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Appendectomy - Know Types Of It!

Reviewed by
Dr. Biswanath Gouda 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MPH, Fellowship - Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery, DNB - General Surgery, Fellowship - Hepatobiliary and Liver Transplant Surgery, Fellowship - Bariatric Surgery, Fellow in International HPB Surgery( FIHPBA)
General Surgeon, Mumbai  •  18 years experience
Appendectomy - Know Types Of It!

Appendicitis occurs when there is an obstruction in the lining of the appendix, resulting in an infection. Left to itself, it may lead to swelling, inflammation, formation of pus, and rupture of the appendix. The most common symptoms of appendicitis are pain in the abdomen, abdominal swelling, nausea, loss of appetite, high fever.

What is the Appendix?
Appendix is a small, 3.5 inches long pouch-like tube of tissues present in the colon, which is located on the right side of your lower abdomen. Quite a few research studies suggest that the appendix functions as a depository for the good bacteria and helps reboot your digestive system after it is rendered dysfunctional by diseases like diarrhea. However, doctors suggest that the human body can function perfectly without an appendix and hence, one can have their appendix removed in order to prevent bacterial infection or inflammation from spreading to the abdominal cavity.

Appendicitis surgery, also known as appendectomy, is the procedure of removing the appendix before it gets ruptured.

There are two methods of performing an appendectomy- open appendectomy and laparoscopic appendectomy.

  1. Open appendectomy- During the procedure, the doctor will make a surgical cut in your lower abdomen to remove the appendix. Moreover, if the appendix has already burst, your abdominal cavity will be cleaned. After that, the wound will be carefully stitched. Open appendectomy is the preferred choice for those who’ve had surgery before, or when the abdominal infection has spread to other body organs.
  2. Laparoscopic appendectomy- To start with this procedure, the doctor will first make a couple of cuts – usually three - in your abdomen and insert a narrow small tube known as cannula. The cannula inflates your abdomen with carbon dioxide gas, which gives your doctor a clear view of the appendix. Next, a thin long tube with an attached camera and light, known as laparoscope, will be inserted through the cut. The camera displays the images of your abdomen and appendix on a monitor screen and thereby allows your doctor to tie it off with stitches and remove it. After the removal, the incision will be cleaned, closed and dressed. This type of surgery is a preferred option for adults who are slightly overweight. Moreover, this procedure is safer and faster as compared to open appendectomy.

Appendectomy is usually a safe and permanent solution to have your appendicitis removed. It does not have many serious complications or side effects. Like all surgeries, there are some post-treatment guidelines to quicken the recovery process. You should clear your doubts with your doctor after the surgery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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