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Penalgon P 400Mg/325Mg Tablet Tips

Paracetamol - How It Works On Your Body?

Paracetamol - How It Works On Your Body?

Paracetamol is one of the most commonly consumed medicine to deal with minor pain, body ache, headache, fever etc. It can also be used for getting temporary relief from arthritis pain. This is readily available over the counter and can be obtained without a prescription. The dosage is available in the form of syrup, powder, solution, tablet, suspension, suppository etc.

Considerations to make before consuming paracetamol:
The risk of the medicine must be considered before consuming it. The health care professional should be reported for any allergy related problems. For a person facing allergy, one should carefully read the label before consuming it. Interaction of 2 paracetamol can prove to be fatal sometimes. The dosage, therefore, of these medicines should be consulted with the doctor. This being said, there are certain medicines which act best when they are consumed together. The outcome of the effect is based on the disease one is facing. The effectivity of this medicine can get influenced if the patient has a history of abusing alcohol, suffered from liver and kidney diseases in the past etc.

Proper use of paracetamol:
Paracetamol should be consumed with care. Prolonged consumption can damage the liver. The maximum dosage of this medicine should not exceed 3k milligrams in a day. This can be consumed before or after the consumption of food. Paracetamol in the form of syrup should be shaken well before use. There should be a minimum time span of 4-6 hours between two dosages of paracetamol. In the case of a missed dosage, the medicine should be taken as early as possible. It does not prove to be fatal in case a dosage is missed. Finally, it should be ensured that paracetamol is stored at room temperature and freezing is avoided.

Precautions:
It is of utmost importance to check the progress of the patient in case one is consuming paracetamol. During the process of consuming paracetamol, symptoms such as dark urine, stomach ache, nausea, weakness etc should be immediately reported to the stomach. For patients suffering from diabetes, any drastic change in the blood sugar level due to the consumption of paracetamol should be immediately reported to the doctor.

Side effects:
Certain rare side-effects of paracetamol include lower back pain, bruising, fever, cloudy urine, tarry stools, yellowish skin, bruising, skin rash, itching etc. Some common symptoms of overdosage of paracetamol include increased sweating, tenderness, swelling and pain in the lower abdomen area, vomiting and nausea, diarrhea, appetite loss, increased thrust etc. If any of these symptoms are faced during the consumption of paracetamol are reported, a healthcare professional should be immediately consulted to avoid any further complication. Frequent usage should also be avoided. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.

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Study Suggests Paracetamol Can Alter Fertility of Female Offspring!

Study Suggests Paracetamol Can Alter Fertility of Female Offspring!

As per a study conducted by the Copenhagen University Hospital, it was revealed that consuming paracetamol during pregnancy can be detrimental for your baby, as it can weaken the development of the reproductive system of female offspring. The research was published in Endocrine Connections journal.

Although, paracetamol is an over-the-counter treatment for pain relief that is commonly taken by pregnant women worldwide. The study was conducted on three individual rodents and the results indicated that the rodents, who were given paracetamol during pregnancy at doses equivalent to those that of a pregnant woman may take for pain relief, produced female offspring with fewer eggs.

Further, Dr. Kristensen said, "Although this may not be a severe impairment to fertility, it is still of real concern since data from three different labs all independently found that paracetamol may disrupt female reproductive development in this way, which indicates further investigation is needed to establish how this affects human fertility."
 

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Dengue

Dengue
More than 99% percent can be treated by rest and plenty of oral fluid and paracetamol for fever.

Do not take aspirin/disprine, ibubrufen, diaclofenac for fever as fever can be dengue and reduce platelet and cause bleeding. Paracetamol is safest for fever.
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We Recommend the consumption of counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and paracetamol to reduce the inflammation caused in tooth during routine Root Canal Treatment

We Recommend the consumption of counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and paracetamol to reduce the pain and inflammation caused in tooth during the routine Root anal Treatment

Knee Arthritis & High Tibial Osteotomy - An Overview!

