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Hypothyroidism And Musculoskeletal Pain - Know More About Its Link!

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedic Doctor, Delhi
Hypothyroidism And Musculoskeletal Pain - Know More About Its Link!

Your thyroid glands are important to the body because it produces essential hormones. However, if you suffer from hypothyroidism, your thyroid glands will not be able to produce these hormones sufficiently.

In the early stages of hypothyroidism, you will not detect any noticeable changes in your body or health. However, if you do not start treatment for the condition, you will soon start to experience symptoms, such as obesity and infertility. Joint pain is another serious symptom of hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of musculoskeletal pain related to hypothyroidism-

Hypothyroidism can lead to a range of muscular and skeletal disorders in your body. Here are some musculoskeletal symptoms you are likely to experience if you suffer from hypothyroidism.

  • Painful and stiff muscles, which mainly affect your hip and shoulder region

  • Swelling across the joints of feet and hands

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome, where pressure on a nerve in your wrist causes pain and tingling across the entire arm

  • Stiffness and pain in the joints

Treating hypothyroidism related muscle and joint pain-

Over-the-counter pain medications help deal with the pain and the swelling. However, they are a temporary solution for the discomfort. Treating hypothyroidism is the best way to reduce your pain and discomfort.

Your doctor will prescribe a levothyroxine supplement, which is a synthetic hormone. This medicine will rectify the imbalance in your hormone levels, which in turn will reduce pain in your muscles and joints. Apart from the joint pain, the medication will also lower your elevated cholesterol levels from hypothyroidism.

How to get the best results from the medication-

If you consume certain foods, supplements and medication while being on levothyroxine, the drug may not work effectively. Here is a look at some things to avoid when you are on the medication.

For the best effects, you need to consume the hypothyroidism medication on an empty stomach. Your doctor will likely advise you to take the medicine first thing in the morning and then wait about an hour before having your meal. In some cases, you may need to take the drug before going to bed. However, ensure you consume the medicine at least 4 hours after the last meal for the day.

1849 people found this helpful

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - How To Handle It?

Dr.Prashant Saxena 87% (55ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MD - Physician
General Surgeon, Dehradun
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - How To Handle It?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is also called as acid reflux. It is a long-term digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter, the ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach which causes the stomach contents to come back up into the esophagus resulting in either symptoms or complications. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is mild acid reflux that occurs at least twice a week or moderate-to-severe acid reflux which occurs at least once a week.

Epidemiology

In western populations, GERD affects approximately 10% to 20% of the population and 0.4% newly develop the condition. In developed nations, the prevalence rate of GERD is associated with age; with adults aged 60 to 70 being the most commonly affected.

Signs and Symptoms

Esophageal symptoms include:

  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation of food or sour liquid
  • Dysphagia
  • Sensation of a lump in the throat

Extraesophageal symptoms include:

Risk Factors

  1. Obesity
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Hiatus hernia
  4. Scleroderma and systemic sclerosis
  5. The use of medicines such as prednisolone
  6. Delayed stomach emptying Zollinger-Ellison syndrome which can show an increase in gastric acidity because of gastrin production
  7. A high blood calcium level which can increase gastrin production, leading to increased acidity
  8. Visceroptosis or Glénard syndrome, in which the stomach has sunk in the abdomen upsetting the motility and acid secretion of the stomach.

Factors that can increase acid reflux involve:

  • Smoking habit
  • Eating heavy meals or eating late at night
  • Eating fatty or fried foods
  • Drinking certain beverages, such as alcohol or coffee
  • Medications, such as aspirin
  • Tight clothes
  • Increased intra-abdominal pressure

Differential Diagnosis

  1. Heart disease causing chest pain
  2. Laryngopharyngeal reflux OR extraesophageal reflux disease
  3. Infection
  4. Peptic ulcer
  5. Esophageal spasm

Complications

  1. Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture): Stomach acid causes the formation of a scar tissue which narrows the food pathway.
  2. An open sore in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer): Acid causes an open sore which bleeds, causes pain, and makes swallowing difficult.
  3. Precancerous changes in the esophagus (Barrett's esophagus): Damage from acid can cause changes in the tissue lining the lower esophagus
  4. Anemia

How to arrive at the diagnosis?

