one who initiates sex the next time to show your partner you desire him.

7. You know when to change things up - In the real world, it's hard to fake your way through sex. If you're not enjoying it, chances are your partner can tell, Most couples find they get stuck in a certain sexual routine, and they may feel less interested in sex if it feels like they're in a rut. Although it requires a little extra effort, switching rooms or outfits or positions are all simple ways to make sex feel fresh again. 

8. You're happy together - It sounds simple, but there's a strong link between sexual satisfaction (factors like having interest in sex, feeling good about how often it happens, and infrequent arguments about sex) and happiness in your relationship. Relationship satisfaction fuels attraction, carving the way for better sex. So if you're into your partner, your sex life is probably in good shape.

9. You've got a racy vocabulary - Whether you're sending a flirty text message or whispering something into your partner's ear, sexual lingo is linked to greater sexual satisfaction for both men and women, This is the little things you do to and for each other that keep you physically and romantically bonded.

10. You don't worry about the occasional Highs and lows in your sex life - It's  important to have realistic ideas about what a healthy sex life is. Namely, it won't always be passionate and intense, and the frequency will ebb and flow throughout your relationship. If you accept there's no right or wrong way to be sexual, and you and your partner are open with each other about when you're feeling it and when you aren't, that indicates a healthy sex life

Dr. Sharmila majumdar
MS sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PHD Cognitive Behavior Modification, fellowship from Mount Sinai School of Medicine in Treatment Resistant Depression

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