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Being Paranoid - 10 Things You Need To Know About It!

Dr. Kushal Jain 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, Master of Public Health (MPH) Sweden
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Being Paranoid - 10 Things You Need To Know About It!

Paranoia is a psychological condition that worries you, makes you nervous and afraid of your surroundings and your friends and relatives. Paranoia extends a vast field and here are 10 things you need to know to tackle and overcome paranoia.

  1. Be optimistic: Paranoia branches out of pessimism. When you tend to assume the worst of every situation, you will naturally become nervous and afraid of everything that befalls you. Be optimistic and face the situation head-on, reminding yourself that it is not as bad as it may seem and you have the power to overcome it.
  2. Do not obsess over every minute thing: Paranoia does not only mean that someone out there is after you, it also means the constant worry or feeling that someone will get you. The more you think about the negative things the more you will drown yourself in paranoia. But it is not impossible to overcome them. So keep a journal where you write down all the paranoid thoughts and check them later to see how baseless they were.
  3. Confide your thoughts to a confidante or a close friend: Keep a close friend whom you can trust and confide in him/her every detail of your thoughts. Listen to what feedback they have to offer and try to believe them.
  4. Keep yourself busy: Focus all your energy on some hobby or tasks that will keep your paranoid thoughts at bay. It can be anything, from playing an instrument to a healthy time at the gym.
  5. Ask yourself: Ask yourself whether anyone else cares about what you are caring right now. Everyone is busy with their life like you are and everyone has their own troubles to attend to.
  6. Find the root cause: It is essential for you to find out whether your paranoia is rooted in anxiety or not. Anxiety triggers paranoid thoughts; however, the two conditions are different and should be treated separately. Anxiety is your belief that you will die suddenly of a fatal disease, whereas paranoia will make you believe that your doctor is purposefully killing you.
  7. Paranoia comes in waves: The attack comes suddenly and with great vigor. You may just be enjoying a party and suddenly you are affected by a bout of paranoia.
  8. Plan ahead of the attack: If you are living alone, keep emergency contacts near you and the moment you feel any different, call your emergency contact.
  9. Medicate your paranoia: Antipsychotic medications such as Haldol and Loxapine work well to minimize the delusions and the hallucinations. However, never consume any medicine without the advice of the doctor.
  10. Seek professional help: A psychologist will be able to diagnose you better and give the necessary advice to contain your paranoia.

Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

Schizophrenia affects over 1% of the world’s population and affects the way a person thinks, feels and behaves. In most cases, it is diagnosed when a person is between the ages of 16 to 25. This condition can be hereditary and is said to affect men more often than women. Schizophrenia is characterized by an inability to distinguish between real and imaginary which can lead to delusions, social withdrawal, hallucinations and other forms of social and occupational dysfunction.

Schizophrenia affects different people in different ways. On the basis of the type of symptoms exhibited, this disease has been categorized into 5 sub types. These are:

  1. PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA: This type of schizophrenia is characterized by delusions and hallucinations that may make the person exhibit paranoid behaviour. These people often feel like they are being watched or followed and may have delusions of grandeur. They may also get angry quickly on minor issues and show signs of anxiety and hostility.
  2. DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA: In such cases, the person may behave in ways that are difficult to understand or speak in broken sentences and have difficulty structuring a sentence. They may also display inappropriate behaviour and react in ways not suitable to the occasion. People suffering from disorganized schizophrenia may also neglect their personal hygiene.
  3. CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from catatonic schizophrenia may swing between immobility and periods of rapid movement. They may stay quiet for hours or talk rapidly repeating everything they hear. These people have a high risk of harming themselves as they are usually unable to look after themselves and complete daily activities.
  4. UNDIFFERENTIATED SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from this type of schizophrenia exhibit behaviour that fits into more than one type of schizophrenia. From time to time they may have hallucinations, suffer from delusions or display catatonic behaviour and disorganized behaviour or speech.
  5. RESIDUAL SCHIZOPHRENIA: Even though a person may not be currently showcasing any signs of schizophrenia, they are said to have residual schizophrenia. Such people need to have had at least one schizophrenic episode. These people may exhibit symptoms later or be in complete remission.

With schizophrenia, an early diagnosis can make treatment easier and hence if you notice anyone exhibiting signs of schizophrenia, you must advise them to seek medical help immediately.

Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Agents

Commonly prescribed typical antipsychotics include:

Commonly prescribed atypical antipsychotics include:

Most psychotropic medications produce the best results when paired with some type of psychotherapy. Medication can be of great service in helping a person treat and overcome debilitating symptoms, but pills by themselves cannot address behaviors, emotions, and root causes of mental health issues. If you are prescribed an antipsychotic medication, please consider finding a therapist you trust to help you learn more about what you are experiencing and to help you develop coping strategies to improve the quality of your life.

Schizophrenia cannot be cured but it can be managed with a combination of typical or atypical medication and cognitive therapy. The latter can be in the form of self-help groups, housing and employment programs, counselling and therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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