  1. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy/esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  2. Esophageal manometry
  3. Ambulatory 24-hour pH monitoring

Treatment

The goals of treatment are controlling symptoms, healing esophagitis, and prevention of recurrent esophagitis or other complications.

Lifestyle modifications include the following:

  1. Losing weight (if overweight)
  2. Eating small and frequent meals instead of large meals
  3. Waiting 3 hours after a meal to lie down
  4. Elevating the head end of the bed by 8 inches
  5. Avoiding bending or stooping positions

Medications

Surgery

  • Transthoracic and transabdominal fundoplication
  • Placement of a device to augment the lower esophageal sphincter
2665 people found this helpful

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - Know Risk Factors Of It!

Dr.Piyush Ranjan 86% (27ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, DNB (Medical), MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - Know Risk Factors Of It!

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is also called as acid reflux. It is a long-term digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter, the ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach which causes the stomach contents to come back up into the esophagus resulting in either symptoms or complications. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is mild acid reflux that occurs at least twice a week or moderate-to-severe acid reflux which occurs at least once a week.

Epidemiology

In western populations, GERD affects approximately 10% to 20% of the population and 0.4% newly develop the condition. In developed nations, the prevalence rate of GERD is associated with age; with adults aged 60 to 70 being the most commonly affected.

Signs and Symptoms

Esophageal symptoms include:

  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation of food or sour liquid
  • Dysphagia
  • Sensation of a lump in the throat

Extraesophageal symptoms include:

  1. Coughing and/or wheezing
  2. Hoarseness, sore throat, or
  3. Otitis media
  4. Noncardiac chest pain
  5. Enamel erosion or other dental manifestations
  6. New or worsening asthma
  7. Disrupted sleep

Risk Factors

  1. Obesity
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Hiatus hernia
  4. Scleroderma and systemic sclerosis
  5. The use of medicines such as prednisolone
  6. Delayed stomach emptying Zollinger-Ellison syndrome which can show an increase in gastric acidity because of gastrin production
  7. A high blood calcium level which can increase gastrin production, leading to increased acidity
  8. Visceroptosis or Glénard syndrome, in which the stomach has sunk in the abdomen upsetting the motility and acid secretion of the stomach.

Factors that can increase acid reflux involve:

  1. Smoking habit
  2. Eating heavy meals or eating late at night
  3. Eating fatty or fried foods
  4. Drinking certain beverages, such as alcohol or coffee
  5. Medications, such as aspirin
  6. Tight clothes
  7. Increased intra-abdominal pressure

Differential Diagnosis

  1. Heart disease causing chest pain
  2. Laryngopharyngeal reflux OR extraesophageal reflux disease
  3. Infection
  4. Peptic ulcer
  5. Esophageal spasm

Complications

  1. Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture): Stomach acid causes the formation of a scar tissue which narrows the food pathway.
  2. An open sore in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer): Acid causes an open sore which bleeds, causes pain, and makes swallowing difficult.
  3. Precancerous changes in the esophagus (Barrett's esophagus): Damage from acid can cause changes in the tissue lining the lower esophagus
  4. Anemia

How to arrive at the diagnosis?

  • Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy/esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  • Esophageal manometry
  • Ambulatory 24-hour pH monitoring

Treatment

The goals of treatment are controlling symptoms, healing esophagitis, and prevention of recurrent esophagitis or other complications. Lifestyle modifications include the following:

  • Losing weight (if overweight)
  • Eating small and frequent meals instead of large meals
  • Waiting 3 hours after a meal to lie down
  • Elevating the head end of the bed by 8 inches
  • Avoiding bending or stooping positions

Medications

  1. H2 receptor antagonists (ranitidine, cimetidine)
  2. Proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole, pantoprazole)
  3. Prokinetic agents (aluminium hydroxide)
  4. Antacids (magnesium hydroxide)

Surgery

  1. Transthoracic and transabdominal fundoplication
  2. Placement of a device to augment the lower esophageal sphincter
1335 people found this helpful

6 Symptoms Of Constipation And Its Prevention!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Chennai
6 Symptoms Of Constipation And Its Prevention!

Constipation by itself is not a disease but it a condition in which your bowel movement is infrequent and the stools are hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation happens to most of us at one time or the other and then it goes away naturally. Chronic constipation is constipation which is long-term and it usually signals a deep-rooted medical problem which requires intervention.

