Doctor in APOLLO HOSPITAL
Knee Pain Treatment
Spinal Surgery Disorders
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Treatment of Joint And Muscle Problems
Treatment of Nerve And Muscle Disorders
Acl Reconstruction Procedure
Joint Dislocation Treatment
Knee Care Procedures
Joint Replacement Surgery
Ankle Pain Treatment
Treatment of Spondylosis
Arthritis And Pain Management Treatment
Treatment of Joint Dislocation
Treatment Of Disk Slip
Treatment Of Herniated Disc
Knee Injury Treatment
Treatment of Spine Injuries
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This query is with regard to my wife Age 54 years. She is a patient of hypo-thyroid since her childhood for which she currently consumes 1 Tablet of Eltroxin 100 mg/day. She has issues with her bowel movements which are irregular, despite taking care to include fiber based diet, off and on. She is also allergic to nights and can only be prescribed other pain-killers like Paracetamol. She is a post-menopausal housewife and we do not have any children. For the last few days she has been complaining of severe pain in the forward part of her left heel which is sometimes felt upwards to her knee. This is impeding/obstructing her movements while walking and performing daily morning exercises. She also periodically complains of hot flushes in both her feet below her knees. She takes a Paracetamol tablet whenever the pain in her left-knee (which is an old health issue since 2013) is unbearable, may be 3-4 times a year. She regularly consumes Shelcal 500 mg or Supradyn tablet with breaks of about a month, which gave her relief from her left-knee pain. Kindly advice what could be the cause and remedy for these issues of my wife. Thanks and best regards.
Hello Sir, My Age is 20 year. I am 1st year BHMS Student, my problem is my knee joint often hurts, and when I masturbate After very pain in knee joint.
The human body experiences various types of aches and pains from time to time depending on injuries and other kinds of joint, muscle and nerve pain and various types of these pains include somatic pain, visceral pain, and neuropathic pain.
While somatic pain refers to the pain that comes from injuries caused to muscles, connective tissues and joints; visceral pain happens due to inflammation and excessive stretching of organs. Finally, neuropathic pain is a more long lasting kind, which can be caused by conditions like cancer, HIV or Shingles. The pain can be acute or chronic. Read on to find out more about pain management.
- Somatic Pain: This type of bone pain is usually localised and can increase with movement, becoming sharper with increased motion. Somatic pain can usually be treated with the help of analgesics, which treats the area suffering from pain, especially for pain that takes place due to surgical incisions and other dull aches or sharp pains that are localised. This kind of pain can also be treated with physiotherapy, acupressure and other exercises based on the area of pain.
- Visceral Pain: While this kind of pain can be treated with the help of medication, it also usually improves and fades with time. The medication for this kind of pain usually alters the neurotransmitters of the brain that convey pain signals and trigger pain in the body. This medication also helps in bringing down the inflammation for pain improvement.
- Neuropathic Pain: This kind of pain is usually accompanied by irregular limb movements and discomfort as well as motions like twitching. It is a more permanent kind of pain that lasts long and causes greater discomfort than the above two kinds of pain. Neuropathic pain can be treated with the help of anticonvulsants, which usually help in preventing the nerve pain and irregular movements that can trigger from this kind of pain. It also impacts the serotonin level and other chemicals in the brain for better nerve pain management and act as an anti-depressant as well.
The various kinds of pain discussed above can be treated in different ways, both in medicated and non-medicated ways, however, the method will depend upon whether the pain is acute or chronic.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Knee pain used to afflict the elderly till some years back, but now even those who are as young as 25 could also be seen jostling with it. Sedentary lifestyle and almost no physical activity are the primary reasons why even youngsters are not untouched with it.
There are multiple reasons which can cause knee pain. It might be due to some injury, infection or disease that could lead to discomfiture in your knee and pain. If the pain does not subside in some time, it should be enough to ring an alarm bell to consult an orthopedician, who will tell you in the nick of the time what might be causing the pain and the best treatment procedure to fix it.
Signs and symptoms of knee pain
Human knee is not a stable joint. It is a complex joint having bone, cartilage and ligaments and its movement is aided by muscles and tendons. While disease or light damage in any of the structure can cause knee pain, any serious damage can leave a person impaired for life. So what are the symptoms you must be careful about:
Not being able to place weight on impacted leg
Swelling and redness of the knee or on the calf beneath the affected knee
Can’t bend or straighten the knee
Knee painfully locks or clicks when bending or sitting
Don’t ignore knee pain
Any knee pain should not be taken lightly and medical assistance must be sought. And if the pain has been there for a long time, it needs to be taken seriously and requires medical care. In fact, any pain that persists for more than three days must be brought to the notice of an experienced orthopedician.
