Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that occurs in the form of spots, blackheads, whiteheads, cysts, nodules, papules, pustules and pimples on the face, shoulders, neck, chest, upper arms and the back. The clogging of skin pores by bacteria, oil and dead skin cells causes it. Acne occurs during puberty during the activation of the sebaceous glands that produce oil when stimulated by the male hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both sexes. Acne is mainly caused by genetics, anxiety, menstrual cycle in females, stress, humid climate, squeezing pimples and use of makeup.
Hormonal changes in the body influence the development of acne. This is caused by the increase of the androgen levels in the body. Androgen is a type of hormone that mainly occurs in increasing quantities among teenagers. It is also produced in large quantities in obese women where it gets converted into estrogen. Increase in the androgen levels causes the growth of oil glands that are underneath the skin. The grown glands produce more sebum that breaks down cellular walls in the pores facilitating the growth of bacteria that cause acne. Hormonal acne normally occurs around the mouth, jawline and the chin before spreading to the face and other parts of the body.
Most research on the link between acne and diet is inconclusive. However, there is an indication that diet partly influences the development of acne on the skin. Diet comprising of processed foods such as refined grains have a high glycemic index hence causes acne on the skin. This is because refined carbohydrates are quickly broken down to sugar causing an increase in the insulin levels which in turn increases sebum production that blocks skin pores.
Seek Help From Your Gynaecologist
Many people get acne because of hormonal imbalance in their body. Therefore, it is necessary to seek a gynaecologist to establish the cause of your acne. Gynaecologists say that testosterone increase in the body causes an increase in sebum that leads to acne Gynaecologist, therefore, can prescribe a medicine that will help to reduce the testosterone levels and maintain the estrogen levels keeping your skin smooth and healthy.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!