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Emtricitabine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Emtricitabine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), which is used for treating HIV infection. This drug filters out the HIV from the blood, it does not cure the disease but is helpful in preventing AIDS. It comes as a capsule, a tablet, and a solution.

Do not use Emtricitabine, if you are allergic to any ingredient in emtricitabine; or if you are taking any other prescription or non- prescription drugs. Inform your healthcare provider before using this medicine if:

  • You are pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant
  • You are breastfeeding
  • Tell your doctor if you have any known allergies
  • You have had lactic acidosis, or abnormal liver function or liver problems
  • You have any kidney problems

Common side effects of this medicine include dizziness, Abdominal or stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea, headache. It may also lead to some other serious side effects such as fever, chills, pain during urination, fatigue, chest pain chest pain, skin discoloration, trouble falling asleep, numbness, burning, or tingling in the hands, arms, feet, or legs, rash, itching , depression, muscle stiffness. Seek immediate medical attention in case you notice any serious side effects or if any mild side effect stays long.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a HIV Specialist before using this medicine.

hiv infection

chronic hepatitis b virus (hbv) infection

In addition to its intended effect, Emtricitabine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.

Is It safe with alcohol?

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.

Are there any pregnancy warnings?

Tenvir em tablet is probably safe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown low or no adverse effect on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. Please consult your doctor.

Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

Tenvir em tablet is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.

Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?

Caution is advised when driving or operating machinery.
Dizziness has been reported in some of the patients.

Does this affect kidney function?

Caution should be advised in patients with renal impairment.
Caution should be used in patients with impaired renal function.

Does this affect liver function?

There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Emtricitabine as ingredient
Cipla Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Hetero Drugs Ltd
Veritaz Healthcare Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Abbott India Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Mylan Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Mylan Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Emtricitabine is used for the prevention and treatment of HIV infection. The drug looks to interfere with the reverse transcriptase procedure, which converts the HIV RNA into DNA. This process also leads to an increase in the number of healthy cells in the body.
What are you using Emtricitabine for?
chronic hepatitis b virus (hbv) infection
hiv infection
How much was the improvement?
Excellent
Poor
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within 6 hours
Within 2 hours
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Once a day
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Weakness
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello Doctor, I want the list of test to be conducted before taking prep medicines for hiv prevention.

BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Hello Doctor, I want the list of test to be conducted before taking prep medicines for hiv prevention.
A combination of two HIV medicines (tenofovir and emtricitabine), sold under the name Truvada® (pronounced tru vá duh), is approved for daily use as PrEP to help prevent an HIV-negative person from getting HIV from a sexual or injection-drug-using partner who's positive.

I have prescribed tenvir by a hiv specialist as a prep medicines. There is also tenvir em which is widely use as prep. I was keen on going but doc suggested me to go for temvir l as it does not have much damage on renal function n affordable as well. Could you pls suggest me if which one is better and which one gives good results.

Doctor of Medicine, Diploma in Family Medicine, KING GEORGE'S MEDICAL UNIVERSITY.LUCKNOW
HIV Specialist, Ghaziabad
I have prescribed tenvir by a hiv specialist as a prep medicines. There is also tenvir em which is widely use as prep...
Hello. The information given to him was correct. He is writing trade names and he was prescribed tnf and 3 tc (lamivudine) but he wants ftc (emtricitabine) saying that his friends use it. Please see his msg. He writes tenvir em and than writes tenvir l (these are 2 differnt brands as you must be knowing well, with emtricitabine in em brand and lamivudine in l brand ,from same manuf. The pt wants tnf and ftc and not 3tc as his friends use tnf and ftc and not 3tc. Who recommends both the combination. He was never told to use single drug even though who has given tnf alone too it as 2nd option. Please kindly read the msg well before giving mislesding info. Thanks. Please ask the patient to show you the proscription as a proof. That he was given 2 drug combination not a single drug combination.
2 people found this helpful

Sir I sex with my neighbour without condom. Her husband also sex with him. She has also 2 children. Shall I get aids or HIV? Please answer.

