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Nevilast 150 Mg/30 Mg/200 Mg Tablet Tips

Baby care

Dr. Prakash Sankhala 86% (97 ratings)
Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Baby care
जिंदगी में आने की खबर तो 9 महीने पहले ही मिल जाती है ।
लेकिन जाने की खबर तो 9 सेकेंड पहले भी पता नहीं चलती ।।।
इसलिए मस्त और व्यस्त रहो.
61 people found this helpful

How is Hiv Treatment ?

Dr. Vinod Raina 89% (6434 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
How is Hiv  Treatment ?

Hiv treatment is done by antiviral drugs, there are a number of antiviral drugs available in the market, usually HIV is treated with a combination of drugs, usually two to three drugs are used in treating HIV in the initial stage, we can change the combination of drugs according to the requirement of the patient. Drugs can be adjusted or increased if there is the resistance of HIV in the patient.

There are a number of compounds (about 22 in number) which have been formally approved (by us food and drug administration) for the treatment of HIV infections (aids). According to their point of intervention with the HIV replicative cycle, these compounds can be classified into 5 categories: (1) nrtis (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): azidothymidine, didanosine, zalcitabine, stavudine, lamivudine, abacavir and emtricitabine; (2) ntrtis (nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors): tenofovir, administered as its oral prodrug form tdf (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate); (3) nnrtis (non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): nevirapine, delavirdine and efavirenz; (4) pis (hiv protease inhibitors): saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, lopinavir, atazanavir, fosamprenavir, tipranavir and darunavir; and (5) fis (fusion inhibitors): enfuvirtide. Starting from the drugs which are currently available for the treatment of aids, numerous combinations could be envisaged. Drug combinations are, in principle, aimed at obtaining synergism between the compounds (reasonably expected if they act by different mechanisms), while reducing the likelihood of drug resistance development. Such anti-hiv drug combination regimes were initiated about 10 years ago and have been generally referred to as haart (for highly active antiretroviral therapy). While haart originally consisted of a pill burden of twenty (or more) pills per day, this has been gradually diminished over the past few years, and, since July 2006, an all-in-one pill (teevir from myelin and virotrenz from ranbaxy sun pharma) has become available, which contains three anti-hiv drugs (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg, emtricitabine200mg and efavirenz 600 mg) to be taken as a single pill only once daily. Given the information that has been acquired for the therapeutic use (efficacy, safety) of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over the past five years, it would now seem mandatory to further consider the prophylactic use of tdf [and its combination with emtricitabine (truvada) and/or atripla], as a single daily pill to prevent HIV infection. New combinations of drugs are also available which include tenofovir 300 mg lamivudine 150 mg which is very new drugs.


Now a days we can treat patients who had sex with some sex worker or any male transgender or some unknown person and during sexual intercourse condom gets bursted, we can treat them if they come to us within 72 hours of direct contact, these medicines are called post-exposure prophylaxis (pep) drugs for hiv or prophylactic treatment for hiv, by using these drugs we can treat a patient and we can stop transfusion of hiv virus to the person.

Pep involves taking anti hiv drugs as soon as possible after having been exposed to unprotected sex with some sex worker or transgender of with homosexual prep is a new hiv prevention method in which people who do not have hiv infection take pills of medicine daily to reduce the risk of becoming infected with hiv virus, pep should be taken within 72 hours of exposure to unprotected sex before the virus has time to rapidly duplicate in your body, pep consists of 2-3 antiretroviral drugs taken for 28 days.

6 people found this helpful

Baby Care And Homeopathy!

Dr. Preeti Jaiswal 93% (445 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma In Nutrition & Diet Planning , ICR, M.D. Alternative Medicine
Homeopath, Thane
Baby Care And Homeopathy!

Baby Care And Homeopathy!

In Your Third Trimester? How Should You Take Care of Your Baby?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Delhi
In Your Third Trimester? How Should You Take Care of Your Baby?

Pregnancy is one of the most important period in a woman’s life. This is a time when she should indulge in the best of everything when it comes to diet, rest and exercise, depending on the recommendations of the doctor. As the pregnancy progresses, there are many myths and facts that take over. These usually reach a crescendo by the time the pregnancy reaches the third trimester. Let us find out ways and tips, which you can use to care for your baby and yourself during the third trimester of your pregnancy.

