Poly Cystic Ovarian Disorder or PCOD is one of the most common gynecological problems faced by women around the world. This condition is characterized by an imbalance of hormones that causes menstrual irregularities and can affect the way a woman looks. If left untreated, PCOD can affect your chances of having a child in the future and increase your risk of heart disease and diabetes. Some of the changes that may become visible as a result of PCOD are:
- Acne: Recurrent acne breakouts are the most common symptom of PCOD. This usually takes the form of large, red pimples that are deep-seated and do not respond well to topical creams. Acne caused by PCOD usually develops on the cheeks, chin and along the jawline. These parts of your face are referred to as the hormonally sensitive parts of the face. It may also get aggravated by certain foods. Birth control pills are the best form of treatment for this type of acne.
- Weight Gain: Women suffering from PCOD put on weight easily, but it becomes difficult to shed weight. The hormonal imbalance makes it difficult for the body to use insulin. Instead, this is converted into fat and stored around the abdominal area. Women with PCOD tend to have more of an apple shaped body because of this. Being overweight can lead to a number of other problems and hence it is imperative for a PCOD patient to constantly keep their calorie intake in check.
- Hirsutism: One of the fallouts of a hormonal imbalance is that you may begin to notice excessive hair growth on your face, neck, arms, chest etc. This condition is known as hirsutism. Hirsutism is the result of an elevated presence of androgen hormones. These are the male hormones responsible for hair growth. Thankfully, this can be controlled. By eating a well-balanced diet, exercising regularly and living a healthy lifestyle you can control this hair growth.
- Balding: While on one hand, you will see unwanted hair growth on your arms and legs, the hair on your head may actually thin out. This is also a result of the excessive amount of androgen and testosterone hormones in your body. These hormones are converted into dihydrotestosterone or DHT by the body. DHT makes hair follicles shrink and thereby makes it easier for hair to fall out. It can also make hair finer and cause a lack of visual volume.
PCOD is responsible for infertily, abnormal menstrual bleeding and recurrant abortions. So, timely management is essential for protacting your health. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!