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Open Or Laparoscopy Surgery - Which Is Better In Case Of Intestine?

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Rahul Jawahar 89% (45 ratings)
MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Thrissur  •  6 years experience
Open Or Laparoscopy Surgery - Which Is Better In Case Of Intestine?

In order to maintain a healthy digestive system, your small intestine plays a major role. This is also called as the small bowel. The major function of the small intestine is that it absorbs fluids and nutrients from the food that you take in and discharges waste material to the large intestine. When there is a problem with the small intestine’s functioning, then your health is at total risk. It will not be able to absorb the essential elements from the food and will not send waste to the large intestine. You will need immediate intestine surgery for this. The doctor may even remove the damaged part of the small intestine if there is a blockage or any other infection inside. This surgery is also called as Small bowel resection.

Why do you need an Intestine Surgery?
There are many conditions that can cause some damage to the small intestine. Mostly, the damaged part of the small intestine is removed, but in rare cases, a small part of the same intestine is also removed to do some tests. When you have a severe ulcer, infection or bleeding in the small intestine, intestine cancer, any injuries to the small bowel or blockage in the small intestine then these can be some of the conditions which need an Intestine surgery.

Intestine Surgery procedure:
Usually, Intestine Surgery is performed in two different ways:
Open Surgery: Initially, you will be given anesthesia so that you will not feel the pain. Usually, depending on the severity of the problem, the surgery may take from one hour to eight hours also.

In Open Surgery, the abdomen part of the body is used to make an incision. The doctor will find the affected part of the intestine and will clamp it. Then the required part of the intestine is removed and stitched back to normal.
Laparoscopic Surgery: Coming to Laparoscopic Surgery, you will have small incisions compared to the incisions in Open surgery. Initially, the gas is sent inside the abdomen area in order to inflate the abdomen area. This will allow the surgeon to see things clearly inside. When small tools, camera, and lights are sent in the body and with the help of all these the affected part of the intestine is clamped. Now, that part is removed and the incisions are closed.

To finish the surgery, usually the two ends of the left out intestine are stapled or sewed together to make it into one. But in some cases, this may not be possible and hence they will make a new opening and that is called as Stoma. The intestine will discharge through the Stoma into a drainage bag. This entire process is called as an ileostomy.
You will have to stay on a liquid diet for at least seven-days post-surgery. If it was an emergency or a major part of the intestine gets removed, then you will need to stay in the hospital for two weeks.


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