Symptom of constipation
While fewer bowel movements is a foremost symptom of constipation, other common symptoms are-

  1. Trouble passing stools
  2. Pellet-like hard or small stools
  3. A sense of being full even after a bowel movement
  4. Flatulence, swollen belly
  5. Belly pain
  6. Throwing up

Causes
Medicines like antacids that contain calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in your lifestyle and usual diet like travelling
  2. Having too much of dairy
  3. Colon cancer
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  6. Neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactive lifestyle
  8. Less water and fibre in diet
  9. Overusing laxatives
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Problems with the muscles and nerves in the digestive system
  12. Drugs like pain medications and narcotics, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

What should you do?
Constipation can be handled by taking simple steps like:

  1. Drinking four extra glasses of water a day over your normal intake.
  2. Drinking warm water in the morning.
  3. Adding more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. Eating more bran cereal and brown rice.
  5. You can use a very mild over-the-counter stool softener and laxatives like magnesium hydroxide. But take care to not use them for more than two weeks at a time. If you don’t get any relief, it’s time to call your doctor.

You should not wait to consult a doctor, however, if you have sudden constipation with abdominal pain or extreme cramping and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.
Also, call your doctor if:

  • Constipation happens out of the blue and is not a new problem for you.
  • You see blood in your stool.
  • You are losing weight.
  • You are experiencing severe pain during bowel movements.
  • Your constipation is more than two weeks old.
  • You are getting pencil-thin stools.

Diagnosis
The following tests are recommended to unearth the reasons behind chronic constipation:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels
  • Barium studies a kind of test which looks for blockages in your colon
  • Colonoscopy which again looks for blockages in your colon

A type of constipation which is due to pelvic floor /outlet dysfunction. This may need biofeedback therapy. At times some kind of minor surgery

Prevention
Constipation really is very amenable to diet and lifestyle changes. Eat a well-balanced diet and go for light, regular exercise to prevent chronic constipation. Also, drink two quarts of water every day to keep yourself regular.

3384 people found this helpful

Constipation - Common Reasons Behind It!

MBBS, DNB - Internal Medicine, DNB - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Constipation - Common Reasons Behind It!

Constipation by itself is not a disease but it a condition in which your bowel movement is infrequent and the stools are hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation happens to most of us at one time or the other and then it goes away naturally. Chronic constipation is constipation which is long-term and it usually signals a deep-rooted medical problem which requires intervention.

Symptom of constipation
While fewer bowel movements is a foremost symptom of constipation, other common symptoms are-

  1. Trouble passing stools
  2. Pellet-like hard or small stools
  3. A sense of being full even after a bowel movement
  4. Flatulence, swollen belly
  5. Belly pain
  6. Throwing up

Causes
Medicines like antacids that contain calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in your lifestyle and usual diet like travelling
  2. Having too much of dairy
  3. Colon cancer
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  6. Neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactive lifestyle
  8. Less water and fibre in diet
  9. Overusing laxatives
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Problems with the muscles and nerves in the digestive system
  12. Drugs like pain medications and narcotics, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

What should you do?
Constipation can be handled by taking simple steps like:

  1. Drinking four extra glasses of water a day over your normal intake.
  2. Drinking warm water in the morning.
  3. Adding more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. Eating more bran cereal and brown rice.
  5. You can use a very mild over-the-counter stool softener and laxatives like magnesium hydroxide. But take care to not use them for more than two weeks at a time. If you don’t get any relief, it’s time to call your doctor.

You should not wait to consult a doctor, however, if you have sudden constipation with abdominal pain or extreme cramping and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.
Also, call your doctor if:

  • Constipation happens out of the blue and is not a new problem for you.
  • You see blood in your stool.
  • You are losing weight.
  • You are experiencing severe pain during bowel movements.
  • Your constipation is more than two weeks old.
  • You are getting pencil-thin stools.

Diagnosis
The following tests are recommended to unearth the reasons behind chronic constipation:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels
  • Barium studies a kind of test which looks for blockages in your colon
  • Colonoscopy which again looks for blockages in your colon

A type of constipation which is due to pelvic floor /outlet dysfunction. This may need biofeedback therapy. At times some kind of minor surgery

Prevention
Constipation really is very amenable to diet and lifestyle changes. Eat a well-balanced diet and go for light, regular exercise to prevent chronic constipation. Also, drink two quarts of water every day to keep yourself regular.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1906 people found this helpful

Constipation - Know About It In Detail!

