Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Amiodarone Tips

Drink minimum 500 ml water a day even more in summer

Dr. Gokulan Bg 90% (669 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Modern Diagnostics
Drink minimum 500 ml water a day even more in summer
Drink minimum 500 ml water a day. More in summer.
71 people found this helpful


Dr. Amit Sharma 92% (1467 ratings)
Ph.D - Ayurveda, MD - Ayurveda, Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Diploma Yoga
Ayurveda, Jaipur
For dry skin use this combination of oil - almond oil 30 ml + olive oil 20 ml + coconut 15ml + seasame oil 10 ml + castor oil 10 ml + levander oil 5 ml + rose oil 5 ml + lemon grass 5 ml.
1 person found this helpful

Dr. Dinesh Rawal 92% (591 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Valsad
2 Ml Ginger Juice+ 5 ml. Green Turmeric Juice + 10 Ml. Coriander Leaves Juice. Will Improve your Kidney function.
7 people found this helpful

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 93% (36820 ratings)
MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Take plenty of fluid/water before going out in sun .One need about 500 ml of fluid more in summer.
3 people found this helpful

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 89% (38877 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha

What Are Thyroid Problems?
Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body. Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter (enlarged gland) that needs no treatment to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Too much thyroid hormone results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism.

Although the effects can be unpleasant or uncomfortable, most thyroid problems can be managed well if properly diagnosed and treated.

What Causes Thyroid Problems?
All types of hyperthyroidism are due to an overproduction of thyroid hormones, but the condition can occur in several ways:

Graves' disease: The production of too much thyroid hormone.
Toxic adenomas: Nodules develop in the thyroid gland and begin to secrete thyroid hormones, upsetting the body's chemical balance; some goiters may contain several of these nodules.
Subacute thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid that causes the gland to "leak" excess hormones, resulting in temporary hyperthyroidism that generally lasts a few weeks but may persist for months.
Pituitary gland malfunctions or cancerous growths in the thyroid gland: Although rare, hyperthyroidism can also develop from these causes.
Hypothyroidism, by contrast, stems from an underproduction of thyroid hormones. Since your body's energy production requires certain amounts of thyroid hormones, a drop in hormone production leads to lower energy levels. Causes of hypothyroidism include:

Hashimoto's thyroiditis: In this autoimmune disorder, the body attacks thyroid tissue. The tissue eventually dies and stops producing hormones.
Removal of the thyroid gland: The thyroid may have been surgically removed or chemically destroyed.
Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide: Cold and sinus medicines, the heart medicine amiodarone, or certain contrast dyes given before some X-rays may expose you to too much iodine.You may be at greater risk for developing hypothyroidism if you have had thyroid problems in the past.
Lithium: This drug has also been implicated as a cause of hypothyroidism.
Untreated for long periods of time, hypothyroidism can bring on a myxedema coma, a rare but potentially fatal condition that requires immediate hormone treatment.
Hypothyroidism poses a special danger to newborns and infants. A lack of thyroid hormones in the system at an early age can lead to the development of cretinism (mental retardation) and dwarfism (stunted growth). Most infants now have their thyroid levels checked routinely soon after birth. If they are hypothyroid, treatment begins immediately. In infants, as in adults, hypothyroidism can be due to these causes:

A pituitary disorder
A defective thyroid
Lack of the gland entirely
A hypothyroid infant is unusually inactive and quiet, has a poor appetite, and sleeps for excessively long periods of time.

Cancer of the thyroid gland is quite rare and occurs in about 5% of thyroid nodules. You might have one or more thyroid nodules for several years before they are determined to be cancerous. People who have received radiation treatment to the head and neck earlier in life, possibly as a remedy for acne, tend to have a higher-than-normal risk of developing thyroid cancer.
1 person found this helpful

ILD And Sarcoidosis - Causes, Symptom And Treatment Of Them!

Dr. Rakesh Chawla 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Respiratory Medicine , Trained In Treating Sleep Disorder , Trained In Interventinal Bronchoscopy , Trained In Medical Thoracoscopy , Trained In Rigid Bronchoscopy
Pulmonologist, Delhi
ILD And Sarcoidosis - Causes, Symptom And Treatment Of Them!

The Interstitium is a network of tissues in the lungs. It supports the functioning of microscopic air sacs in the lungs, known as Alveoli. Tiny blood vessels travelling through the interstitium help in exchange of gases between blood and air. In ILD or Interstitial lung disease, this important function of the lungs is disturbed. This can lead to ILD, including Sarcoidosis.

In general, the symptoms of ILD include shortness of breath, dry and non-productive cough and unexplained weight loss.

Causes Of Interstitial Lung Disease

It is estimated that regular exposure to irritants through inhalation, at work or otherwise, can precipitate ILD. Bacteria, Viruses, and Fungi are known to cause Interstitial Pneumonias. The following irritants can cause ILD:

● Silica dust
● Asbestos
● Coal dust and other dusts, such as those inhaled during working in mines
● Talc
● Bird proteins (such as Chicken or Pigeon food)
● Grain dust inhaled from farming

Drugs such as Amiodarone, Nitrofurantoin, Bleomycin etc. may also cause Interstitial Lung Disease. However, a fair chunk of the causes of Interstitial Lung Disease are unknown.

