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HI, I would like to know that what purpose chloramphenicol 250 is used? Please suggest me.

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad
HI, I would like to know that what purpose chloramphenicol 250 is used? Please suggest me.
This medicine is used to treat infections caused by gram negative strains of bacteria which are severe and untreatable by other available medicines. Some of these infections are Bacterial meningitis, rickettsia, and others caused by susceptible organisms. Nov.
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Menstrual Disorders - Know What Causes It!

MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Menstrual Disorders - Know What Causes It!
Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

- Hormonal imbalance

Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

- Anatomic problems

One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

- Clotting irregularities

Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

- Medications and supplements

There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.

- Miscellaneous factors

These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.

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10 Foods You Should Not Consume After They Expire

Post Graduation In Dietetics & Applied Nutrition, B.sc (H) In Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Secunderabad
10 Foods You Should Not Consume After They Expire
Though some foods do not expire, but it is advisable not to consume certain foods once they have expired.

Eggs: Eggs contain large amounts of nutrients per calorie. They are a cheap and tasty source of protein. It is no big surprise that they have turned into a breakfast staple; yet in case that you are eating an egg that is past its expiry date, do reconsider. These are the most widely recognized reasons for food-borne illnesses.
Meat: Bacteria are common in both pre-packaged meats, and in the pieces you take from your butcher at the market. The listeria bacteria are especially hazardous, as the type of harm it causes can be lethal in most of the cases. From a general outlook, it is best to avoid processed meat.
Mixed greens: Mixed greens including spinach, arugula, spring blend, bundled plate of mixed greens lettuce and other veggies do not keep extremely well after their due date. So if their withered appearance and disgusting covering does not turn you off, think about the bacteria and pathogens hiding underneath your sandwich bread.
Hay sprouts: It is important that you use them rapidly once you get them, since they tend to be bacteria magnets. Truth be told, hay pulls in a greater number of germs than other vegetables, particularly in case you abandon them unrefrigerated.
Clams/oysters: Bad oysters can be fatal. This is based on the type of microscopic organisms that develop in spoiled oysters. It is known as V. vulnificus. It causes an extreme type of food poisoning. V. vulnificus bacteria affects the circulatory system, sending the body into a septic shock.
Shrimp: Much like clams and shellfish, shrimps are extremely inclined to bacterial contaminations. It is not to be consumed after a while since it can lead to food poisoning or diarrhea.
Crude ground beef: E. coli bacteria are the most basic reason for food poisoning. These bacteria originate from the animal s digestive systems and are available in all hamburger items. In case that the hamburger is prepared and taken care of securely, it will not turn into a problem.
Berries: When berries turn sour, they pull in extensive amounts of cyclospora, a kind of bacteria that leads to food poisoning. While this sort of food poisoning is not as harmful as some others, it is something you definitely need to stay away from.
Soft cheese: With hard cheeses, similar to cheddar, it is regularly safe to remove the external edges and eat the soft cheese underneath. However, this practice does not reach out to soft cheeses, similar to brie. In case you are discovering mold on the edges of your soft cheese, do not eat it. You may end up with an infection.
Chicken: Poultry items, including chicken tend to cause the maximum harm in case that they are not taken care of and cooked properly. Undercooked and old chicken can be very unsafe for health.
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Treatment of Fissure!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Fissure!
Treatment of Fissure

Homeopathic Treatment of Fissure
Acupuncture Treatment of Fissure
Psychotherapy Treatment of Fissure
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fissure
Surgical Treatment of Fissure
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Fissure
Other Treatment of Fissure
What is Fissure
Symptoms of Fissure
Causes of Fissure
Risk factors of Fissure
Complications of Fissure
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Fissure
Precautions & Prevention of Fissure
Treatment of Fissure

Homeopathic Treatment of Fissure

Homeopathy has many medicines to relieve the uneasiness of Fissure. Homeopathic medicines are basically aimed at improving or increasing the healing process of the fissures. Following are some homeopathic remedies for fissure :-

Tarentula hispanica
Graphites
Nitric acid
Ratanhia
Paeonia
Silicea

Acupuncture Treatment of Fissure

During the acupuncture treatment, patients were not allowed to eat sharp and spicy food and also suggested to increase their use of high fiber foods. Acupuncture treatment is very helpful and successful for Fissure diseases.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Fissure

Psychotherapy can improve the therapeutic possibilities of drugs, diet and surgery. Behavior therapy and psychotherapy may also prove helpful in the treatment of constipation which in turn reduces fissure. Hypnotherapy can be used to quickly relieve stress and other negative emotions.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fissure

Allopathic remedy is used for the treatment of fissure or chronic anal fissure. Allopathic remedies reduce anal sphincter pressure, muscle weakness and improves anodermal blood flow which allows the fissure to heal.