Dr.Jagdish Kaswan 90% (51ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB- Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Sri Ganganagar
Constipation - Know About It In Detail!

Constipation by itself is not a disease but it a condition in which your bowel movement is infrequent and the stools are hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation happens to most of us at one time or the other and then it goes away naturally. Chronic constipation is constipation which is long-term and it usually signals a deep-rooted medical problem which requires intervention.

Symptom of constipation
While fewer bowel movements is a foremost symptom of constipation, other common symptoms are-

  1. Trouble passing stools
  2. Pellet-like hard or small stools
  3. A sense of being full even after a bowel movement
  4. Flatulence, swollen belly
  5. Belly pain
  6. Throwing up

Causes
Medicines like antacids that contain calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in your lifestyle and usual diet like travelling
  2. Having too much of dairy
  3. Colon cancer
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  6. Neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactive lifestyle
  8. Less water and fibre in the diet
  9. Overusing laxatives
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Problems with the muscles and nerves in the digestive system
  12. Drugs like pain medications and narcotics, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

What should you do?
Constipation can be handled by taking simple steps like:

  1. Drinking four extra glasses of water a day over your normal intake.
  2. Drinking warm water in the morning.
  3. Adding more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. Eating more bran cereal and brown rice.
  5. You can use a very mild over-the-counter stool softener and laxatives like magnesium hydroxide. But take care to not use them for more than two weeks at a time. If you don’t get any relief, it’s time to call your doctor.

You should not wait to consult a doctor, however, if you have sudden constipation with abdominal pain or extreme cramping and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.
Also, call your doctor if:

  • Constipation happens out of the blue and is not a new problem for you.
  • You see blood in your stool.
  • You are losing weight.
  • You are experiencing severe pain during bowel movements.
  • Your constipation is more than two weeks old.
  • You are getting pencil-thin stools.

Diagnosis
The following tests are recommended to unearth the reasons behind chronic constipation:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels
  • Barium studies a kind of test which looks for blockages in your colon
  • Colonoscopy which again looks for blockages in your colon

A type of constipation which is due to pelvic floor /outlet dysfunction. This may need biofeedback therapy. At times some kind of minor surgery

Prevention
Constipation really is very amenable to diet and lifestyle changes. Eat a well-balanced diet and go for light, regular exercise to prevent chronic constipation. Also, drink two quarts of water every day to keep yourself regular.

1601 people found this helpful

Constipation - What Causes It?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Constipation - What Causes It?

Constipation by itself is not a disease but it a condition in which your bowel movement is infrequent and the stools are hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation happens to most of us at one time or the other and then it goes away naturally. Chronic constipation is constipation which is long-term and it usually signals a deep-rooted medical problem which requires intervention.

Symptom of constipation
While fewer bowel movements is a foremost symptom of constipation, other common symptoms are-

  1. Trouble passing stools
  2. Pellet-like hard or small stools
  3. A sense of being full even after a bowel movement
  4. Flatulence, swollen belly
  5. Belly pain
  6. Throwing up

Causes
Medicines like antacids that contain calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in your lifestyle and usual diet like travelling
  2. Having too much of dairy
  3. Colon cancer
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  6. Neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactive lifestyle
  8. Less water and fibre in diet
  9. Overusing laxatives
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Problems with the muscles and nerves in the digestive system
  12. Drugs like pain medications and narcotics, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

What should you do?
Constipation can be handled by taking simple steps like:

  1. Drinking four extra glasses of water a day over your normal intake.
  2. Drinking warm water in the morning.
  3. Adding more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. Eating more bran cereal and brown rice.
  5. You can use a very mild over-the-counter stool softener and laxatives like magnesium hydroxide. But take care to not use them for more than two weeks at a time. If you don’t get any relief, it’s time to call your doctor.

You should not wait to consult a doctor, however, if you have sudden constipation with abdominal pain or extreme cramping and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.
Also, call your doctor if:

  • Constipation happens out of the blue and is not a new problem for you.
  • You see blood in your stool.
  • You are losing weight.
  • You are experiencing severe pain during bowel movements.
  • Your constipation is more than two weeks old.
  • You are getting pencil-thin stools.