About Sarcoidosis

In Sarcoidosis, there is growth of tiny inflammatory cells in different organs of the body, such as the Lymph nodes, Skin, Eyes and the Lungs. Lungs are the most common organs which Sarcoidosis affects.

Symptoms of ILD and Sarcoidosis

● Symptoms may include Fever, Fatigue, Shortness of breath, Weight loss, Persistent cough, Swollen lymph nodes, Chest pain, Wheezing etc.
● There may be reddish-purple bumps on shins or ankles, sores on nose, ears and cheeks, growth of nodules under the skin, etc.
● The patient may have Blurred vision, Eye pain, Severe redness and Sensitivity to light.
● A patient may also suffer from Chest pain, Shortness of breath, Fainting, fatigue, Irregular heartbeats, Palpitations, Swelling due to Accumulation of Fluid, etc.

Treatment of ILD and Sarcoidosis

● Antibiotics for Interstitial Pneumonia condition
● Corticosteroids or Immunosuppressants for skewed immune response
● Oxygen inhalation for low oxygen level in body due to ILD
● Antioxidants to reduce the rate of decline in lung function.


● Though there is no cure for this disease, a patient may be treated through medicine if the disease starts affecting the functioning of other organs.
● The patient may be given Corticosteroids to Suppress Inflammation.
● If the condition is worse, the patient may also be given Immunosuppressants and other medicines to overcome specific organic problems.

ILD and Sarcoidosis are common diseases nowadays due to increasing pollution all around. In case of any of the symptoms of ILD and Sarcoidosis show up in a patient, it is highly recommended to get advice from an experienced Pulmonologist. The treatment is mostly antibiotic-based, and curbs the infection out of the body. The sooner the treatment can start, the better it is.

2849 people found this helpful

Extremely Low Thyroxine And Its Complications!

Dr. Hanish Gupta 90% (1997 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Extremely Low Thyroxine And Its Complications!

What is Thyroxine?
Thyroxine, also known as T4, is the main hormone which is secreted by the thyroid gland into the bloodstream. Although it is an inactive form, most of it is converted to an active form called triiodothyronine by organs such as the liver and kidneys. The hypothalamus in the brain along with the pituitary and thyroid glands modulate the production and release of thyroid hormones.

What Happens If You Have Too Little Thyroxine?
If the level of thyroxine in the blood is low, then the pituitary gland releases more thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to try and stimulate the thyroid gland to make more thyroxine. Therefore, a raised level of TSH means the thyroid gland is underactive and is not making enough thyroxine. When the thyroid gland produces very little quantity of thyroxine, then the condition is known as hypothyroidism.

As thyroid hormones are essential for physical and mental development, so hypothyroidism during development or before birth and during childhood causes mental impairment and reduced physical growth.

Symptoms usually show a slow and gradual progression before they become worse over months or years as the level of thyroxine in the body gradually falls.

In adults it causes a decrease in metabolic rate resulting in symptoms that include:

Less Common Symptoms include:


  1. Autoimmune diseases: The immune system makes antibodies against your body cells
  2. Poor iodine intake 
  3. Use of certain drugs like amiodarone and lithium
  4. Surgical removal or injury to thyroid gland
  5. Underactive thyroid gland (congenital hypothyroidism)


  1. Low thyroxine level causes the blood fats (lipids) - cholesterol etc., to rise
  2. Pregnant females have an increased risk of developing some pregnancy complications like:
  3. Pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in urine)
  4. Anemia
  5. Premature labor
  6. Low birth weight
  7. Stillbirth
  8. Serious bleeding after the birth
  9. Hypothyroid coma (myxedema coma) is a very rare complication
  10. Myxedema coma is a rare but life-threatening state of extreme hypothyroidism

Diagnosis and Investigations:

It involves a blood test which screens the levels of TSH and free T4 and T3. Usually, the reports show high TSH and T3 and T4 levels.


Treatment usually involves taking a daily tablet of thyroid hormone levothyroxine to replace the missing thyroxine. Treatment works very well for most people with hypothyroidism but is required for life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3553 people found this helpful

Dr. Sunil Kumar Dwivedi 87% (136 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
Make it a priority to drink 500ml of water before breakfast. Staying well hydrated will give you more energy, mental clarity and enhanced digestive function.
8 people found this helpful

Dr. Parthipan Gopalkrishnan 88% (18 ratings)
Early morning have to take minimum 200 ml of water .It helps to reduce systemic problems eg-heart disease also kidney disease,chronic ulcers .
3 people found this helpful

Dr. Ankur Singhal 92% (1886 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Dems, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Hapur
Home remedies for constipation

1. Take 10 ml of lemon juice (nimboo ka rass) and add 200ml of water to it with one teaspoon full sugar and drink it twice a day.
2. Eat old jaggery (guda) 4-5 gm daily.
3. Consume fig (anjeer) with lukewarm lik at night.
4. Drink glass full of milk with 5-10 ml of ghee at night.
5. Consume grape juice 10-20ml twice a day.
6. Take triphala powder 3-6 gm with lukewarm water at night.
9 people found this helpful