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Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Tuleeka Sethi 93% (20 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

In a healthy individual, there are millions of microorganisms in different parts of the body which are essential for normal functioning of that particular organ. Be it the mouth or the gut or the reproductive tract, there are normally organisms. These form part of the normal flora of that body part. It is when there is an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria, where the bad ones take over, then there is a problem. This results in an infection, which manifests with symptoms and requires treatment.

Vaginal yeast infection is one of the most common such conditions and almost 75% of the women would have had it at least once in their lifetime. It is most commonly caused by the yeast Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Though it can be sexually transmitted, it is not a usual STD.

Causes: The vagina also contains the bacteria Lactobacillus, which produces acid and is essential for maintaining an acidic environment. This acidic environment ensures there is no overgrowth of the yeast. For various reasons, this balance is lost and there is an overgrowth of yeast leading to vaginal yeast infections. Some of the common causes are listed below.

  • Antibiotic usage, which kills the Lactobacillus count and increases vaginal pH
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Weakened immunity due to various reasons
  • Pregnancy
  • Increased levels of oestrogen due to use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms: The symptoms would depend on the severity of the infection.

  • Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation
  • Vulvar swelling, irritation, and redness
  • Burning sensation with urination or intercourse
  • Vaginal rash
  • Vaginal soreness and pain
  • Vaginal discharge that can be thick or thin, white or clear, odor-free or foul-smelling

In cases of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, there could be more than 4 infections per year along with extensive burning and itching and swelling that could even lead to cracks and fissures.

Diagnosis: Though the symptoms can be helpful in diagnosis, sometimes a pelvic exam and swab of the vaginal discharge might be required to confirm the diagnosis. This is especially required in cases of repeated infections. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2423 people found this helpful

Signs & Symptoms Of Vaginal Yeast Infections You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Mangala Devi 92% (29 ratings)
MBBS, MS(OBG), Certified IVF Specialist
IVF Specialist, Bangalore
Signs & Symptoms Of Vaginal Yeast Infections You Must Be Aware Of!

In a healthy individual, there are millions of microorganisms in different parts of the body which are essential for normal functioning of that particular organ. Be it the mouth or the gut or the reproductive tract, there are normally organisms. These form part of the normal flora of that body part. It is when there is an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria, where the bad ones take over, then there is a problem. This results in an infection, which manifests with symptoms and requires treatment.

Vaginal yeast infection is one of the most common such conditions and almost 75% of the women would have had it at least once in their lifetime. It is most commonly caused by the yeast Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Though it can be sexually transmitted, it is not a usual STD.

Causes: The vagina also contains the bacteria Lactobacillus, which produces acid and is essential for maintaining an acidic environment. This acidic environment ensures there is no overgrowth of the yeast. For various reasons, this balance is lost and there is an overgrowth of yeast leading to vaginal yeast infections. Some of the common causes are listed below.

  • Antibiotic usage, which kills the Lactobacillus count and increases vaginal pH
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Weakened immunity due to various reasons
  • Pregnancy
  • Increased levels of oestrogen due to use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms: The symptoms would depend on the severity of the infection.

  • Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation
  • Vulvar swelling, irritation, and redness
  • Burning sensation with urination or intercourse
  • Vaginal rash
  • Vaginal soreness and pain
  • Vaginal discharge that can be thick or thin, white or clear, odor-free or foul-smelling

In cases of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, there could be more than 4 infections per year along with extensive burning and itching and swelling that could even lead to cracks and fissures.

Diagnosis: Though the symptoms can be helpful in diagnosis, sometimes a pelvic exam and swab of the vaginal discharge might be required to confirm the diagnosis. This is especially required in cases of repeated infections.

4258 people found this helpful

Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Should Never Ignore!

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Fellowship in USG, Laprascopic Training Infertility
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Should Never Ignore!

In a healthy individual, there are millions of microorganisms in different parts of the body which are essential for normal functioning of that particular organ. Be it the mouth or the gut or the reproductive tract, there are normally organisms. These form part of the normal flora of that body part. It is when there is an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria, where the bad ones take over, then there is a problem. This results in an infection, which manifests with symptoms and requires treatment.

Vaginal yeast infection is one of the most common such conditions and almost 75% of the women would have had it at least once in their lifetime. It is most commonly caused by the yeast Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Though it can be sexually transmitted, it is not a usual STD.

Causes: The vagina also contains the bacteria Lactobacillus, which produces acid and is essential for maintaining an acidic environment. This acidic environment ensures there is no overgrowth of the yeast. For various reasons, this balance is lost and there is an overgrowth of yeast leading to vaginal yeast infections. Some of the common causes are listed below.