Knee Arthritis & High Tibial Osteotomy - An Overview!

What is arthritis of the knee?

The knee acts as hinge joint and allows flexion (bending) and extension (straightening). The knee is formed by the tibiofemoral joints, where end of the femur (thigh bone) glides over the top of the tibia (shin bone) and the patellofemoral joint where the kneecap glides over the end part of the femur. The gliding surfaces of the knee are covered with articular cartilage which helps the joint to glide smoothly. Over time the articular cartilage can become damaged or 'worn away' and this is known as osteoarthritis.

What is medial compartment arthritis?

Most people with knee arthritis have predominantly pain in the inner aspect of the knee, which is due to medial compartment arthritis. Patients who are born with varus knees (bow legs) are more likely to get medial compartment osteoarthritis. This is because the weight of their body mainly passes through the medial compartment of the knee rather than spreading the load evenly between the whole gliding surface of the knee. 

How do you diagnose medial compartment arthritis?

ClinicaFeatures, examination findings and standing X-rays of the knee joint and the patello-femoral joint are needed to diagnose medial compartment arthritis. The X-ray will often show narrowing of the joint space in the medial compartment of the knee which suggest that a patient has medial compartment osteoarthritis. Long Leg standing X-ray of the whole of both of both legs from the hip joints to the ankle joints ( Fig 2), allows us to carefully examine the overall alignment of your legs. They help to calculate the weight bearing axis of your leg and find out where most of the force is passing through your knee joint. MRI would be done too, to assess degree of cartilage damage. It is imperative to know status of other structures in the knee like meniscus and ligaments.

Non-operative treatment

Some patients are advised for a type of knee brace known as a medial offloading brace to trial. To a certain extent this mimics the result of osteotomy surgery by pushing the leg into a more normal alignment and taking the pressure of the damaged medial compartment. This is usually only a temporary solution whilst waiting for surgery. Patients who are overweight often find their knee pain is significantly improved when they lose weight. Simple analgesia such as paracetamol together with etodolac can help with pain and sleep disturbance form the pain.

Who requires surgery?

People suffering from growing cartilage lesions resulting in pain and activity restriction with proved mechanical axis deviation as the cause, would benefit from surgery. Age and extent of cartilage wear determine the nature of surgery. Younger individuals with smaller lesions are good candidates for a joint preservation surgery in the form of a High Tibial Osteotomy. With advancing age and extent of disease, Arthroplasty would be a
more beneficial option.

2689 people found this helpful

Understanding In Detail About Knee Arthritis & High Tibial Osteotomy!

Understanding In Detail About Knee Arthritis & High Tibial Osteotomy!

What is arthritis of the knee?

The knee acts as hinge joint and allows flexion (bending) and extension (straightening). The knee is formed by the tibiofemoral joints, where end of the femur (thigh bone) glides over the top of the tibia (shin bone) and the patellofemoral joint where the kneecap glides over the end part of the femur. The gliding surfaces of the knee are covered with articular cartilage which helps the joint to glide smoothly. Over time the articular cartilage can become damaged or 'worn away' and this is known as osteoarthritis.

What is medial compartment arthritis?

Most people with knee arthritis have predominantly pain in the inner aspect of the knee, which is due to medial compartment arthritis. Patients who are born with varus knees (bow legs) are more likely to get medial compartment osteoarthritis. This is because the weight of their body mainly passes through the medial compartment of the knee rather than spreading the load evenly between the whole gliding surface of the knee. 

How do you diagnose medial compartment arthritis?

ClinicaFeatures, examination findings and standing X-rays of the knee joint and the patello-femoral joint are needed to diagnose medial compartment arthritis. The X-ray will often show narrowing of the joint space in the medial compartment of the knee which suggest that a patient has medial compartment osteoarthritis. Long Leg standing X-ray of the whole of both of both legs from the hip joints to the ankle joints ( Fig 2), allows us to carefully examine the overall alignment of your legs. They help to calculate the weight bearing axis of your leg and find out where most of the force is passing through your knee joint. MRI would be done too, to assess degree of cartilage damage. It is imperative to know status of other structures in the knee like meniscus and ligaments.

