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Endometrial Ablation - Procedure And Recovery

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Sumati Saxena 90% (21 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Allahabad  •  34 years experience
Endometrial Ablation - Procedure And Recovery

The menstrual period is a tough time for every woman. But some suffer from heavy bleeding, bleeding between the menstrual cycles or a prolonged period of bleeding due to hormonal changes or other conditions such as fibroids and polyps. In such cases, Endometrial Ablation would be recommended.

It is a medical process that helps to remove the thin layers that line the uterus. Endometrial ablation is not performed surgically. This ensures that woman stays clear of any cuts or incisions on their body when they undergo the process.

What is the endometrial ablation process like?
The Endometrial Ablation process involves the use of thin tools to penetrate the uterus through the vagina. One common tool is the hydrothermal process, wherein fluids are gently pumped into the uterus after which the fluids are heated. Within a span of ten minutes, the heated fluid destroys the lining of the uterus. The balloon therapy is another Endometrial Ablation tool used these days. A thin tube that features a special balloon at its end is inserted into the uterus. Heated fluid will then fill up the balloon, which in turn expands and destroys the entire lining of the uterus.

Sometimes special wands are used that apply microwave energy into the uterus to destroy the tissue lining. At times, a freezing method is also used. It is known as cryoablation by which a cold tip freezes the tissue lining of the uterus very quickly.

Are there any risks involved with a procedure like endometrial ablation?

Endometrial Ablation is quite a safe medical procedure to undergo. However, there does remain a minuscule chance of contracting an infection or suffering from heavy bleeding while undergoing this procedure. The tools used by doctors for ablation may damage or burn organs in the uterus, but the chances of such an incident remain rare.


How do you recover after endometrial ablation?
Women that undergo this medical process do not take a long time to heal. They are advised to return to their normal routine within just one week. They may suffer from bleeding and cramps for a few days. Following the process, they may experience a bloody or watery discharge for up to three weeks. Other sensations may include a desire to urinate now and then. These happen within the first twenty-four hours of undergoing the procedure. Complaints of nausea are also common. Further to this procedure, women can ingest pain medication to speed the recovery process. They are advised against lifting heavy objects. Doctors and health professionals may prohibit women from engaging in sexual activities, using tampons, douches, etc.

Endometrial Ablation remains a relatively risk-free procedure that can be undertaken to deal with menstrual cramps and recurrent instances of vaginal bleeding and avail the much-needed relief. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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