  • Antibiotic usage, which kills the Lactobacillus count and increases vaginal pH
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Weakened immunity due to various reasons
  • Pregnancy
  • Increased levels of oestrogen due to use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms: The symptoms would depend on the severity of the infection:

  • Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation
  • Vulvar swelling, irritation, and redness
  • Burning sensation with urination or intercourse
  • Vaginal rash
  • Vaginal soreness and pain
  • Vaginal discharge that can be thick or thin, white or clear, odor-free or foul-smelling

In cases of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, there could be more than 4 infections per year along with extensive burning and itching and swelling that could even lead to cracks and fissures.

Diagnosis: Though the symptoms can be helpful in diagnosis, sometimes a pelvic exam and swab of the vaginal discharge might be required to confirm the diagnosis. This is especially required in cases of repeated infections.

1894 people found this helpful

Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Sagar Bumb 90% (43 ratings)
DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

In a healthy individual, there are millions of microorganisms in different parts of the body which are essential for normal functioning of that particular organ. Be it the mouth or the gut or the reproductive tract, there are normally organisms. These form part of the normal flora of that body part. It is when there is an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria, where the bad ones take over, then there is a problem. This results in an infection, which manifests with symptoms and requires treatment.

Vaginal yeast infection is one of the most common such conditions and almost 75% of the women would have had it at least once in their lifetime. It is most commonly caused by the yeast Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Though it can be sexually transmitted, it is not a usual STD.

Causes: The vagina also contains the bacteria Lactobacillus, which produces acid and is essential for maintaining an acidic environment. This acidic environment ensures there is no overgrowth of the yeast. For various reasons, this balance is lost and there is an overgrowth of yeast leading to vaginal yeast infections. Some of the common causes are listed below.

  • Antibiotic usage, which kills the Lactobacillus count and increases vaginal pH
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Weakened immunity due to various reasons
  • Pregnancy
  • Increased levels of oestrogen due to use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms: The symptoms would depend on the severity of the infection.

  • Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation
  • Vulvar swelling, irritation, and redness
  • Burning sensation with urination or intercourse
  • Vaginal rash
  • Vaginal soreness and pain
  • Vaginal discharge that can be thick or thin, white or clear, odor-free or foul-smelling

In cases of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, there could be more than 4 infections per year along with extensive burning and itching and swelling that could even lead to cracks and fissures.

Diagnosis: Though the symptoms can be helpful in diagnosis, sometimes a pelvic exam and swab of the vaginal discharge might be required to confirm the diagnosis. This is especially required in cases of repeated infections.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4966 people found this helpful

Pencillin Allergy - Signs & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Dr. Saibal Moitra 87% (176 ratings)
MBBS, MD Respiratory Medicine, Ph.D - Physiology, FCCP (USA), DAA
Allergist/Immunologist, Kolkata
Pencillin Allergy - Signs & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Necessity is the mother of invention. Ironically, accidents to end up in discoveries. Sir Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered Penicillin in 1928. After many years of research and experiments, Penicillin eventually came into use during World War II. Though it’s believed to be a blessing, it has opened the doors for various allergic reactions and bacterial resistance over the period of time. About 10% of people report allergies to Penicillin, wherein more than 90% of these patients are found not to be allergic to Penicillin after skin testing.

Reactions to Penicillin:
Penicillin belongs to a family of antibiotics known as beta-lactams which also comprises of Penicillin G, Cloxacillin, Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Piperacillin, and many more which are believed to be effective in eradicating common bacterial infections and relatively inexpensive.

The major problem in the use of Penicillin is hypersensitivity reactions. Your immune system can work wonders when encountered with any foreign body (antigen) by producing its antibody, which fights against the antigen. When your body is attacked by bacteria the lymphocytes (T-Cells) trigger the production of antibodies (immunoglobulin) to fight against the bacteria. However, in some people Penicillin administration can be considered as an invader and their immune system produces antibodies against it, thereby resulting in allergic reactions.

Acute and Sub - acute reactions:
You can observe two clinical pictures resulting from penicillin allergy:
Acute allergic reaction:

  • Mediated by IgE(Immunoglobulin E) antibodies as a result of previous exposure.
  • Arises immediately within minutes to an hour or two.
  • Results in release of histamine and other mediators from mast cells.