  1. Travel: This an often debated aspect that one has to consider, especially during the third trimester of one’s pregnancy. While many people say that it is not appropriate to travel during the third trimester, this really depends on the state of your health during this time. If you are suffering from problems like blood clot formation, then you may want to avoid travel as this can lead to blood clots due to long hours spent sitting in a flight or a train. Travel during the third trimester must also be avoided so as to avoid undue exposure to infections when you use public restrooms. This should be avoided, especially if you have fallen prey to infections in the beginning of the pregnancy. Also, long travel by cars should be avoided. If you have to travel, then you must stop often to stretch your legs on a regular basis.
  2. Movement of the Baby: One of the most important signs that shows you that your baby is thriving and is doing well is the movement of the fetus. This must be monitored and not ignored at all. It is important to keep in touch with your doctor regarding the number of movements that you should ideally feel during 24 hours. If you are not feeling anything close to that number, then you must have the same checked up by the doctor so that any complications may be unraveled on a timely basis.
  3. Sleeping: How you sleep also affects the health of the baby. You need to avoid sleeping on your back during the third trimester, as this can lead to oxygen supply problems. The uterus tends to become heavy during this part of the pregnancy and it can come to rest on the feotus in case you sleep on your back. This lead to a reduction or lack of the blood and oxygen supply to the baby. You should ideally sleep on your side, with a pillow to keep your legs at a proper level and support your aching back as well. You should also try and sleep on your left side as this promotes better blood flow to the baby inside.
3 people found this helpful

How To Care Of A Premature Baby?

Dr. Priyadarshan Muthal 85% (431 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pediatrician, Chandrapur
How To Care Of A Premature Baby?

Babies are fragile and need special care. In case of babies that are born prematurely, the amount of attention needed increases many fold and parents need to be extra careful and attentive. A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is said to be a premature baby. The earlier the baby is born, the higher the risk of complications.

Most premature babies spend the first few days after birth in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This is because they may have trouble breathing and may need help maintaining body heat. Though you may feel helpless watching your baby, it is important to spend time with your baby while he or she is in the NICU. Talk to the baby and touch him or her. As soon as your doctor allows, carry your baby while allowing him or her to have maximum skin to skin contact.

It is important to breastfeed a premature baby. Breast milk is the richest source of nutrition for your baby and is easy to digest. It is also rich in antibodies that help boost a bay’s immunity and protect them against a number of infections. If you cannot feed your baby directly, pump your breast milk and store it in sterilised bottles to be given to the baby. Premature babies can get critically ill very fast. To prevent this from happening, it is important to build a good rapport with your baby’s doctors and keep a close eye on your baby. Maintaining a journal can help you recognise changes in your baby’s development. Watch out for subtle signs that your baby could be falling ill.

Some of these signs are:

  1. A distended abdomen
  2. Dry the diapers frequently
  3. Frequent vomiting
  4. Blood in the stool
  5. Temperature instability
  6. Lethargy and unresponsiveness
  7. Change in breathing

In some cases, the mother may be discharged before the baby. This may seem very difficult, but does not need to limit your time with your baby. Caring for a premature baby is tough and hence use the time away to rest and recuperate. Remember that your baby is in safe hands and do not let yourself get too stressed.

Your baby will be ready to come home once he or she can breathe on their own and is able to maintain a steady body temperature. Your doctor may also wait until the baby can be breastfed and begins gaining weight before discharging him or her. Once the baby is home, do not attempt to be the sole caregiver but involve your family in building a team of caregivers. This will keep you from getting burnt out and will ensure that your baby is constantly monitored.

2594 people found this helpful

How Should I Bath My Baby

Paras Bliss 92% (37 ratings)
Panchkula & Delhi
Mother and Child Care, Panchkula
How Should I Bath My Baby

Bathing  the newborn baby is a pleasurable experience both for the mother and the baby. It can also be defined as a process through which the mother and child bond. A mother understands the requirements of the child and the baby adapts itself to the cleanliness regime of the mother.

When should I start bathing my new born baby?

According to guidelines of WHO, initial bath for a term newborn weighing more than 2.5kg should be given 6 hours after birth. In the term low birth weight babies weighing less than 2.5kgs, only sponge bath is to be given, till the weight crosses 2.5kg.

Dip baths can be given once the umbilical cord falls off i.e. by 7 -10 days. Till then sponge baths are to be given.

How should I bathe my baby?

The room should be warm and free from draught of air as a wet baby can easily catch the chill. Check the temperature of the bath water before placing the baby in the bath tub. The depth of the water should be 5 cms upto the hip of the baby. Eyes can be cleaned by using one sterile water-soaked cotton swab for each eye. The Head should be washed last and dried first to prevent exposure due to large surface area. Pay special attention to skin folds of the neck, behind the ears, underarms, and diaper area. Also wash between the fingers and the toes.

What cleanser/ soap should I use for my baby?

Do not use soap for the first 1 month of life. After that, use any mild unmedicated soap or liquid cleanser with acidic/ neutral pH, that maintains the pH of the baby's skin. Avoid scented soaps and bubble baths.

How frequently should I bathe my baby?