Diagnosis
The following tests are recommended to unearth the reasons behind chronic constipation:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels
  • Barium studies a kind of test which looks for blockages in your colon
  • Colonoscopy which again looks for blockages in your colon

A type of constipation which is due to pelvic floor /outlet dysfunction. This may need biofeedback therapy. At times some kind of minor surgery

Prevention
Constipation really is very amenable to diet and lifestyle changes. Eat a well-balanced diet and go for light, regular exercise to prevent chronic constipation. Also, drink two quarts of water every day to keep yourself regular.

2140 people found this helpful

Constipation - What Are The Most Common Reasons Of It?

Dr.Srishail Chiniwalar 89% (98ratings)
DNB ( Surgical Gastroenterology), Membership of The Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Constipation - What Are The Most Common Reasons Of It?

Constipation by itself is not a disease but it a condition in which your bowel movement is infrequent and the stools are hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation happens to most of us at one time or the other and then it goes away naturally. Chronic constipation is constipation which is long-term and it usually signals a deep-rooted medical problem which requires intervention.

Symptom of constipation
While fewer bowel movements is a foremost symptom of constipation, other common symptoms are-

  1. Trouble passing stools
  2. Pellet-like hard or small stools
  3. A sense of being full even after a bowel movement
  4. Flatulence, swollen belly
  5. Belly pain
  6. Throwing up

Causes
Medicines like antacids that contain calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in your lifestyle and usual diet like travelling
  2. Having too much of dairy
  3. Colon cancer
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  6. Neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactive lifestyle
  8. Less water and fibre in diet
  9. Overusing laxatives
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Problems with the muscles and nerves in the digestive system
  12. Drugs like pain medications and narcotics, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

What should you do?
Constipation can be handled by taking simple steps like:

  1. Drinking four extra glasses of water a day over your normal intake.
  2. Drinking warm water in the morning.
  3. Adding more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. Eating more bran cereal and brown rice.
  5. You can use a very mild over-the-counter stool softener and laxatives like magnesium hydroxide. But take care to not use them for more than two weeks at a time. If you don’t get any relief, it’s time to call your doctor.

You should not wait to consult a doctor, however, if you have sudden constipation with abdominal pain or extreme cramping and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.
Also, call your doctor if:

  • Constipation happens out of the blue and is not a new problem for you.
  • You see blood in your stool.
  • You are losing weight.
  • You are experiencing severe pain during bowel movements.
  • Your constipation is more than two weeks old.
  • You are getting pencil-thin stools.

Diagnosis
The following tests are recommended to unearth the reasons behind chronic constipation:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels
  • Barium studies a kind of test which looks for blockages in your colon
  • Colonoscopy which again looks for blockages in your colon

A type of constipation which is due to pelvic floor /outlet dysfunction. This may need biofeedback therapy. At times some kind of minor surgery

Prevention
Constipation really is very amenable to diet and lifestyle changes. Eat a well-balanced diet and go for light, regular exercise to prevent chronic constipation. Also, drink two quarts of water every day to keep yourself regular.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1873 people found this helpful

Constipation - Know The Reasons Behind It!

MBBS , DNB MEDICINE, DM GASTRO
Gastroenterologist, Bhopal
Constipation - Know The Reasons Behind It!

Constipation by itself is not a disease but it a condition in which your bowel movement is infrequent and the stools are hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation happens to most of us at one time or the other and then it goes away naturally. Chronic constipation is constipation which is long-term and it usually signals a deep-rooted medical problem which requires intervention.

Symptom of constipation
While fewer bowel movements is a foremost symptom of constipation, other common symptoms are-

  1. Trouble passing stools
  2. Pellet-like hard or small stools
  3. A sense of being full even after a bowel movement
  4. Flatulence, swollen belly
  5. Belly pain
  6. Throwing up

Causes
Medicines like antacids that contain calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in your lifestyle and usual diet like travelling
  2. Having too much of dairy
  3. Colon cancer
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  6. Neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactive lifestyle
  8. Less water and fibre in diet
  9. Overusing laxatives
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Problems with the muscles and nerves in the digestive system
  12. Drugs like pain medications and narcotics, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

What should you do?
Constipation can be handled by taking simple steps like:

  1. Drinking four extra glasses of water a day over your normal intake.
  2. Drinking warm water in the morning.
  3. Adding more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. Eating more bran cereal and brown rice.
  5. You can use a very mild over-the-counter stool softener and laxatives like magnesium hydroxide. But take care to not use them for more than two weeks at a time. If you don’t get any relief, it’s time to call your doctor.

