Congenital Diseases refer to diseases that are present at birth. Sometimes the congenital condition affects a certain body part, while in other cases, it is an inherited condition that affects growth and development. Congenital Diseases are typically present at birth, but since the introduction of three-dimensional sonograms, Congenital Diseases can be detected prior to the birth of the child.
While still in the womb, some babies have problems with their organs and body parts and these health problems are termed as Birth Defects. There are a number of birth defects ranging from minor ones that require no treatment to serious ones that cause disabilities or require medical treatment. Once the baby is born, he/she will be examined by the Pediatrician to check for any disorders. Congenital Diseases Treatment involves medication and surgeries to treat the disease at the earliest. In certain cases, if the disease is incurable, the doctor prescribes Physical Therapy to reduce the severity of the disease.
There are more than 10,000 kinds of Congenital Diseases such as Down Syndrome, Spina Bifida, Sickle-Cell Disease, Fragile X Syndrome, and many more.