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6 Signs You Are Suffering From Colitis!

Dr. Manoj Kumar 89% (70 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
6 Signs You Are Suffering From Colitis!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis
1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
2. Acute colitis can itself be a symptom of hemorrhoids (inflamed and swollen veins in the anus or the rectum)
3. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
4. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
5. Constant abdominal pain
6. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis
1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation

4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine
5. Infectious colitis: Caused due to certain bacterial or parasitic infections

Treatment for colitis
1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control the diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gastroenterologist.

2117 people found this helpful

Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Common Factors That Can Trigger It!

Dr. Kunal Das 87% (11 ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Common Factors That Can Trigger It!

A chronic condition, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the large intestine that exhibits symptoms such as bloating, abdominal cramps, gas and diarrhea. The symptoms of IBS can be controlled by making lifestyle changes such as incorporating certain modifications to your diet and reducing or managing stress levels. For severe symptoms, you may require medications.

Symptoms
The symptoms of IBS can vary; some of them are:

  1. Bloated stomach
  2. Abdominal cramps
  3. Flatulence
  4. Constipation or diarrhea
  5. Presence of mucus in the stool
  6. Some other severe symptoms of IBS include sudden loss of weight and rectal bleeding.

Causes
The exact cause of IBS is not known, but there are certain factors that may act as triggers. There are muscles lining the walls of the intestine that relax and contract in a proper rhythm, thus allowing the passage of food through the intestine. In case of IBS, these contractions tend to be irregular, resulting in gas, bloating and diarrhea.

Some of the factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Hormones: Hormonal changes can play a role in triggering IBS. For a woman, the symptoms can worsen during her menstrual cycles.
  2. Stress: Studies show that symptoms of IBS considerably increase if you are subject to increased stress levels over a prolonged period of time.
  3. Foods: Certain foods such as spices, chocolate, milk and broccoli can act as triggers.
  4. Other Disorders: In some cases, other underlying conditions such as bacterial overgrowth or infectious diarrhea can cause IBS.

Treatment
The initial step to manage the symptoms of this condition is to make prompt changes in your diet, such as eliminating spicy foods and dairy products, at least till the symptoms subside. It is advised to resort to medications only if the dietary changes fail to yield results.

The various treatments are:

  1. Anti-diarrheal Medications: Anti-diarrheal medication such as ‘loperamide’ is used to control and manage diarrhea.
  2. Fiber Supplements: Certain fiber supplements such as ‘methylcellulose’ and ‘psyllium’ can help in managing constipation.
  3. Antibiotics: Antibiotics are prescribed only if the symptoms result from bacterial overgrowth in the intestine.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2805 people found this helpful

Colitis - Common Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Dr. Kunal Das 87% (11 ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Colitis - Common Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to the reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis

  1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
  2. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
  3. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
  4. Constant abdominal pain
  5. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis

  1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
  2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
  3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
  4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine

Diagnosis of colitis

  1. Stool - Routine and microscopy 
  2. Stools - Culture & sensitivity 
  3. Sigmodoscopy or Colonoscopy 
  4. CT scan - Abdomen

Treatment for colitis

  1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
  2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
  3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
  4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2640 people found this helpful

The Five Types of Colitis!

Dr. Vivek Sagar Pallepagu 90% (218 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Mahabubnagar
The Five Types of Colitis!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis
1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
2. Acute colitis can itself be a symptom of hemorrhoids (inflamed and swollen veins in the anus or the rectum)
3. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
4. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
5. Constant abdominal pain
6. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis
1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful

3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine
5. Infectious colitis: Caused due to certain bacterial or parasitic infections

Treatment for colitis
1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control the diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gastroenterologist.

1962 people found this helpful

6 Signs You Might Be Suffering From Irritable Bowel Syndrome!

Dr. Raj Vigna Venugopal 90% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine , DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Bangalore
6 Signs You Might Be Suffering From Irritable Bowel Syndrome!

A chronic condition, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the large intestine that exhibits symptoms such as bloating, abdominal cramps, gas and diarrhea. The symptoms of IBS can be controlled by making lifestyle changes such as incorporating certain modifications to your diet and reducing or managing stress levels. For severe symptoms, you may require medications.

Symptoms
The symptoms of IBS can vary; some of them are:

  1. Bloated stomach
  2. Abdominal cramps
  3. Flatulence
  4. Constipation or diarrhea
  5. Presence of mucus in the stool
  6. Some other severe symptoms of IBS include sudden loss of weight and rectal bleeding.

Causes
The exact cause of IBS is not known, but there are certain factors that may act as triggers. There are muscles lining the walls of the intestine that relax and contract in a proper rhythm, thus allowing the passage of food through the intestine. In case of IBS, these contractions tend to be irregular, resulting in gas, bloating and diarrhea.