Knee diseases that cause knee pain
The most common disease that has become the leading cause of disability in India is arthritis. In this disease, the cartilage, which is the connective tissue that protects the joints, break down. This allows bones to rub together, causing pain and swelling.
It is one the most common form of arthritis, in which there is loss of bone density and deterioration
In its quality.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis
It happens due to inflammation of joints and surrounding tissues. Pathological infections, genetic predisposition and hormonal imbalance trigger it.
Knee arthritis in its severe form hampers a person’s normal day-to-day activity, crippling all movement, even simple ones like walking or even standing. It not only restricts a person’s movement but could also lead to problems like avascular necrosis (AVN) wherein blood supply to bones get disrupted.
Knee surgery is not for everyone as it’s still a major procedure and isn’t something that has to be done unless your pain can't be controlled with simpler measures.
But it may really be time for you to consider knee replacement if the pain, swelling, and knee stiffness is so much that it curtails most of your daily activities or if you suffer pain even at night or when you are resting. A knee deformity also signals that it’s time to make the move towards knee replacement surgery.
During knee replacement, the surgeon removes damaged bone and cartilage from thighbone, shinbone and kneecap.
Cartilage is soft, gel-like padding between the thighbone (upper portion of knee joint towards thigh) and shinbone (lower portion of knee joint towards the feet) that protects the knee joints and allows for movement.
After the removal of diseased portions, artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers are inserted.
With technological advancements, knee replacement surgery has become very safe and stays now for longer durations. With proper care after surgery, patients can resume most of their daily activities and functionalities like walking, sitting, bending and climbing stairs.
My wife 29 weeks pregnant she feel burn on neck What is its reasons and treatment related medicines.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It affects millions of people around the world and is caused due to the gradual wear and tear of the protective cartilage at the end of your bones. The condition most commonly affects the joints in the hands, knees, hips and spine although it can damage any joint in the body.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis develop slowly and get worse with time, and include pain during and after physical activities like movement. The joints may become tender and may pain even with the application of light pressure. Stiffness and loss of flexibility are some of the other symptoms. The loss of cartilage due to gradual wear and tear causes the condition. It causes the smooth surface of the cartilage to become rough, giving rise to friction.
Some of the risk factors involved that can increase your chances of developing the condition are:
- Old age - The chance of osteoarthritis increases with a person's age.
- Sex - A study concluded that women are more likely to develop the condition. Although there isn't an established reason, lesser physical activity is attributed as a possible cause.
- Obesity - Having excessive body weight can be a contributing factor. This is because it puts added pressure on the weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and the knees.
- Joint injuries - Joint injuries contracted due to sports activities, accidents or other such factors can increase the likelihood of this condition.
- Genetics - In some of the cases, the condition is observed to be passed from generation to generation.
- Bone deformities - Some people who are born with bone deformities and defects can have greater chances of having this condition.
- Other diseases - Having diseases like diabetes and gout can increase the risk of the condition.
Some of the complications of this disease are:
- Joint pain and stiffness may cause hurdles in daily activities. Daily activities like changing clothes can be painful.
- Some people are unable to work any longer. Joint replacement surgeries are advised by doctors in these cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.
Hi. weakness in my lags and arms. Sometime pain in lags and arms and feel feverish and pain/weakness between both my eyes just the upper part of my nose no cough no cold and no fever. Sometimes it show little fvr 98.6. Cbc kft spine chest xray, lungs ct, esr urine, widal sugar bp r normal vitamin d 29.2. Good appetite sleep. Stomach have n sometimes pain please need help.
Plantar fasciitis is an orthopedic problem that gives rise to pain in the foot and heel due to strain or pressure on the plantar fascia. This is a ligament or connective tissue which lies in a flat band, connecting your heel with the toes and effectively, providing a basis for the motion of the feet in general. Inflammation, swelling and bruising of this tissue or ligament can lead to excessive pain in the heel.
Let us look at ways that can help you deal with this pain:
- Rest: Taking rest and giving your feet a break from all kinds of strain inducing activities can help in relieving the pain. Also, you can keep your feet elevated to help in reducing the pain in the area.