In summer months, daily baths can be given. In winters, dip bath may be given twice/thrice a week and rest of the days, it is preferable to sponge the baby.

Hair wash can be given twice  a week.

A word of caution:

Never leave your baby unattended  to in the bath tub.Bath tub should be disinfected after use. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult the doctor and ask a free question.

6886 people found this helpful

Planning a Baby

Paras Hospitals 92% (23 ratings)
Partners in Health
Multi Speciality, Gurgaon
Planning a Baby

Becoming a parent is the most cherishing moment in a couple's life, hence it is important to ensure that both the mother and the baby are healthy. In today's world lot of factors like environmental, socio-economic, lifestyle associated, and addictions such as smoking and alcohol affect the health of both men and women. If the parents have ill health or unhealthy lifestyle practices, the same can complicate matters and also cause infertility.

Prenatal Counseling:

Today's life, especially in the metro cities, is fast and becoming more stressful. Pregnancy is a period when the health of the baby is directly dependent on the health of the mother and father. Also during the early phase of pregnancy the development of a baby inside the womb is very rapid and is the base for its future. Preconception counseling helps parents to understand and identify the different factors affecting the growth of the baby along with the modifications or complete illumination of these factors (if possible) to maintain the healthy development of the baby and the health of the mother as well.

Hence preconception counseling is a good initiative towards a healthy outcome. It not only guides the parent about the healthy lifestyle but also helps to find out the genetic factors causing any malformation or medical conditions, affecting the baby- the mother- the whole family through an emotional, psychological, social and economic point of view. It helps the parents to understand the condition, its future consequences so that they are able to take informed decisions.

Planning a baby 1

The Prenatal Counseling Guides About:

  • The right height and weight as per the BMI. This highlights the right attributes needed for conception
  • Blood pressure to check any abnormality
  • Medical history - whether they have had any medical treatment for any particular disease. If yes, then what are the medications? They check whether these are safe medications for pregnancy or not. The doctors then alter them accordingly to avoid any harmful effect on pregnancy.
  • Abdominal & pelvic examination to rule out any abnormality
  • Rubella screening- It is important to have a vaccine. As Rubella causes abortions or congenital birth defects in baby.
  • Varicella screening to assess any chances of future abnormalities
  • Depression screening as its medication are harmful for the baby & also if mother is not prepared for pregnancy then the outcome is usually affected.
  • Blood tests like urine analysis, complete blood count, sugar, blood group & tests for -STDS (HIV, VDRL), Hepatitis B, thyroid dysfunction
  • The importance of well-balanced nutritional diet and how to opt it
  • The change or modification in the lifestyle to reduce stress
  • Exercise and its benefits
  • Any family history of any disease like Haemophilia and the steps towards it
  • Quitting alcohol and smoking as they have adverse effects on the growth and development of baby
  • Any kind of drug addiction having ill effect on the health of both mother and baby

Thus prenatal counseling in planning a baby is a step towards ensuring a healthy outcome.

3870 people found this helpful

Planning a Baby

Paras Bliss 92% (37 ratings)
Panchkula & Delhi
Mother and Child Care, Panchkula
Planning a Baby

Becoming a parent is the most cherishing moment in a couple's life, hence it is important to ensure that both the mother and the baby are healthy. In today's world lot of factors like environmental, socio-economic, lifestyle associated, and addictions such as smoking and alcohol affect the health of both men and women. If the parents have ill health or unhealthy lifestyle practices, the same can complicate matters and also cause infertility.

Prenatal Counseling: Today's life, especially in the metro cities, is fast and becoming more stressful. Pregnancy is a period when the health of the baby is directly dependent on the health of the mother and father. Also during the early phase of pregnancy the development of a baby inside the womb is very rapid and is the base for its future. Preconception counseling helps parents to understand and identify the different factors affecting the growth of the baby along with the modifications or complete illumination of these factors (if possible) to maintain the healthy development of the baby and the health of the mother as well.

Hence preconception counseling is a good initiative towards a healthy outcome. It not only guides the parent about the healthy lifestyle but also helps to find out the genetic factors causing any malformation or medical conditions, affecting the baby- the mother- the whole family through an emotional, psychological, social and economic point of view. It helps the parents to understand the condition, its future consequences so that they are able to take informed decisions.