Some of the factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Hormones: Hormonal changes can play a role in triggering IBS. For a woman, the symptoms can worsen during her menstrual cycles.
  2. Stress: Studies show that symptoms of IBS considerably increase if you are subject to increased stress levels over a prolonged period of time.
  3. Foods: Certain foods such as spices, chocolate, milk and broccoli can act as triggers.
  4. Other Disorders: In some cases, other underlying conditions such as bacterial overgrowth or infectious diarrhea can cause IBS.

Treatment
The initial step to manage the symptoms of this condition is to make prompt changes in your diet, such as eliminating spicy foods and dairy products, at least till the symptoms subside. It is advised to resort to medications only if the dietary changes fail to yield results.

The various treatments are:

  1. Anti-diarrheal Medications: Anti-diarrheal medication such as ‘loperamide’ is used to control and manage diarrhea.
  2. Fiber Supplements: Certain fiber supplements such as ‘methylcellulose’ and ‘psyllium’ can help in managing constipation.
  3. Antibiotics: Antibiotics are prescribed only if the symptoms result from bacterial overgrowth in the intestine.
3 people found this helpful

Colitis - Know The 5 Most Common Types!

Dr. Nitin Aherrao 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced Endoscopy
Gastroenterologist, Mumbai
Colitis - Know The 5 Most Common Types!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis

  1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
  2. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
  3. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
  4. Constant abdominal pain
  5. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis

  1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
  2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
  3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
  4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine
  5. Infectious colitis: Caused due to certain bacterial or parasitic infections

Treatment for colitis

  1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
  2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control the diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
  3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
  4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3357 people found this helpful

Stomach Infection - Easy Tips To Help You Treat It!

Dr. Ritez Kumar 88% (686 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
Stomach Infection - Easy Tips To Help You Treat It!

Food is one of the most common ways of getting an infection, and so the stomach is more prone to infections than other body parts. Whether it is eating raw or uncooked foods or unhygienic foods, the stomach bears the brunt of one’s bad food practices. The only consoling factor is that it is equally easy to treat a stomach infection if some simple measures are adhered to.

Read on to know some of the easiest and most effective ways to treat a stomach infection.

  1. Drink it right: What you drink and how you drink makes a lot of difference to the way your stomach infection will respond. The vomiting, diarrhoea and sweating is robbing the body of a lot of fluids, and so replenishing this fluid along with minerals is very essential. Ensure you drink a lot of clear liquids like water, coconut water, clear soups, sports drinks, and other energy drinks. Electrolyte replacement can be added to improve their efficacy. Herbal teas like ginger tea and peppermint tea are highly recommended to soothe the stomach too. At the same time, avoid caffeine, strong black tea, alcohol, and chocolate as they are detrimental to the already affected stomach.
  2. Eat right: Even on a regular basis, you are what you eat. So, when your stomach is already infected, eating right assumes a lot more importance. Go easy on the stomach and give it something easy to digest, yet of high nutritional value. Banana, rice, apple, and toast (abbreviated as BRAT) is very easy and packs in good nutrition for the recovering stomach. Avoid a lot of fibres, fatty foods, greasy foods, sugars, and dairy products which are hard for the stomach to digest. Eat small meals, but eat a lot more frequently than you otherwise would.
  3. Rest well: With the body losing a lot of fluids and nutrition along with it, the body would naturally feel very tired and fatigued. Let the body run its course, and give it the rest it demands. In the next couple of days, once the virus has run its course, this will resolve.
  4. Medications: Stomach infection is usually caused by a virus, and so antibiotics do not play a curative role here. However, if you have high fever or body aches, Tylenol or acetaminophen can be used sparingly. If diarrhoea or vomiting is severe, loperamide or promethazine can also be used. However, this should be substituted with sufficient rest and nutrition (solid and liquids).

If these are not helping and you are not able to keep the food down, visit the doctor. Sometimes, a day or two in the hospital may be required for complete cure and recovery. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.

5138 people found this helpful

Irritable Bowel Syndrome - 6 Signs You Are Suffering from It!

Dr. Vishal Khurana 90% (20 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, MNAMS
Gastroenterologist, Faridabad
Irritable Bowel Syndrome - 6 Signs You Are Suffering from It!

A chronic condition, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the large intestine that exhibits symptoms such as bloating, abdominal cramps, gas and diarrhea. The symptoms of IBS can be controlled by making lifestyle changes such as incorporating certain modifications to your diet and reducing or managing stress levels. For severe symptoms, you may require medications.