Surgical Treatment of Fissure

Surgical procedure consists of a minor surgical operation to cut in anal muscle. This helps the fissure to heal by preventing pain and spasm. The purpose to cut this muscle, mainly control the bowel movements. The procedure of choice is called lateral sphincterotomy

Dietary & Herbal & Herbal Treatment of Fissure

Take plenty of water and fruit juices
Eat easily digestible food
Eat more vegetables
Eating a high-fiber diet.
Avoid hard foods(i.e. nuts, popcorn and chips)
Avoid to eat non-veg and fatty diet
Other Treatment of Fissure

Scratching at all costs. You could get sorer and infect the area.
Oily foods, spicy foods, junk foods and fast foods should be avoided.
Drinking alcohol, tea and coffee, and smoking should also be avoided.

What is Fissure?

An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining the anus which can cause pain and/or bleeding. The symptoms of an anal fissure are extreme pain during defecation and red blood streaking the stool. Patients may try to avoid defecation because of the pain.

Symptoms of Fissure

Pain while passing stools
Blood marked stool
Itching, swelling and irritation around the anus
A visible split or cut in the skin around the anus

Causes of Fissure

Extreme constipation
Hard dry stool
Diarrhea or Cancer
Chronic use of laxatives
Anus injury
Drug induced
Multiple pregnancies
Risk factors of Fissure
Constipation
Childbirth
Infancy
Older Adults
Crohn s disease
Sexually transmitted dieases

Complications of Fissure

Piles
Anorectal fistula
Anal Itching
Crohns dieases
Cancer
Anal abscess

Diagnosis of Fissure

Fissures are diagnosed by simple rectal examination. Additional testing may be advised if other medical problems such as inflammatory bowel disease or infections are considered as a cause.

Precautions & Precautions & Prevention of Fissure

Sitz baths or warm water bath
Cleansing more gently
Avoid sports, such as fast walking and jogging
Avoid using toilet papers.
Avoid Smoking, drinking alcohol and coffee
Follow regular bowel habits
Treat diarrhea or constipation immediately
Maintain the anus clean and hygiene

Peritoneal Dialysis - Understanding The Procedure!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Peritoneal Dialysis - Understanding The Procedure!
No Blood, No needle, No visit to hospital, you can do yourself at home with water. A thin layer of transparent screen like structure hangs in front of the abdominal muscles known as peritoneum. This peritoneum protects the abdominal structures and the muscle. This can also be used for performing dialysis which is carried out when the functioning of kidney gets affected. In peritoneal dialysis a thin and soft catheter is placed in the person s belly one week before performing the procedure.

The catheter has numerous holes in order to facilitate the transformation of fluids. Dialysis solution is prepared in a bag and the tubing is connected to the catheter placed in the abdomen thereby, the fluids absorb the waste materials from the body. The fluid is allowed to stay in your body for a particular period of time which is commonly referred as dwell time and later the fluid is drained out.

There are two types of peritoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and automated peritoneal dialysis. This is the simple form of dialysis which anybody can perform after a short training period and this can be done anywhere in clean private place like hotels, home and even in office.

Procedure followed during Peritoneal Dialysis



All you need to perform a peritoneal dialysis is catheter and transfer set, cycler, dialysis solution and safety precautions materials to stay away from getting infections.
Step 1 - Perform a sterile aseptic technique. Wear a glove and surgical mask before connecting the catheters and transfer set. Clamp the tubing and remove the catheter once the dialysis solution enters your abdomen
Step 2 - Allow the solution to remain in your abdomen for a particular period of dwell time
Step 3 - Drain the fluid from the abdominal cavity into the drain bag. You may feel a mild tugging sensation when adequate amount of fluid is drained.
Step 4 - After drain close or clamp the transfer set and later flush a fresh solution directly to drain bag so as to remove the air from the tubing.
Step 5 - Close your drain bag and open your transfer set and refill your belly with fresh solution.