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Kendujhar
Hello, Thanks for your query on Lybrate "As" per your clinical history is concerned HIV can spread from sexual contact or via infected blood so first check if she is not a HIV patient. To prevent it in future follow like this - 1) Try to use a new condom every time you have sex. If you don't know the HIV status of your partner, use a new condom every time you have anal or vaginal sex. Women can use a female condom. Use only water-based lubricants. Oil-based lubricants can weaken condoms and cause them to break. During oral sex use a condom, dental dam a piece of medical-grade latex or plastic wrap. 2) Talk with your treating Doctor about use of the drug Truvada and it contains emtricitabine-tenofovir to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted HIV infection in those who are at high risk. 3) Use a clean needle. If you use a needle to inject drugs, make sure it's sterile and don't share it. 4) Consider male circumcision. And it can help reduce a man's risk of acquiring HIV. Hope that helps.

Hi please need your urgent assistance on what to be done, I recently had protected intercourse but Condom was not correctly put with a HIV positive person, which I got to know only on the next day, I started PEP by using Duovir within 30 hours and have completed 2 doses, I have not done any test yet as they said it would not be conclusive and to wait at least for 4 weeks, please advise on PEP treatment with Duovir and it's side effects and effectiveness and also optimum time to take it since not many doctors in my city are aware of this, I'm very scared since this was also my first time was never sexually active before this, please advise.

MBBS, DGO, PhD - HIV Medicine
HIV Specialist, Chandigarh
Hi please need your urgent assistance on what to be done, I recently had protected intercourse but Condom was not cor...
Hi! Welcome to Lybrate! PEP is effective, if started as early as possible, within 72 hours of the exposure and if continued regularly for 28 days. There could be minimal nausea or vomiting sensation when initiated with the combination which you have initiated. Before initiation, it is suggested to know your Baseline status of HIV and also for HBV and HCV. The PEP drugs for HIV are recommended to start only if Baseline status of HIV is Negative After completion of PEP, tests are recommended again at six weeks and if Negative, a confirmatory test at three months of last exposure. Please revert for any further information. Best wishes!
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

How is Hiv Treatment ?

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
How is Hiv  Treatment ?

Hiv treatment is done by antiviral drugs, there are a number of antiviral drugs available in the market, usually HIV is treated with a combination of drugs, usually two to three drugs are used in treating HIV in the initial stage, we can change the combination of drugs according to the requirement of the patient. Drugs can be adjusted or increased if there is the resistance of HIV in the patient.

There are a number of compounds (about 22 in number) which have been formally approved (by us food and drug administration) for the treatment of HIV infections (aids). According to their point of intervention with the HIV replicative cycle, these compounds can be classified into 5 categories: (1) nrtis (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): azidothymidine, didanosine, zalcitabine, stavudine, lamivudine, abacavir and emtricitabine; (2) ntrtis (nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors): tenofovir, administered as its oral prodrug form tdf (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate); (3) nnrtis (non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): nevirapine, delavirdine and efavirenz; (4) pis (hiv protease inhibitors): saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, lopinavir, atazanavir, fosamprenavir, tipranavir and darunavir; and (5) fis (fusion inhibitors): enfuvirtide. Starting from the drugs which are currently available for the treatment of aids, numerous combinations could be envisaged. Drug combinations are, in principle, aimed at obtaining synergism between the compounds (reasonably expected if they act by different mechanisms), while reducing the likelihood of drug resistance development. Such anti-hiv drug combination regimes were initiated about 10 years ago and have been generally referred to as haart (for highly active antiretroviral therapy). While haart originally consisted of a pill burden of twenty (or more) pills per day, this has been gradually diminished over the past few years, and, since July 2006, an all-in-one pill (teevir from myelin and virotrenz from ranbaxy sun pharma) has become available, which contains three anti-hiv drugs (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg, emtricitabine200mg and efavirenz 600 mg) to be taken as a single pill only once daily. Given the information that has been acquired for the therapeutic use (efficacy, safety) of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over the past five years, it would now seem mandatory to further consider the prophylactic use of tdf [and its combination with emtricitabine (truvada) and/or atripla], as a single daily pill to prevent HIV infection. New combinations of drugs are also available which include tenofovir 300 mg lamivudine 150 mg which is very new drugs.