Sub-Acute allergic reaction:

  • Mediated by IgG (Immunoglobulin G) antibodies.
  • Occurs 7 to 10 days after Penicillin treatment.
  • Results in the activation of the complement reactions producing inflammation.

Risk factors for IgE mediated reaction:

  • Frequent or repetitive courses of Penicillin.
  • High dose parenteral (rather than oral) administration.
  • A history of other allergies, such as food allergy or hay fever.
  • Certain illness commonly associated with allergic drug reactions, such as infection with HIV or Epstein - Barr virus.

Watch out for:
While people are taking a Penicillin medication several different rashes can appear:

  • Hives:
    • Suggest a true allergy.
    • Raised and intensely itchy spots.
    • Come and go over hours.
    • Occur with other allergic symptoms like wheezing or swelling of the skin or throat.
  • Rashes:
    • Typically start after several days of treatment.
    • Flat, blotchy and non-itchy.
    • Spread over days but do not change by the hour.
    • Unlikely to be the result of a dangerous allergy.
  • Anaphylaxis:
    • Very rare but life-threatening condition.
    • Causes the widespread dysfunction of the body systems.
  • Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

Other conditions resulting from Penicillin allergy:

  • Serum sickness
  • Drug induced anemia
  • Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms(DRESS)
  • Inflammation of the kidneys (nephritis)

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3896 people found this helpful

Is Actinomycosis Contagious? How Can It Be Treated?

Dr. Nitin Jain 88% (284 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Is Actinomycosis Contagious? How Can It Be Treated?

Actinomycosis is a chronic disease that causes bruises or scars in the body's soft tissues. Actinomycosis is typically found in the:

  • Mouth
  • Nose
  • Throat
  • Lungs
  • Stomach
  • Intestines

Actinomycosis once in a while shows up in other parts of the body. However, it can spread from the underlying affected area to different parts of the body if any sickness or a disease harms your tissue. Actinomycosis is not infectious. It is essentially found in the tropical regions of the world.

Some of the most common side-effects of actinomycosis are:

  • High fever
  • Weight reduction
  • Bumps on the neck or face
  • Depleting bruises on the skin
  • Overabundance of sinus flow
  • Coughing
  • Chest pain

Anti-toxins are the essential treatment for actinomycosis. High amounts of penicillin are normally necessary to cure the infection. In case you are hypersensitive to penicillin, your specialist can give you different antimicrobials, for example,

It can take up to a year for the anti-toxins to totally cure the infection. Any skin eruptions, or bumps, from the contamination, should be taken care of or removed. In case that you have actinomycosis because of the utilization of an IUD(intra-uterine device), the gadget needs to be expelled to contain the advancement of the disease. Inform your specialist quickly in case you have side effects of actinomycosis. Early, forceful treatment diminishes your probability of growing long-term implications and requirement of surgery. The treatments are as follows:


High-dosage penicillin regulated over a drawn-out period (six months to one year) is the basis of treatment for actinomycosis. These symptoms were produced when patients with actinomycosis were commonly late over the span of sickness with extensive injuries. They frequently accepted discontinuous anti-infection treatment.
What is more is the advanced imaging devices were not accessible to screen treatment. Accomplishment with shorter courses of treatment (less than six months) has been accounted for, particularly in cervicofacial actinomycosis.

 

Anti-infection agents that have no action against Actinomyces species include metronidazole, aminoglycosides, aztreonam, co-trimoxazole (TMP-SMX), penicillinase-safe penicillins (eg, methicillin, nafcillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin), and cephalexin.

  • Penicillin G (Pfizerpen, Bicillin). It is one of the best treatments for actinomycosis. It reacts with the cell synthesis called the mucopeptide during active multiplication, bringing about the bactericidal movement against helpless bacteria and thus eliminating them.
  • Doxycycline (Bio-Tab, Doryx, Vibramycin).For non-pregnant patients with penicillin sensitivity, it hinders protein combination and, along these lines, bacterial development by authoritative to 30S and perhaps 50S ribosomal subunits of defenseless bacterial organisms.
  • Clindamycin (Cleocin). Suggested for patients with hypersensitive to penicillin, Lincosamide hinders bacterial development, by blocking separation of peptidyl t-RNA from ribosomes. This brings about RNA-subordinate protein synthesis to an arrest. Disadvantage of this is the absence of coverage against some surrounding bacteria.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5572 people found this helpful

Pencillin Allergy - What Is It & What Are The Symptoms?

Dr. Molly Joseph 90% (120 ratings)
Diploma In Allergy & Clinical Immunology, MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, M.Med - Family Medicine
Allergist/Immunologist, Kochi
Pencillin Allergy - What Is It & What Are The Symptoms?

