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Pneumonia - Know The Different Types!

Dr. Adit Mathur 92% (38 ratings)
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi  •  4 years experience
Pneumonia - Know The Different Types!

Pneumonia is a lung infection that affects one or both lungs. It can be triggered by bacteria, virus or fungi and causes inflammation in the lung’s air sacs that make it difficult to breathe. Pneumonia can range from a mild infection to being a life threatening condition. This severity depends on the age and general health of the patient along with the cause of the inflammation and type of infection.
Pneumonia can be classified in many ways.

There are three main types of pneumonia based on the type of microbe that causes the infection; bacterial, viral and mycoplasmic pneumonia.

  1. Bacterial Pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumonia is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. It can affect people at any age and can develop on its own or be triggered by flu. A weak immune system increases the risk of suffering from this condition. Breathlessness and pain while breathing are some of the symptoms associated with this type of pneumonia.
  2. Viral Pneumonia: When it comes to young children and the elderly, pneumonia is often caused by respiratory viruses. This type of pneumonia is short lived but the virus that triggers the infection can be fatal. Viral pneumonia can be extremely harmful to pregnant women and individuals with heart or lung issues.
  3. Mycoplasma pneumonia: This is also known as atypical or walking pneumonia. It affects people of all age groups but is commonly seen in cases where the patient is below 40 years of age. Mycoplasma pneumonia cases are usually mild with a persistent cough being the most prominent symptom.

Pneumonia is not always caused by microbes. Aspiration pneumonia can be contacted by inhaling a foreign object such as food, drinks or regurgitated food into the lungs. This type of pneumonia affects the elderly and people under sedation or anesthesia. Along with breathing difficulties, it also causes a decreased gag reflex and difficulty swallowing food.

Though it is not possible to completely prevent pneumonia, the risks of contacting this disease can be easily lowered. Some of the steps you could take to lower your chance of suffering from this disease are:

  1. Avoid close contact with people suffering from viral infections like flu, colds, etc.
  2. Wash your hands often to prevent the spreading of viruses and bacteria.
  3. Stop smoking and avoid exposure to second hand smoke.
  4. Get vaccinated against the bacteria that cause pneumonia.
  5. Get vaccinated against flu to prevent seasonal colds.
  6. Exercise regularly and follow a healthy diet.
1395 people found this helpful

Peanuts - How Much Is Appropriate For You?

Dt. Sweta Shah 88% (25 ratings)
B.Sc - Home Science, MSc - Nutrition & Food Processing, MSc - Food Production Management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai  •  9 years experience
Peanuts - How Much Is Appropriate For You?

Peanuts are rich in monounsaturated fats, a sort of fat that is added to a healthy-heart diet. However, just as peanuts have loads of benefits, they come with certain disadvantages too. The advantages of peanuts are as follows:

  1. Peanuts are a source of antioxidants: Not only do peanuts contain oleic acid, but also the energizing fat found in olive oil and is a rich form of cell regeneration. The regeneration material is very helpful in avoiding many types of cancers. For example, as preventive agents, simmered peanuts do have equal amount of recovery and regeneration as blackberries and strawberries. These are far more efficient than apples, carrots or beets.
  2. Peanuts are key to heart-health benefits: Just as peanuts are good cancer preventing agents, dangers of death from cardiovascular and coronary heart diseases can also be avoided with their help.
  3. Peanuts reduce the risk of stroke based on preliminary animal studies: Resveratrol is a substance, which was initially found in red grapes and red wine. However, now it is also available in peanuts. This phytonutrient has been said to enhance the blood flow in the brain by as much as 30 percent. It enormously diminishes the danger of a stroke or a heart attack.

As mentioned earlier, just as peanuts have certain good qualities, they can be somewhat bad for the health as well. Following are some of the reasons:

  1. Peanuts can be an allergen: Peanuts are also considered as a standout amongst the most widely recognized food sensitivities for people. A lot of people have nut hypersensitivities so serious that even their breathing is disturbed with a little amount of a shelled nut. Their tongue starts getting numb and their skin starts swelling. Some people have an extremely increased allergy to peanuts and for them, it can even be fatal, if not treated immediately.
  2. Peanuts contain lectins: Peanuts, alongside different vegetables like soy, contain hostile substances called lectins. Lectins are sticky proteins found in numerous food items including vegetables. They serve as a bug. The stickiness and structure of lectins, however, makes them very difficult to process and digest.
  3. Peanuts contain inflammatory elements: The abnormal state of Omega-6 unsaturated fats that peanuts contain is quite dangerous. It is true that your body needs, both Omega-3 and Omega-6 unsaturated fats for a good health. The issue, in any case, is that the standard western eating routine is, to a great degree, high in Omega-6 unsaturated fats and low in Omega-3s. At the point when Omega-3 unsaturated fats are out of proportion with the Omega-6 fats (as frequently emerges in a standard Western eating routine) irritation, coronary illness, and other medical problems emerge. Therefore, a balanced diet is very important.
862 people found this helpful

Know The Benefits Of Massaging Your Body!

Dr. Satish Sawale 91% (1966 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), PG Dip Panchakarma, PG Dip Ksharsutra For Piles, Pilonidal, Sinus & Fistula Management, Post Graduate Diploma In Hospital Administration (PGDHA), Certificate In Diabetes Update
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai  •  20 years experience
Know The Benefits Of Massaging Your Body!

In order to know the benefits of abhangya, it is important to understand what exactly abhangya is. We do, at times, massage ourselves unconsciously. However, the practice of massaging oneself from head to toe with nice and warm oil lovingly is known as abhangya. According to Ayurveda, like being loved by another person, abhangya too provides individuals with a deep sense of stability. Ayurveda states that daily practice of abhangya helps in restoring the balance between the three doshas of our body - the pitta dosha, kapha dosha and vata dosha.

Ayurveda states that the individuals who practice this self massage technique regularly become vey less affected and even less subjected to accidental injuries. These individuals also tend to become charming and very less affected by age.

Now that we have discussed a bit of what abhangya is, here is a list of the benefits that come with it: 

  1. This self massage technique helps in nourishing the body and slowing down the ageing process considerably.
  2. This technique helps is bestowing individuals with good vision.
  3. This process helps in stimulating the internal body organs and increases and improves blood circulation. This results in lesser blood pressure and a healthier body.
  4. This technique helps in imparting a sort of firmness to the limbs and hands, thereby strengthening the body’s tolerance.
  5. This technique also benefits the skin. Well, the thing about our body is each organ in our body is interrelated with each other. So when any one organ starts working perfectly, everything else follows suit. It has been seen that this technique helps impart a sort of tone and vigour to the tissues of the body itself.
  6. Abhangya helps pacify the vata and the pitta doshas.
  7. If applied to the scalp, it helps in growing luxurious, soft, thick and really glossy hair.
  8. This is also said to reduce wrinkles on the face.
  9. When applied to the ears, stiffness of neck and jaw can be eased.

We have discussed how this practice benefits us, but here are some of the situations when we aren’t supposed to perform abhangya.

  1. During menstrual cycle
  2. During pregnancy
  3. In swollen or painful areas
  4. Over skin that has any sort of rash or infection
  5. During any acute illnesses
  6. During any health condition until and unless the doctor said that it was perfectly fine to do abhangya

All in all, Abhangya is a process that should definitely be carried out for personal well-being.

615 people found this helpful

Know More About Insulin Resistance!

Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology PGDD, Programa De Residência Médica Em Endocrinologia E Metabologia, CCGP, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Diabetology, MD - Diabetology, MD General Physician , KIMS NMU
Diabetologist, Hyderabad  •  17 years experience
Know More About Insulin Resistance!
Insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes are one and the same thing. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz
1119 people took this quiz

Can we control diabetes by maintaining good diet? Can you suggest the food to eat?

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad  •  47 years experience
Can we control diabetes by maintaining good diet? Can you suggest the food to eat?
Hello, thanks for the query. Once diabetes is fully developed, then there is always a need for appropriate medicatio, plus diet control and regular exercise with weight control is necessary for achieving very good glucose control. Only diet is unlikely to help. To suggest a diet plan I need to know fasting, Pp glucose levels, HbA1c%, present diet pattern, extent of daily exercise, present medications, lipid profile and BP readings. Then only a diet can be planned. Thanks.
3 people found this helpful
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In 12th, I was able to read 15 hours a day without any stress and anxiety, tension. But now I'm graduated in Engineering and. Now when I try to read 15 hours a day there's stress, tension,depression. And even if I do exercises, yoga, there is hidden stress in my mind. So what can I do?