Now a days we can treat patients who had sex with some sex worker or any male transgender or some unknown person and during sexual intercourse condom gets bursted, we can treat them if they come to us within 72 hours of direct contact, these medicines are called post-exposure prophylaxis (pep) drugs for hiv or prophylactic treatment for hiv, by using these drugs we can treat a patient and we can stop transfusion of hiv virus to the person.

Pep involves taking anti hiv drugs as soon as possible after having been exposed to unprotected sex with some sex worker or transgender of with homosexual prep is a new hiv prevention method in which people who do not have hiv infection take pills of medicine daily to reduce the risk of becoming infected with hiv virus, pep should be taken within 72 hours of exposure to unprotected sex before the virus has time to rapidly duplicate in your body, pep consists of 2-3 antiretroviral drugs taken for 28 days.

3 people found this helpful

Hiv Treatment

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Hiv Treatment

HIV treatment is done by antiviral drugs, there are number of antiviral drugs available in the market, usually HIV is treated with combination of drugs, usually two to three drugs are used in treating HIV in initial stage, we can change the combination of drugs according to requirement of the patient. Drugs can be adjusted or increased if there is resistance of HIV in the patient.

There are number of compounds (about 22 in number) which have been formally approved (by the US Food and Drug Administration) for the treatment of HIV infections (AIDS). According to their point of intervention with the HIV replicative cycle, these compounds can be classified in 5 categories: (1) NRTIs (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): azidothymidine, didanosine, zalcitabine, stavudine, lamivudine, abacavir and emtricitabine; (2) NtRTIs (nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors): tenofovir, administered as its oral prodrug form TDF (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate); (3) NNRTIs (non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors): nevirapine, delavirdine and efavirenz; (4) PIs (HIV protease inhibitors): saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, lopinavir, atazanavir, fosamprenavir, tipranavir and darunavir; and (5) FIs (fusion inhibitors): enfuvirtide. Starting from the drugs which are currently available for the treatment of AIDS, numerous combinations could be envisaged. Drug combinations are, in principle, aimed at obtaining synergism between the compounds (reasonably expected if they act by different mechanisms), while reducing the likelihood for drug resistance development. Such anti-HIV drug combination regimens were initiated about 10 years ago and have been generally referred to as HAART (for highly active antiretroviral therapy). While HAART originally consisted of a pill burden of twenty (or more) pills per day, this has been gradually diminished over the past few years, and, since July 2006, a all-in-one pill (teevir from myelin and virotrenz from Ranbaxy sun pharma) has become available, which contains three anti-HIV drugs (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg, emtricitabine200mg and efavirenz 600 mg) to be taken as a single pill only once daily. Given the information that has been acquired on the therapeutic use (efficacy, safety) of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over the past five years, it would now seem mandatory to further consider the prophylactic use of TDF [and its combination with emtricitabine (Truvada) and/or Atripla], as a single daily pill to prevent HIV infection. New combinations of drugs are also available which include tenofovir 300 mg lamivudine 150 mg which are very new drugs.


Now a days we can treat patients who had sex with some sex worker or any male transgender or some unknown person and during sexual intercourse condom gets bursted , we can treat them if they come to us within 72 hours of direct contact, these medicines are called POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS (PEP) drugs for HIV or prophylactic treatment for HIV, by using these drugs we can treat a patient and we can stop transfusion of HIV virus to the person.

PEP involves taking anti HIV drugs as soon as possible after having been exposed to unprotected sex with some sex worker or transgender or with homosexual PrEP is a new HIV prevention method in which people who do not have HIV infection take pills of medicine daily to reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV virus ,PEP should be taken within 72 hours of exposure to unprotected sex before the virus has time to rapidly duplicate in your body, PEP consists of 2-3 antiretroviral drugs taken for 28 days.

10 people found this helpful

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis - How It Can Help You?

MBBS, PGDHS,PGDHIVM
General Physician, Nalgonda
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis - How It Can Help You?

Pre-exposure prophylaxis is a treatment method for people who do not have the HIV infection but who might be facing a considerable risk of contacting the disease. It is done by taking one pill daily. The pill comprises of two medicines i.e. tenofovir and emtricitabine. These two are combined with other drugs in order to treat HIV. When a person is exposed to HIV, be it through sexual intercourse or shared needles, these drugs help in stopping the infection from reaching an advanced stage.