Non-operative treatment

Some patients are advised for a type of knee brace known as a medial offloading brace to trial. To a certain extent this mimics the result of osteotomy surgery by pushing the leg into a more normal alignment and taking the pressure of the damaged medial compartment. This is usually only a temporary solution whilst waiting for surgery. Patients who are overweight often find their knee pain is significantly improved when they lose weight. Simple analgesia such as paracetamol together with etodolac can help with pain and sleep disturbance form the pain.

Who requires surgery?

People suffering from growing cartilage lesions resulting in pain and activity restriction with proved mechanical axis deviation as the cause, would benefit from surgery. Age and extent of cartilage wear determine the nature of surgery. Younger individuals with smaller lesions are good candidates for a joint preservation surgery in the form of a High Tibial Osteotomy. With advancing age and extent of disease, Arthroplasty would be a
more beneficial option.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3834 people found this helpful

Knee Arthritis & High Tibial Osteotomy - Understanding It In Detail!

Knee Arthritis & High Tibial Osteotomy - Understanding It In Detail!

What is arthritis of the knee?

The knee acts as hinge joint and allows flexion (bending) and extension (straightening). The knee is formed by the tibiofemoral joints, where end of the femur (thigh bone) glides over the top of the tibia (shin bone) and the patellofemoral joint where the kneecap glides over the end part of the femur. The gliding surfaces of the knee are covered with articular cartilage which helps the joint to glide smoothly. Over time the articular cartilage can become damaged or 'worn away' and this is known as osteoarthritis.

What is medial compartment arthritis?

Most people with knee arthritis have predominantly pain in the inner aspect of the knee, which is due to medial compartment arthritis. Patients who are born with varus knees (bow legs) are more likely to get medial compartment osteoarthritis. This is because the weight of their body mainly passes through the medial compartment of the knee rather than spreading the load evenly between the whole gliding surface of the knee. 

How do you diagnose medial compartment arthritis?

ClinicaFeatures, examination findings and standing X-rays of the knee joint and the patello-femoral joint are needed to diagnose medial compartment arthritis. The X-ray will often show narrowing of the joint space in the medial compartment of the knee which suggest that a patient has medial compartment osteoarthritis. Long Leg standing X-ray of the whole of both of both legs from the hip joints to the ankle joints ( Fig 2), allows us to carefully examine the overall alignment of your legs. They help to calculate the weight bearing axis of your leg and find out where most of the force is passing through your knee joint. MRI would be done too, to assess degree of cartilage damage. It is imperative to know status of other structures in the knee like meniscus and ligaments.

Non-operative treatment

Some patients are advised for a type of knee brace known as a medial offloading brace to trial. To a certain extent this mimics the result of osteotomy surgery by pushing the leg into a more normal alignment and taking the pressure of the damaged medial compartment. This is usually only a temporary solution whilst waiting for surgery. Patients who are overweight often find their knee pain is significantly improved when they lose weight. Simple analgesia such as paracetamol together with etodolac can help with pain and sleep disturbance form the pain.

Who requires surgery?

People suffering from growing cartilage lesions resulting in pain and activity restriction with proved mechanical axis deviation as the cause, would benefit from surgery. Age and extent of cartilage wear determine the nature of surgery. Younger individuals with smaller lesions are good candidates for a joint preservation surgery in the form of a High Tibial Osteotomy. With advancing age and extent of disease, Arthroplasty would be a
more beneficial option.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3565 people found this helpful

1 to 3 years is known as toddler period children are more explorative during this period. They are more prone for injuries and accidents. Parents should be extra cautious to prevent these. Keep all the drugs including paracetamol in tight bottles. Keep all the sharp objects, poisonous substances out of reach of children. Always keep an eye on them as they can put any thing into mouth.