Make sure you perform without giving way for infection and excess fluid and dextrose absorption.
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Treatment of E. coli!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of E. coli!
Treatment of E. coli

Homeopathic Treatment of E. coli
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of E. coli
Psychotherapy Treatment of E. coli
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of E. coli
Surgical Treatment of E. coli
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of E. coli
Other Treatment of E. coli
What is E. coli
Symptoms of E. coli
Causes of E. coli
Risk factors of E. coli
Complications of E. coli
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of E. coli
Precautions & Prevention of E. coli
Treatment of E. coli

Homeopathic Treatment of E Coli

Homeopathy relieves pain, diarrhea and other complaints. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for E Coli are:

Carb V
China
Crot T
Verat
Rheum
Podo

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of E Coli

There are many conventional medicines available. These must be taken under medical supervision.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of E. coli

Drink plenty of fluids to help with dehydration and fatigue
Eat low-fiber foods
Avoid dairy products, fatty foods, high-fiber foods or highly seasoned foods

What is E. coli?

coli is a type of bacteria that lives in your intestines. You can get E. coli infections by eating foods containing the bacteria. Most varieties of E. coli are harmless or cause relatively brief diarrhea.

Symptoms of E. coli

Diarrhea
Nausea and vomiting
Abdominal pain and tenderness

Causes of E. coli

By eating contaminated food
By drinking contaminated water
When infected adults and children don t wash their hands properly

Risk factors of E. coli

Young children and older adults
People who have weakened immune systems
Undercooked hamburger; unpasteurized milk, apple juice and soft cheeses made from raw milk.

Complications of E. coli

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)

Diagnosis of E. coli

Diagnosis of E. coli involves the following test:

Sample of your stool is sent to a laboratory to test for the presence of E. coli bacteria.

Precautions & Prevention of E. coli

Wash your hands after preparing or eating food, using the bathroom, or changing diapers
Wash utensils with hot soapy water before using
Avoid pink hamburger
Drink only pasteurized milk
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5 Things You Should Know About Laparoscopic Surgery!

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery )
General Surgeon, Bangalore
5 Things You Should Know About Laparoscopic Surgery!
Laparoscopic surgery is also known as minimally invasive surgery. It leads to a lesser amount of pain after the surgery, and therefore requires less medication also. It reduces the possibility of hemorrhage, thereby, lowering the possibility of requiring blood transfusion. The smaller length and depth of the incision also means that the patient recovers from the surgery faster than usual. There is also a lesser chance of contracting infections because a larger number of organs remain unexposed and therefore uncontaminated. Laparoscopic surgeries also cause smaller, lighter scars once the surgery wound heals completely.

However, as with any surgery, complications may occur during the course of laparoscopic surgery.



Wound infection: Even though laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive and the possibility of contracting infections is considerably less, the wound is capable of getting infected. Hence, it is essential to maintain the cleanliness and hygiene recommendations provided by the concerned medical staff. It is also assumed that the surgeons would prevent this possibility by maintaining strict protocols regarding this issue on their part.
Bruising: After surgery, depending on the type and duration of the procedure, the patient is always advised to follow certain restrictions regarding mobility and restriction of normal day to day functioning. These rules must be followed in order to prevent the possibility of bruising after a laparoscopic surgery.
Hematoma formation: A hematoma is an accumulation of blood outside the blood vessel. This is not normal at all and requires urgent inspection and treatment. This is a relatively common complication that happens after a laparoscopic surgical procedure. Precautions are taken by surgeons to avoid this but it may still occur. It needs to be diagnosed early, and then the bleeding vessel needs to be emobilized selectively in order to reduce any further complication of this type.
Anesthesia related complications: To prevent anesthesia related complications during laparoscopic surgery, it is essential that procedures related to the airways, ventilation, analgesia, antimetics are followed in the preoperative state.
Injury: Any injury that may be inflicted on the blood vessels present in the walls of the abdomen or on the sidewall in the pelvic region, as well as injuries in the bowel area and the urinary tract. Proper protocol must be followed by the doctor to avoid such complications as much as possible.

Tips For Fast Recovery Post Surgery!

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB - Orthopedics, Mch
Orthopedist, Delhi
Tips For Fast Recovery Post Surgery!
Knee joint surgery is a long and arduous procedure in most causes. However, outpatient procedures sometimes take less than an hour and require minimal recovery time. It is commonly conducted in cases of:

Progressive arthritisa
Injury, dislocation or fracture
To fix deformities
If one is aware of these informative tips post-surgery, recovery can be a less painful and easier process :

Clean linen sheets to prevent infection to the wound
In case of pain, ice packs over the bandage can be used. However, one should be cautious as extended use of ice can result in cold burns
Installation of preventive fall equipment is necessary to ensure that the patient does not sustain further injuries post-surgery.
Knee surgery recovery can be very time consuming in which case, the patient may experience high levels of anxiety, and depression. A close friend should be available in times of emotional need to reduce negative feelings.
Crutches and other supportive objects should perpetually be in close proximity to the patient as it can be very difficult for patients to reach their close destination without the help of these necessities when in need.
In case of intensive pain attacks, the patient should be taught relaxation techniques such as breathing in and out or breathing intensively in settled intervals
The patient should be put on a strict diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates and healthy fat to allow faster recovery
The patient should also get 8-10 hours of sleep daily to allow the system to recover on its own
The patient should not put pressure on their body during the recovery time, especially the injured area
It is a prerequisite for the families and loved ones of the patients to show emotional support as feelings of isolation can cause further pain to the patient. Along with that, the patient should keep a positive attitude during the course of their bed-rest time. If one keeps these tips noted, recovery can be a less arduous condition.