Dosage and use
When the drug is consumed on a regular basis, pre-exposure prophylaxis has been observed to decrease the risk of HIV infection in individuals with increased risk by up to 92%. Pre-exposure prophylaxis is not as effective when not taken on a consistent basis.

Advantages

  1. It can actually help patients: While many still consider it to be a farce, pre-exposure prophylaxis has been proven to reduce the risk of HIV infection transmitted from unprotected sex. Recording a success rate of over 90% in that field, Pre-exposure prophylaxis has been proven to show a success rate of 70% in people who inject drugs in their body. These results could be a reflection of individuals on being consistent in this treatment method. For people who are forced to limited possibilities to protect themselves from the HIV virus, pre-exposure prophylaxis permits them to control their risk of contacting HIV.
  2. Affordable: The PrEP drug costs are lesser than HIV treatment when analyzed at both per-dose and duration of use levels. Furthermore, PrEP is prescribed on a consistent basis, only when an individual is facing a heightened risk of HIV. But if an individual contracts HIV, they will be required to be a part of the Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) process for the rest of their lives in order to stay in good physical shape. A PrEP program is projected to cost less than 5% of an average HIV program’s entire budget.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

3370 people found this helpful

The Basics of HIV and AIDS Prevention!

FHM Fellowship In HIV Medicine, MD, MBBS
HIV Specialist, Hyderabad
The Basics of HIV and AIDS Prevention!

AIDS also termed as Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome is a serious condition affecting people worldwide. Caused by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the retrovirus is known to attack the CD-4 cells (T-cells) wreaking havoc on the immune system. As a result, the body's ability to fight various diseases (including the HIV infection) gets affected.

An important point to be noted is that HIV infections do not always result in AIDS. The virus triggers an HIV Infection that gradually develops into AIDS. In fact, an HIV infected person can lead a normal life (AIDS do not occur) through timely diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we will discuss the essential steps that can play a pivotal role in HIV prevention.

HIV and AIDS Prevention
For an effective preventive measure, one should first understand the mode of spread of the HIV infection and AIDS.

For the transmission of the HIV infection, certain fluids such as the semen, vaginal secretions, or the blood of the infected person must enter the body of a healthy person. This transmission can take place in many ways, the most common of which include:

  • Transfusion of the infected blood into a healthy person.
  • Having unprotected sex with an HIV infected person.
  • From the infected mother to the fetus or from the lactating mother to the baby (through breastfeeding).
  • Sharing of needles can also play a pivotal role in the transmission of the HIV infection.

Having mentioned the various modes of transmission of the HIV infection, a little alertness and certain precautionary measures can work wonders to prevent the spread of this life-threatening disease.

  • No matter how much you trust and love your partner, never go for unprotected sex. In addition to preventing unwanted pregnancies, condom also acts as a protective shield safeguarding one from the HIV infection and other STDs (sexually transmitted diseases). Also if you are suffering from HIV infection or AIDS, make sure your partner knows about the same. Keeping them in the dark will only complicate things further.
  • It is a safe practice to get the donor blood tested before a transfusion.
  • Always ensure that the needle you are using is new or properly sterilized.
  • A pregnant woman should be extra careful. A small negligence can cause her and the baby dearly. Be in regular touch with your attending physician and get all the necessary medications and treatments done.
  • For some people who are more susceptible to the HIV infection, a drug known as TRUVADA ( a combination of emtricitabine-tenofovir) can be highly effective. However, the drug is not advisable for people with Hepatitis B or renal problems. A person already HIV- infected may also not benefit from this drug.
  • An HIV- infected should undergo regular health checkups and screenings to avoid any further complications and aggravation of the condition.

An HIV or AIDS patient is a normal human being like us. Don't isolate them or treat them as untouchables. Let them also live with dignity and pride. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3403 people found this helpful
Table of Content
About Emtricitabine
When is Emtricitabine prescribed?
What are the side effects of Emtricitabine ?
Key highlights of Emtricitabine
Medicines containing Emtricitabine
How does medicine works?