- Supportive footwear: Using pads within your shoes with gel built into them, or using specific footwear that help in walking without feeling too much of pain is a good way of dealing with Plantar fasciitis. The shoe inserts must be rubber, felt or plastic so that they are soft for your feet. They also give your heel and its arch good support, while Orthotics pulls the ligament so that there is less stress on the same. You can also pull on a pair of night flints which will keep the foot and the ligament stretched while you enjoy a good night of sleep.
- Exercise: Indulging in mild muscle strengthening exercise that also involves stretching and heel hooks can help in alleviating chronic pain that you may be suffering from. Lie flat on your back and take a towel. Lift your leg and hook your foot into it. Now press against the towel and pull down the towel simultaneously. Repeat at least ten times per foot. This will give you flexibility and strength in the area.
- Painkillers: Use pain killers only when absolutely necessary and with due advice from the doctor or Orthopaedic specialist. The use of Ibuprofen and other pain relievers can help in numbing the pain inducing nerves in the brain and give you instant relief.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication that can bring down the swelling for more comfortable functioning when you are on your feet. Naproxen is one such drug that helps in bringing down the inflammation. Also, corticosteroid injections can relieve severe pain.
- Surgery: Heel spur removal or Plantar fascia release are some of the surgical options for chronic and severe cases.
Taking care of your feet is a matter of ensuring that you look into the slightest discomfort and report the same to a doctor. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.
Arthritis is a disease in which the joints in your body swell. Inflammation or swelling can be caused due to body's natural response to injury or disease. It can cause discomfort in the form of pain, stiffness as well as difficulty in movement. Major types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and gout.
Causes of arthritis
Arthritis is generally caused by a combination of factors. It can happen due to genetic factors in case the disease runs in the family. Sometimes it can be caused due to injuries of the past; it can also be a by-product of your lifestyle. Some of the common causes of arthritis are:
1. Genetic makeup in which arthritis can be a hereditary trait
2. Physically taxing work life or injuries caused in an accident
3. Imbalance in the immunity system
4. Infections in the joint.
Risk Factors associated with arthritis
1. Family history - You can be prone to develop arthritis if it runs in the family. It can occur due to its hereditary trait hence making you more vulnerable to the environmental factors which contribute to developing arthritis.
2. Age - The risk of arthritis can increase with age. Types like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout are more common in the old age.
3. Gender - Your sex is an important factor as women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis while men are prone to suffer from gout.
4. Joint injury - Joint injury caused due to accidents or due to sports activities can trigger arthritis. People with previous joint injuries can develop arthritis in that joint.
5. Obesity - Excess weight can put a lot of pressure on the joints, on the knees and hips in particular. Hence, obese people have more chances of developing arthritis than fitter people. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.
Have you met with an accident recently and ended up with a dislocated shoulder? In this form of injury, a blow or any kind of injury causes the top portion of your arm bone to come off your shoulder socket. In extreme cases of a dislocated shoulder, the nerves and tissues surrounding your shoulder are damaged. If you experience a dislocated shoulder frequently, it may lead to chronic weakness and instability.
It is important for you to treat a dislocated shoulder right after it is experienced. Your arm bone needs to be moved back into your shoulder socket. As the dislocated joint starts swelling up even more and causes more pain, immediate treatment is necessary. After the arm bone is placed back into the socket, pain gets relieved to some extent. After the repositioning of the shoulder bone, you need to apply certain treatment measures.
They are as follows:
- Apply ice to your shoulder for reducing the swelling and pain. You need to do this every day for 20 to 30 minutes. Carry out this therapy for around 3 days and repeat it after every four hours in a day.
- You should use a shoulder immobiliser or a sling in order to prevent any further injury until medical treatment is received.
- You may take certain painkiller medicines. These may include NSAIDS or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They help in dealing with the pain and swelling associated with your dislocated shoulder. However, these medicines are associated with some side effects. You should not take such medications for extended periods without consulting your doctor.
- You need to carry out various strengthening exercises, along with stretching.
- In major cases, the above-mentioned treatment measures bear success and deal with your dislocated shoulder and its symptoms. In some intense cases, a surgery may be required.
- Sometimes, a surgery a for dislocated shoulder is required in order to repair your torn ligament. After such a surgery, you will be required to keep your arm hanging in a sling for around two months.
- In some severe and extreme cases of a dislocated shoulder, a surgery is carried out for correcting the position of your bones. In cases of recurring dislocated shoulder, a surgery for tightening the tendons surrounding your joints is essential.
The rate of recovery from a dislocated shoulder depends upon the seriousness of the injury. A dislocated shoulder may require a time of 3 weeks to 12 weeks for recovery and the recovery rate varies from person to person. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.