Necessity is the mother of invention. Ironically, accidents to end up in discoveries. Sir Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered Penicillin in 1928. After many years of research and experiments, Penicillin eventually came into use during World War II. Though it’s believed to be a blessing, it has opened the doors for various allergic reactions and bacterial resistance over the period of time. About 10% of people report allergies to Penicillin, wherein more than 90% of these patients are found not to be allergic to Penicillin after skin testing.

Reactions to Penicillin:
Penicillin belongs to a family of antibiotics known as beta-lactams which also comprises of Penicillin G, Cloxacillin, Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Piperacillin, and many more which are believed to be effective in eradicating common bacterial infections and relatively inexpensive.

The major problem in the use of Penicillin is hypersensitivity reactions. Your immune system can work wonders when encountered with any foreign body (antigen) by producing its antibody, which fights against the antigen. When your body is attacked by bacteria the lymphocytes (T-Cells) trigger the production of antibodies (immunoglobulin) to fight against the bacteria. However, in some people Penicillin administration can be considered as an invader and their immune system produces antibodies against it, thereby resulting in allergic reactions.

Acute and Sub - acute reactions:
You can observe two clinical pictures resulting from penicillin allergy:
Acute allergic reaction:

  • Mediated by IgE(Immunoglobulin E) antibodies as a result of previous exposure.
  • Arises immediately within minutes to an hour or two.
  • Results in release of histamine and other mediators from mast cells.

Sub-Acute allergic reaction:

  • Mediated by IgG (Immunoglobulin G) antibodies.
  • Occurs 7 to 10 days after Penicillin treatment.
  • Results in the activation of the complement reactions producing inflammation.

Risk factors for IgE mediated reaction:

  • Frequent or repetitive courses of Penicillin.
  • High dose parenteral (rather than oral) administration.
  • A history of other allergies, such as food allergy or hay fever.
  • Certain illness commonly associated with allergic drug reactions, such as infection with HIV or Epstein - Barr virus.

Watch out for:
While people are taking a Penicillin medication several different rashes can appear:

  • Hives:
    • Suggest a true allergy.
    • Raised and intensely itchy spots.
    • Come and go over hours.
    • Occur with other allergic symptoms like wheezing or swelling of the skin or throat.
  • Rashes:
    • Typically start after several days of treatment.
    • Flat, blotchy and non-itchy.
    • Spread over days but do not change by the hour.
    • Unlikely to be the result of a dangerous allergy.
  • Anaphylaxis:
    • Very rare but life-threatening condition.
    • Causes the widespread dysfunction of the body systems.
  • Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

Other conditions resulting from Penicillin allergy:

  • Serum sickness
  • Drug induced anemia
  • Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms(DRESS)
  • Inflammation of the kidneys (nephritis)

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4202 people found this helpful

Why Should You Consult A Doctor Before Consuming Probiotics?

Dt. Sheenu Sanjeev 87% (34 ratings)
Diploma in Dietetics Health and Nutrition, Doctorate Biomedical Sciences, Principle of Nutrition, Doctorate Biomedical Science , MSC Master of Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad
Why Should You Consult A Doctor Before Consuming Probiotics?

The human body consists of a wide variety of bacteria which are either good or bad for your body. The general image of bacteria is that they only cause harm to your body, but this is not the actual scenario and there are many types of good bacteria as well which are actually beneficial for your health. Probiotics are health supplements that usually contain live bacteria to be consumed in solid or liquid form. One of the most important functions of probiotics is that they help in ensuring a functional and healthy digestive system.

Why are they beneficial for you?
Whenever you experience a fall in the good bacteria count inside your body due to activities like taking heavy antibiotic medications on a regular basis, then probiotics come into the picture. Probiotics actually reverse the change caused by antibiotics and raises the good bacteria inside your body. Additionally, probiotics also help in maintaining a proper balance between the good and the bad bacteria inside your body.

Types

All the probiotics are classified into 2 broad groups, but you should always consult your dietician before choosing a probiotic for yourself.