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore  •  47 years experience
In 12th, I was able to read 15 hours a day without any stress and anxiety, tension. But now I'm graduated in Engineer...
In the 12th you were probably 6 years younger. That is a lot of time that has passed by and your mind and body is not the same. Even if it was the same, it is not advisable to study so much everyday. You need at least 8 hours of sleep anyway. You may also have some problems related to delayed adolescence to boot. First of all, the intensity of stress is in the perception. Change your perception, there is no stress: it’s like looking at a glass half full or half empty. Apart from that, all your emotions need to be dealt with by expression i.e. You need to talk about the feelings. Then you need to exercise regularly, eat fiber foods (whole grains, fruits and vegetables), sleep at least 8 hours every day, learn Yoga and meditation, learn stress management, and do a personality development course. Because you are into studies, follow a tight schedule, with good breaks and study habits. If group study helps you, do it with the right people. If tutoring is required, arrange for the same. These should see you through successfully without the stress.
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I have ige level of 800. And have frequent bout of breathlessness and asthma symptoms from 3 months with cough and phelghm. Am on duonase. Rhinocort aqua. allegra tabs and Symbicort inhaler. But I have no relief.

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad  •  42 years experience
I have ige level of 800. And have frequent bout of breathlessness and asthma symptoms from 3 months with cough and ph...
Raised IgE means you are allergic to something. May need allergy skin prick test to identify offending allergens. Step asthma medication. May need oral steroid but after consulting a respiratory physician.
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Hi Doctor, My age is 24, having grey hair. It is genetic because my grandma had it at her young age like though my mom. Even all the girl child in my family has. Graying is only on root some 2-3 inch but it is lot. And hair is getting thin. Is any treatment existing for this? Is it curable? Is anyone get cured? All I heard as of now is impossible only. Please share your opinion.

Homeopath, Ahmedabad  •  11 years experience
Hi Doctor, My age is 24, having grey hair. It is genetic because my grandma had it at her young age like though my mo...
Yes it is curable homeopathic treatment is very helpful to you in homeopathic thuja, natrum mur like medicine is very helpful. For treatment and dose information you can consult me on Lybrate.
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Skin Warts - How Can Laser Surgery Be Of Help?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, FRGUHS (Cosmetology)
Dermatologist, Bangalore  •  8 years experience
Skin Warts - How Can Laser Surgery Be Of Help?

Warts or verruca vulgaris refer to a type of a deformity in the skin, which refers to the formation of a small, hard, benign growth on the surface of the skin. It is generally caused by a viral infection and results in a feeling of discomfort or pain. Additionally, lasersurgery is a technique, which uses a sharp and strong beam of light to destroy the wart tissue from the skin. The surgical process is usually performed at a doctor's clinic or chamber, under proper medical supervision.

When should you consider laser surgery?
Ideally a laser surgery should be your last resort to remove a wart when all the other means of removing a wart have failed. You should opt for a laser surgery only under the following circumstances:

  • Medicines have not been able to remove the wart
  • Warts are large and widespread
  • Appearance of warts during pregnancy (only after consulting your doctor)

What should you keep in mind? Before opting for surgery:

A laser surgery is a quite complicated process, but its effects are rapid and effective. Some of the things to be kept in mind before you actually opt for a laser treatment are as follows:

  • Laser technology does not lead to scarring on the skin
  • The surgery requires a local anesthetic, which is used for making the affected body part numb
  • Laser treatments should not be used as an initial treatment
  • It is a sure shot way to remove warts

Post surgery:
After a laser surgery the wound is generally painful depending upon the intensity, location and number of warts that are removed. Some of the probable outcomes of a laser surgery are as follows:

  • Bleeding of warts lasting upto 1 week
  • Mild to severe pain
  • Short lived fever
  • Yellowish discharge, which is to be cleaned
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I have fever, soreness, weight loss and hair fall and whole day sleep and cold all the problems are together.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad  •  10 years experience
I have fever, soreness, weight loss and hair fall and whole day sleep and cold all the problems are together.
Drink fluids to prevent dehydration. Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain. Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding). prevent hair damage that may cause hair loss, follow these tips: ... Using a proper brush, apply full strokes from the scalp to the tips of your hair to distribute the hair's natural oil. Be gentle, and avoid brushing your hair when wet, when it is especially fragile. It is best to use a comb on wet hair. Get adequate nighttime sleep. ... Keep distractions out of bed. ... Set a consistent wake-up time. ... Gradually move to an earlier bedtime. ... Set consistent, healthy mealtimes. ... Exercise. ... De-clutter your schedule. ... Don't go to bed until you're sleepy.
1 person found this helpful
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My hair is falling and day by day decreasing what should I do to prevent it and regrow.

MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist,  •  22 years experience
My hair is falling and day by day decreasing what should I do to prevent it and regrow.
There are several reasons for the problem and some of these can be recognized clinically by the pattern of hair loss. Treatment depends on the diagnosis. You can send your photograph of the affected area.
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Sir, I am 23 years old. Height 168 cm & weight 77 kg. I want to fat lose 10 to 12 kg. So, please suggest me perfect diet plan and many more options.

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition (Delhi University)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Panipat  •  6 years experience
Sir, I am 23 years old. Height 168 cm & weight 77 kg.
I want to fat lose 10 to 12 kg. So, please suggest me perfect d...
Weight reduction is a scientific and complex process and depends on many factors such as your lifestyle ,age , height , weight ,history and other medical history i would suggest you to discuss ur lifestyle in detail and will guide u to achieve the desirable goal
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Hai, my name is Madhu Padishala, 28-years-old male suffering with itchy skin with acne, full of tan and hyperpigmentation (black patches and pimple marks). I have used betnovate N for several years (not very regularly), I stopped using betnovate N 3 months before. From the time I stopped betnovate experienced hyperpigmentation worsened. Now I want to get rid off all these problems. I’m planing to use TCA 30% chemical peel, can I use that. If I use TCA 30% how long it will take to recover or suggest me the best treatment to get cured within a month or two.

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad  •  12 years experience
Hai, my name is Madhu Padishala, 28-years-old male suffering with itchy skin with acne, full of tan and hyperpigmenta...
Image result for suggestion for acne You can reduce your acne by following these skin care tips from dermatologists. Wash twice a day and after sweating. Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, can make acne worse, so wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating. Use your fingertips to apply a gentle, non-abrasive cleanser.
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Why Is Sugar Bad For Your Skin - From Acne To Wrinkles!

Dermatologist, Delhi
Why Is Sugar Bad For Your Skin - From Acne To Wrinkles!

Almost every person salivates over desserts and sweets. One does not need a special occasion to get their sweet tooth going. While the lip smacking sugary delight might impress the taste buds, it is sure to affect the health in a big way. If you thought that sugar was only bad for your waistline and general health, then you need to know that it is equally harmful for your skin. In fact, it can lead to serious dermatological conditions.

Harmful effects of sugar on the skin - 

A lot of what we eat reflects on our body externally. A number of internal changes can influence the external appearance of the body. Excessive intake of carbohydrates, starch and sugar can have an adverse effect on the skin. It can also accelerate the ageing process. But what triggers these complications needs to be understood and discussed in detail.

Carbohydrates can be simple or complex. Simple carbohydrates (cake, bread; to name a few) break down and convert to glucose rapidly. Increased glucose level implies increased insulin level, and causes inflammation, which affects the whole body. The enzymes produced during inflammation breaks down important proteins, namely elastin and collagen, leading to wrinkles and saggy skin.

Acne problems mainly arise from Glycation (the process through which digested sugar attaches permanently to the collagen). Glycation plays a significant role in accelerating the ageing process.

Complex carbohydrates, on the other hand, is good for health. When ingested, complex carbohydrates break down at a much slower rate. As a result, there is no abnormal increase in the insulin level.

Corrective measures to check the harmful effects of sugar on the skin - 

With a little care and preventive measures, the deleterious effects of sugar on the skin can be minimised.

1. Supplement your diet with foods rich in antioxidants. Lean proteins, fibrous foods and diets rich in good fats are highly recommended. Include beans and nuts that have low glycemic value in your diet. Drink plenty of water.
2. Food items containing high amount of saturated fats (cheese, ice creams, fried foods; to name a few), and with high glycemic value should be strictly avoided.
3. Do not compromise with your sleep. A sound sleep and a stress-free life is the mantra to a glowing and youthful skin.
4. Practice meditation and yoga diligently. The rewarding and positive outcomes will leave you in awe.
5. Do not skip your meals or indulge in overeating. Have small servings at regular intervals.

2 people found this helpful