The Prenatal Counseling Guides About:

  • The right height and weight as per the BMI. This highlights the right attributes needed for conception
  • Blood pressure to check any abnormality
  • Medical history - whether they have had any medical treatment for any particular disease. If yes, then what are the medications? They check whether these are safe medications for pregnancy or not. The doctors then alter them accordingly to avoid any harmful effect on pregnancy.
  • Abdominal & pelvic examination to rule out any abnormality
  • Rubella screening- It is important to have a vaccine. As Rubella causes abortions or congenital birth defects in baby.
  • Varicella screening to assess any chances of future abnormalities
  • Depression screening as its medication are harmful for the baby & also if mother is not prepared for pregnancy then the outcome is usually affected.
  • Blood tests like urine analysis, complete blood count, sugar, blood group & tests for -STDS (HIV, VDRL), Hepatitis B, thyroid dysfunction
  • The importance of well-balanced nutritional diet and how to opt it
  • The change or modification in the lifestyle to reduce stress
  • Exercise and its benefits
  • Any family history of any disease like Haemophilia and the steps towards it
  • Quitting alcohol and smoking as they have adverse effects on the growth and development of baby
  • Any kind of drug addiction having ill effect on the health of both mother and baby

Thus prenatal counseling in planning a baby is a step towards ensuring a healthy outcome.

4049 people found this helpful

How To Get Your Baby To Talk?

Dr. S. Gupta 89% (40 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, BCH, DNB - Training, PDCC - Pediatric Hepatology & Gastroenterology
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
How To Get Your Baby To Talk?

The role of parents in language development of children is a primary one. Basically, it will be a one way communication as babies will not respond but that should not deter you from speaking to them. It has been shown that talking to children early on helps them to talk faster and learn more words. The number of words a child hears is directly proportional to the amount of vocabulary he/she will be able to master.

6 ways to help your baby learn speaking:

1. Let them listen a lot

Children learn speaking by listening first. So more and more words they will listen, so do they will speak. Make sure your child comes in contact with children in the peer group and plays with them. Many words they will learn with the help of their friends.

2. Read a book

You should start to read to your child as early as possible. The type of book is not as important as you may use various touch and feel books such as graphic novels. Initially, you may start with board books and then move on to picture books and finally to story books. It helps in increasing the child's vocabulary.

3. Talk as much as you can

Part of a child's ears and brain that respond to sound are developed since birth, so even though talking to your baby may not make much sense, talking to them enhances their development of speech. The infant absorbs the words which facilitates speaking.

4. Look for cues

If the child is interested in something such as a book or a toy, then engage with the child on that subject. Encourage him/her to ask questions and interact as much as possible. These interactions help in enhancing the child's language skills.

5. Limit television

Using television to teach vocabulary to your child is not as effective as talking directly. The primary reason is that characters in television do not react to your child's cues. This does not allow the child interact which results in reduced language learning.

6. Treat ear infections early

It is important to treat ear infections early as this causes hearing problems which in turn delays language learning. Consulting a pediatrician to get treatment for ear infections of your child is advisable. You should see to it that the child is being administered medications at regular intervals.

2326 people found this helpful

How To Take Care Of A Premature Baby?

Dr. Harit Bansal 87% (54 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Sonipat
How To Take Care Of A Premature Baby?

Babies are fragile and need special care. In the case of babies that are born prematurely, the amount of attention needed increases many fold and parents need to be extra careful and attentive. A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is said to be a premature baby. The earlier the baby is born, the higher the risk of complications.

Most premature babies spend the first few days after birth in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This is because they may have trouble breathing and may need help maintaining body heat. Though you may feel helpless watching your baby, it is important to spend time with your baby while he or she is in the NICU. Talk to the baby and touch him or her. As soon as your doctor allows, carry your baby while allowing him or her to have maximum skin to skin contact.

It is important to breastfeed a premature baby. Breast milk is the richest source of nutrition for your baby and is easy to digest. It is also rich in antibodies that help boost a baby's immunity and protect them against a number of infections. If you cannot feed your baby directly, pump your breast milk and store it in sterilised bottles to be given to the baby. Premature babies can get critically ill very fast. To prevent this from happening, it is important to build a good rapport with your baby’s doctors and keep a close eye on your baby. Maintaining a journal can help you recognise changes in your baby’s development. Watch out for subtle signs that your baby could be falling ill. Some of these signs are:

  1. A distended abdomen
  2. Dry the diapers frequently
  3. Frequent vomiting
  4. Blood in the stool
  5. Temperature instability
  6. Lethargy and unresponsiveness
  7. Change in breathing

In some cases, the mother may be discharged before the baby. This may seem very difficult, but does not need to limit your time with your baby. Caring for a premature baby is tough and hence use the time away to rest and recuperate. Remember that your baby is in safe hands and do not let yourself get too stressed.

Your baby will be ready to come home once he or she can breathe on their own and is able to maintain steady body temperature. Your doctor may also wait until the baby can be breastfed and begins gaining weight before discharging him or her. Once the baby is home, do not attempt to be the sole caregiver but involve your family in building a team of caregivers. This will keep you from getting burnt out and will ensure that your baby is constantly monitored.

1030 people found this helpful