  • Lactobacillus - This is the most common form of probiotic, which is usually present in fermented foods and yoghurt. It is most beneficial in cases where people cannot digest lactose (the sugar present in the milk consumed).
  • Bifidobacterium - This is the second category of good bacteria and it mostly regulates and speeds up the activities related to your digestive system. It is usually found in most of the dairy products and it helps to cure a disorder called Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
7945 people found this helpful

Probiotics as a Health Supplement

Ms. Geetanjali Ahuja Mengi 94% (3202 ratings)
Masters Of Science In Dietetics And Food Service Management Msc. (DFSM), Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE), Advanced Clinical Nutrition Program, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Nutrition And Dietetics PGD, Bachelors Degree In Applied Nutrition Bhsc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Probiotics as a Health Supplement

The human body consists of a wide variety of bacteria which are either good or bad for your body. The general image of bacteria is that they only cause harm to your body, but this is not the actual scenario and there are many types of good bacteria as well which are actually beneficial for your health. Probiotics are health supplements that usually contain live bacteria to be consumed in solid or liquid form. One of the most important functions of probiotics is that they help in ensuring a functional and healthy digestive system.

Why are they beneficial for you?

Whenever you experience a fall in the good bacteria count inside your body due to activities like taking heavy antibiotic medications on a regular basis, then probiotics come into the picture. Probiotics actually reverse the change caused by antibiotics and raises the good bacteria inside your body. Additionally, probiotics also help in maintaining a proper balance between the good and the bad bacteria inside your body.

Types

All the probiotics are classified into 2 broad groups, but you should always consult your dietician before choosing a probiotic for yourself.

  • LactobacillusThis is the most common form of probiotic, which is usually present in fermented foods and yoghurt. It is most beneficial in cases where people cannot digest lactose (the sugar present in the milk consumed).
  • Bifidobacterium - This is the second category of good bacteria and it mostly regulates and speeds up the activities related to your digestive system. It is usually found in most of the dairy products and it helps to cure a disorder called Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).

In order to ensure safe usage of probiotics, you should always consult your doctor before opting for such a health supplement.

If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'Consult'.

Tip: Symptoms and Risk Factors Associated with Bulimia Nervosa

3894 people found this helpful

Allergies - 10 Foods That Can Help!

Dt. Ms. Janvi Chitalia 88% (46 ratings)
ACSM Certified Personal Trainer, Specialist In Fitness Nutrition, PG Diploma In Weight Management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Allergies - 10 Foods That Can Help!

A change in weather bring about changes in the composition of dust and pollen and induce seasonal allergies, which a huge number of people fear. The good news is that there are a number of common food substances which can help control these seasonal allergies. There are specific ingredients in these foods which improve immunity and provide antihistamine-like effects (which is what most anti-allergic drugs do). Some of these foods are mentioned below:

  1. Green tea: With its natural dose of antihistamines, it prevents you from developing allergies. A hot cup in the morning acts as a good shield against sneezing, which is common with pollen and dust allergies.
  2. Oranges and strawberries: Vitamin C is very essential in controlling allergies and it is always recommended to reach for a couple of fresh oranges or strawberries than popping a vitamin pill. They also contain other substances like traces of Omega-3 fatty acids and Quercetin.
  3. Garlic: This blocks the production of chemicals that can cause allergies. Eating a couple of cloves in the morning daily will do wonders for the allergy prone people.
  4. Turmeric: This miraculous Indian spice has strong anti-inflammatory properties and helps prevent all kinds of allergies.
  5. Nuts and seeds: For the vegetarians, eating walnuts and flax seed is a good alternative. A handful of walnut is equal to 3 ounces of salmon. Flax seed also contains selenium which has anti-allergic properties.
  6. Cabbage and broccoli: The flavonoid called quercetin helps by reducing inflammation that is usually associated with allergies and reduces the amount of histamines during allergic reactions. Other sources include apples, onions, berries, and cauliflower.
  7. Fatty fish: These contain a good amount of omega 3 fatty acids, and work better than the supplements any day. Take your pick from mackerel, sardines, salmon, tuna, trout, bluefish or herring. These have two types of Omega-3 fatty acids (DHA and EPA) which are known to prevent people developing allergic symptoms. This anti-allergic property provides great relief in people who see seasonal allergic changes.
  8. Local honey: For those who suffer from pollen allergy, a morning dose of honey helps build tolerance to this kind of allergy.
  9. Wasabi: This pungent green paste helps breathing by opening up the airways and is very good for blocked nasal passages. It also is rich in antihistamines and helps prevent you from developing allergies.
  10. Yoghurt and Kefir: These and other dairy products are rich in probiotics which contain a lot of friendly bacteria like Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, which are generally found in the intestines. They also help build immunity and increase body’s ability to fight allergens better.

So, for those prone to seasonal allergies, there are few things that are easy to find and well within the reach of regular kitchen and can shield against allergies.

4711 people found this helpful