Treatment of E. Coli!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of E. Coli!
Treatment of E. coli

Homeopathic Treatment of E. coli
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of E. coli
Psychotherapy Treatment of E. coli
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of E. coli
Surgical Treatment of E. coli
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of E. coli
Other Treatment of E. coli
What is E. coli
Symptoms of E. coli
Causes of E. coli
Risk factors of E. coli
Complications of E. coli
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of E. coli
Precautions & Prevention of E. coli
Treatment of E. coli

Homeopathic Treatment of E Coli

Homeopathy relieves pain, diarrhea and other complaints. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for E Coli are:

Carb V
China
Crot T
Verat
Rheum
Podo

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of E Coli

There are many conventional medicines available. These must be taken under medical supervision.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of E. coli

Drink plenty of fluids to help with dehydration and fatigue
Eat low-fiber foods
Avoid dairy products, fatty foods, high-fiber foods or highly seasoned foods
What is E. coli

coli is a type of bacteria that lives in your intestines. You can get E. coli infections by eating foods containing the bacteria. Most varieties of E. coli are harmless or cause relatively brief diarrhea.

Symptoms of E. coli

Diarrhea
Nausea and vomiting
Abdominal pain and tenderness
Causes of E. coli

By eating contaminated food
By drinking contaminated water
When infected adults and children don t wash their hands properly
Risk factors of E. coli

Young children and older adults
People who have weakened immune systems
Undercooked hamburger; unpasteurized milk, apple juice and soft cheeses made from raw milk.
Complications of E. coli

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)

Diagnosis of E. coli

Diagnosis of E. coli involves the following test:

Sample of your stool is sent to a laboratory to test for the presence of E. coli bacteria.

Precautions & Prevention of E. coli

Wash your hands after preparing or eating food, using the bathroom, or changing diapers
Wash utensils with hot soapy water before using
Avoid pink hamburger
Drink only pasteurized milk

Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!
Acute renal failure is an exceptional condition that befalls when the kidney loses the ability to eradicate salts, waste material and fluid from the blood. Since waste elimination is the core function of the kidney, failure to do so results in body fluids rising to dangerous levels. Acute renal failure is often witnessed by people who are already under medical supervision. The condition can aggravate in a matter of few days to few weeks. It is potentially a life-threatening condition and requires expert medical care under supervision.

Potential causes of acute renal failure: There could be a flurry of reasons for a renal failure. Some of the common ones include conditions that slow down the flow of blood to the kidney, kidney gets directly damage, the uterus gets blocked and the waste can t leave the body through the urine etc. Here is more on the causes:

Kidney failure due to slow blood flow to the kidney: Some diseases or conditions that might slow down the flow of blood to the kidney include fluid loss, heart attack, allergic reaction, infection, extreme dehydration, cardiac diseases, liver failure, consumption of blood pressure related medication, use of drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen etc., severe burns etc.
Kidney failure due to a direct damage to the kidneys: Some of the agents/diseases or condition that can directly damage the kidneys include
Cancer of the plasma cells
Premature destruction of the RBC, a condition known as the Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Certain medication including but not limited to chemotherapy drugs, dyes that are utilized in imagery tests, zoledronic acid etc.
An inflammation of the blood vessels
A disorder of the immune system leading to glomerulonephritis. This condition is known as lupus
A rare disease affecting the connective tissues and skin, known as scleroderma.
Inflammation of the kidney filters known as glomerulonephritis
Consumption of certain toxins including but not limited to heavy metals, alcohol, cocaine etc
A blood disorder, known as the Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.
Renal failure due to blockage of the urine: There are certain conditions, diseases that can block the passage of urine leading to acute renal failure. The urinary obstruction can result from an array of conditions including enlarged prostate, kidney stones, blood clots in the tract of the urine, cancer in the bladder, cancer in the colon, damage of the nerve that controls the bladder, cancer-related to the cervics etc.
Some special condition: Apart from the condition mentioned-above, there are certain disorders that can lead to acute renal failure due to clotting of the blood vessels. Some of the conditions are malignant hypertension, hemolytic uremic syndrome, transfusion reaction, ITTP, scleroderma etc.
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