You should not wait to consult a doctor, however, if you have sudden constipation with abdominal pain or extreme cramping and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.
Also, call your doctor if:

  • Constipation happens out of the blue and is not a new problem for you.
  • You see blood in your stool.
  • You are losing weight.
  • You are experiencing severe pain during bowel movements.
  • Your constipation is more than two weeks old.
  • You are getting pencil-thin stools.

Diagnosis
The following tests are recommended to unearth the reasons behind chronic constipation:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels
  • Barium studies a kind of test which looks for blockages in your colon
  • Colonoscopy which again looks for blockages in your colon

A type of constipation which is due to pelvic floor /outlet dysfunction. This may need biofeedback therapy. At times some kind of minor surgery

Prevention
Constipation really is very amenable to diet and lifestyle changes. Eat a well-balanced diet and go for light, regular exercise to prevent chronic constipation. Also, drink two quarts of water every day to keep yourself regular.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1915 people found this helpful

Constipation - What Can You Do To Get Rid Of It?

Dr.Jaikish Jayaraj 88% (45ratings)
M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MS (General Surgery), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MRCPS, Fellowship Of International Medical Sciences Academy (FIMSA)
Gastroenterologist, Calicut
Constipation - What Can You Do To Get Rid Of It?

We are seeing a veritable explosion of constipation in the world. Most people will experience some constipation in their lives but it’s when the problem gets chronic or is accompanied by pain and /or blood in stools, that it should ring alarm bells for sure. Being constipated means that your bowel movements don’t happen normally. But, what’s normal? We know that the normal length of time between bowel movements varies widely from person to person. Some people go to the loo three times a day and that’s normal for them. In general, not clearing your bowels for more than three days is usually considered too long. The stool also becomes hard and difficult to pass after three days.

Symptoms

  1. Fewer bowel movements
  2. Trouble passing stools
  3. Hard stools
  4. Feeling full even after passing stools
  5. Flatulence and belly pain
  6. Vomiting

Causes
Having too many antacid medicines, especially those containing calcium or aluminium

  1. Changes in lifestyle including diet and usual activities
  2. Colon cancer
  3. Dairy products
  4. Eating disorders
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome
  6. Neurological problems like Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis
  7. Inactivity
  8. Having less water or fibre in diet
  9. Laxative overuse
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Nerve and muscle problems in the digestive system like due to fibromyalgia
  12. Medications like NSAIDS, drugs, antidepressants, or iron pills
  13. Stress
  14. Hypothyroidism

Treatment

  1. Drink more water consciously- Drink two to four extra glasses of water a day.
  2. Drink warm liquids, especially after getting up in the morning.
  3. Add more fibre to your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
  4. You can use a mild over-the-counter stool softener like docusate or a laxative like magnesium hydroxide, but for not more than two weeks.
  5. Call your doctor if you have a sudden attack of constipation with abdominal pain and you aren’t able to pass any gas or stool.

Other ways to get rid of constipation are

  1. Eat a well- balanced diet with enough fibre. Eat bran and multi-grain bread instead of white bread. Cut out processed foods from your diet. Eat regularly.
  2. Drink 1 1/2 to litres of water and other fluids a day.
  3. Avoid caffeine found in tea, coffee and soft drinks. This can exasperate constipation
  4. Cut back on dairy, especially milk.
  5. Exercise regularly. Just 30 minutes of walking or some activity can manage constipation.
  6. Don’t hold back from going to the bathroom when you feel the urge.
  7. Eat more vitamin B 12. Sometimes lack of this vitamin can cause constipation. A deficiency can also make you tired, weak and nervous.
  8. Stress is a big cause for constipation. Be sure to nix it as it causes changes in the body that cause problems in your body like constipation.
  9. The gastrointestinal system is especially sensitive to stress so anything meditative like Tai chi, yoga or listening to music can be a big relief.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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