Today I’m going to talk about the osteoarthritis of the knee. Osteoarthritis of the knee is very common for the arthritis. And we will discuss about the difference of the osteoarthritis means what is the differences of the osteoarthritis of the knee. So osteoarthritis of the knee is the degenerative disease of the joints. In this conditions the natural connecting between the joints cartilage becomes worse to worse. So when it happens bones between the joints means the bones of the joints becomes rough against one another.
So that roughing reasons in pain, stiffness, sometimes results in the osteo formations. And sometimes it results in the decrease in the joints mobility. So the types next the types of osteoarthritis are 2 types of osteoarthritis are there. One is tibia fibula osteoarthritis second is the patellofemoral joints arthritis. The causes for the osteoarthritis is first is the age. Age is the major risk factor for the osteoarthritis of the knee. Second hereditary, then weight, then repetitive strain injury.
Then arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis and some other illness like metabolic disorder. These are the causes for the arthritis of the knee. Then next is what the symptoms of the osteoarthritis of the knee are. First is the pain, second swelling then warmth filling of warmth in the joints then stiffness and the other symptoms are the decreased mobility of the joints and sometimes deformity also and then sometimes creepy also. So, these are the symptoms of the osteoarthritis of the knee. Second is the diagnose next step is the diagnosis. Diagnosis is based on the history and the physical examination. Other diagnosis are X-ray and MRI. So on MRI the some changes can see on MRI.
The changes involved are one is osteophytes formation that is the bone spur then narrowing of the joint space. Then what are the treatments for the osteoarthritis of the knee means the physiotherapy is the treatments for the osteoarthritis of the knee. So first that is discuss is the aim and goal of the physiotherapy treatments. First the aim, one is the reduced the pain and the inflammation. Second normalize the range of the motion. Third is the strengthen the knee muscle specially quadriceps and hamstring.
Then improve the functions, then improves balance, then improves the particular alignment and some functions. These are the aims and the goals of the physiotherapy. Then next come to the treatment for the physiotherapy. First is the race, second cold therapy, we can apply the ice in the knee joints to reduce the pain. Next thermotherapy, thermotherapy includes soluble diathermy, paraffin wax bath and hydro collator pack. These thermotherapy means these modality we can use according to the conditions.
Next electrotherapy. Electrotherapy includes IFC, ultra Sony and the TENS. These also we can use according to the patient’s conditions. Next exercises. Exercises are very important in the cases of osteoarthritis. Basically exercises have do strengthen the muscles, improves the flexibility, to improve the range of the motion. Next water reduction. Next aerobic like cycling, walking then tapping then supporting device like braces we can also use. These are the physiotherapy treatments. So if you are suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee you can get this physiotherapy. And if you have any investigations you can contact on lybrate.