As you reach the age of 40, you will likely notice changes in your vision. Perhaps you have difficulty reading a book without glasses or distinguishing between colours. These changes occur as an effect of ageing. However, nowadays people in their teens are also exposed to a host of eye disorders and vision problems, mostly resulting from eye injuries and visual stress.
The most common disorders of the eye, which affect the age group 19-40, are Refractive errors. The following signs and symptoms characterize such disorders -
What are the Refractive errors?
Refractive errors develop when the light cannot focus on the retina (the light-sensitive tissue situated at the rear side of the eye) directly due to the shape of the eye. The change in the cornea’s shape, the ageing of the lens or the length of your eyeball can lead to refractive errors. Most people suffer from one or more of the above conditions.
Type of Refractive Errors:
Following are the most common types of refractive errors -
Can early diagnosis help treat the problem?
Yes, it can. Your eye care specialist can diagnose refractive errors and detect what exactly is impeding your vision with a comprehensive dilated eye examination. Upon encountering the symptoms mentioned above, one should consult an ophthalmologist at the earliest and get oneself checked.
If the condition is detected early, vision problems due to refractive errors can be treated. The common treatment options include the use of contact lenses, prescription glasses and surgery (in severe cases).
People with vision problems should also adopt some lifestyle changes to correct their vision - eat more veggies, get adequate sleep and rest, abstain from smoking, etc. Additionally, you should get periodic eye check-ups to monitor the condition.