Symptoms
The symptoms of IBS can vary; some of them are:

  1. Bloated stomach
  2. Abdominal cramps
  3. Flatulence
  4. Constipation or diarrhea
  5. Presence of mucus in the stool
  6. Some other severe symptoms of IBS include sudden loss of weight and rectal bleeding.

Causes
The exact cause of IBS is not known, but there are certain factors that may act as triggers. There are muscles lining the walls of the intestine that relax and contract in a proper rhythm, thus allowing the passage of food through the intestine. In case of IBS, these contractions tend to be irregular, resulting in gas, bloating and diarrhea.

Some of the factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Hormones: Hormonal changes can play a role in triggering IBS. For a woman, the symptoms can worsen during her menstrual cycles.
  2. Stress: Studies show that symptoms of IBS considerably increase if you are subject to increased stress levels over a prolonged period of time.
  3. Foods: Certain foods such as spices, chocolate, milk and broccoli can act as triggers.
  4. Other Disorders: In some cases, other underlying conditions such as bacterial overgrowth or infectious diarrhea can cause IBS.

Treatment
The initial step to manage the symptoms of this condition is to make prompt changes in your diet, such as eliminating spicy foods and dairy products, at least till the symptoms subside. It is advised to resort to medications only if the dietary changes fail to yield results.

The various treatments are:

  1. Anti-diarrheal Medications: Anti-diarrheal medication such as ‘loperamide’ is used to control and manage diarrhea.
  2. Fiber Supplements: Certain fiber supplements such as ‘methylcellulose’ and ‘psyllium’ can help in managing constipation.
  3. Antibiotics: Antibiotics are prescribed only if the symptoms result from bacterial overgrowth in the intestine. 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gastroenterologist.

2850 people found this helpful

Colitis - 5 Common Types!

Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao 86% (20 ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Colitis - 5 Common Types!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis
1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
2. Acute colitis can itself be a symptom of hemorrhoids (inflamed and swollen veins in the anus or the rectum)
3. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
4. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
5. Constant abdominal pain
6. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis
1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful

3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine
5. Infectious colitis: Caused due to certain bacterial or parasitic infections

Treatment for colitis
1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control the diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gastroenterologist.

3554 people found this helpful

Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis!

Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis

Homeopathic Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis
Psychotherapy Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis
Surgical Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis
Other Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis
What is Cryptosporidiosis
Symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis
Causes of Cryptosporidiosis
Risk factors of Cryptosporidiosis
Complications of Cryptosporidiosis
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis
Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis 

Homeopathic Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis

Homeopathy relieves complaints like fever, nausea, diarrhea and resist infection by improving immunity. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of cryptosporidiosis are:

Aloe
Gamb
China
Carb V
Crot T
Iris V
Podo

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis

Allopathic Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis includes the following medications:

Anti-parasitic drugs – nitazoxanide and Azithromycin
Anti-motility agents – loperamide and its derivatives

What is Cryptosporidiosis?

Cryptosporidiosis is a gastrointestinal disease whose primary symptom is diarrhea. It is also known as cryptosporidium infection. In most healthy people, a cryptosporidium infection produces a bout of watery diarrhea and the infection usually goes away within a week or two. But a cryptosporidium infection can become life-threatening without proper treatment.

Symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis

Fever
Nausea and Vomiting
Watery diarrhea
Dehydration
Weight loss
Stomach cramps or pain

Causes of Cryptosporidiosis

By swallowing water or beverages contaminated with stool from infected humans or animals
By eating uncooked food contaminated with Crypto
Swimming in water contaminated with cryptosporidium
Touching your hand to your mouth if your hand has been in contact with a contaminated surface or object
Having close contact with other infected people or animals
By exposure to human feces through sexual contact

Risk factors of Cryptosporidiosis

Parents of infected children
Child care workers
Animal handlers
Those who engage in oral-to-anal sexual activity
People traveling to developing countries
Swimmers who swallow water in pools, lakes and rivers
People who handle infected cattle
People who drink water from shallow, unprotected wells

Complications of Cryptosporidiosis

Malnutrition
weight loss
Severe dehydration
Inflammation of a bile duct
Inflammation of your gallbladder, liver or pancreas 

Diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis

Diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis involves the following tests:

Acid-staining test
Stool culture
Checking liver and gallbladder function

Precautions & Prevention of Cryptosporidiosis

Avoid fecal exposure during sexual activity
Wash your hands with soap and water after using the toilet, changing diapers, and before and after eating
Wash all fruits and raw vegetables before eating
Limit swimming activities in lakes, streams and public swimming pools
Handle newborn farm and domestic animals with care
Drink boiled or filtered water