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Anxiety And Its Symptoms

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Kaartik Gupta 87% (35 ratings)
M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, M.Sc Psychology (Clinical), BA - Hons Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi  •  9 years experience
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Hello Everyone! My name is Dr Kaartik Gupta and I am a clinical psychologist at AKGs Ovihams Medical Center.

Aaj hum anxiety ke baare mein baat karenge. Anxiety bahut hi common and natural phenomena hai. Jo humein kabhi na kabhi kisi na kisi situation mein experience hota hi hai. Anxiety ke apne kuch faayde bhi hain. Jaise hum iske revolution prospect ki baat karen to isne hi ensure kia tha ki sab survive karen. Jab bhi hume kahin na kahin threat mehsus hota hai, hamari jo anxiety ka response hai , vo activate ho jaata hai. Activate hone ka matlb hai ki hamari body is tarike se bani hui hai, ki jab bhi hum arouse hote hain ya jab bhi humein threat mehsus hota hai, hamari body automatically fight-flight-freeze response ke mode mein aa jaati hai. Jiska matlb ye hota hai ki ya to hum us situation mein ladenge, ya to hum us situation se bhaagne ki koshish karenge ya hum bilkul numb ho jaate hain.

Agar hum symptoms ki baat karen anxiety ke ya jo commonly humein mehsus hote hain, uske physical symptoms hote hain , jaise ki hamari heart-beat badh jaati hai, pulse rate badh jati hai, breathing heavy hone lagti hai, kayi logon ko sweating hone lagta hai specially palm mein sweating ho jaata hai, dry mouth hone lagta hai. To ye saare physical symptoms hai anxiety hone ke. Psychological symptoms hote hain ki hum overthink karne lagte hain, hum future ke baare mein darane lagte hain, hum apprehensive hone lagte hain. Ek hi time pe dimaag mein hazaron khayal aate hain, jisko hum racing thoughts bolte hain. Behavioral responses hote hain ki hum restless hone lgte hain.

Kayi log start speaking faster, kayi log fumble karne lagte hain ya even stammer karne lagte hain. Ye behavioral symptoms hain anxiety ke , jo dusron ko bhi mehsus hote hain ya unko dikhne lagte hain. Hum sab anxiety disorder ki baat karte hain , to vo disorder isliye kaha jaata hai ki jab ye anxiety itni zyaada severe ho jaye , ya hum itne zyaada intense ho jaaye or itna frequently mehsus hone lage ki hamari personal, occupational, or social functioning hai, uspe uska impact aane lage. Tab hum anxiety ko ek anxiety disorder kehte hain. Anxiety disorder mein kayi saare sub-types hote hai, jaise generalised anxiety disorder jisko hum GAD kehte hain ya free floating anxiety bolte hain.

Iske symptoms apko lagataar 6 mahine ke liye mehsus hote hain jahan mein aapki body mein stiffness hoti hai, nausea ho sakta hai, restlessness reh sakti hai, palpitaion bhi bahut common hai. Dusra ho sakta hai phobia - jisko hum fear bhi bolte hain. It is fear of a specific situation or an object. Us situation ko hum avoid karne lagte hain, quki humein lagta hai ki ye hamare liye bahut threatening hai or us avoidance ki vajah se hi hamara darr badhne lagta hai.

Ek or disorder hai - panic disorder. Jisme vyakti ko panic disorder hote hain, palpitations hote hain , reathing bahut heavy hone lgti hai. Unhe lagta hai kahin unhe heart attack na aa jaye , ya vo collapse na kar jaayen. To humne aisa kayi baar dekha hai ki jinko panic attack hota hai , vo hospital bhaagte hain especially apna ECG krane k liye, ki kahin heart attack to nahi hai. Ek or OCD hai isme vyakti ko repetitive thoughts ya, images ya impulsive aate hain jo unke control mein nahi rehte or is vajah se patient ko bahut stress mehsus hota hai. Us anxiety ko deal karne k liye vo kuch na kuch repetitive behave karte hain , jisko compulsive bola jaata hai - jaise iski common theme ho sakti hai saaf safayi ko leke. Uska result hota hai ki person starts washing there hand again and again. They take bath again and again. Aise hi kuch log hote hain jo baar baar locks check karte hain , ya gas stove check karte hain ki vo band hai ki nahi. To ye OCD ke symptoms ho sakte hain.

Treatment ki agar hum baat karen to jaise baaki psychological problems hoti hain, anxiety disorder ke liye bhi best treatment and best combination of medicines and psychotherapy hoti hai. Medicines mein psychiatric medicines ho sakti hain, allopathy medicines hoti hain, anxiety medicines and even homeopathy medicines kaafi effective hain. Psychotherapy mein CBT jahan pe hum focus krte hain , vyakati ke jo false perception hain ya jo thinking hai , jaise jo situation itni dangerous nahi hai ya jo threatening nahi hai ya usko threatening soch lete hain, they start thinking of extreme, ki ye ho jayega is situation mein ya vo ho jayega. Through therapy, that is what we try to identify , ki kya thinking process chal rha hai jahan pe error ho raha hai ya problem ho rahi hai usko identify krane ke baad usey hum modify karte hain and the person is trained to think in a different manner or jab unki perception change hoti hai , they start thinking in a different way.

Jab unka behavior hota hai ki they start facing the situation more often, confidently face karte hain, unka anxiety or darr automatically kam hone lagta hain. Iske alawa kuch relaxation exercises hain , jo sikhayi jaati hai vyakti ko , to calm themselves down on general basis, especially jab unko koi anxiety hoti hai, us time ke liye vo cheez kam karti hai. Iske aalwa ye chiz bhi samjhni bahut zaruri hai ki anxiety bahut natural phenomena hai, jo hum sabhi ko hota hai.

To hum anxiety se na darr ke un symptoms ko hone de, vo automatically subside kar jayega, quki hmari body us tarike se program me nahi hai ki hum us stage mein bahut der ke liye persist kar sakte hain ya reh sakte hain. Agar hum anxiety us time hone dein, it will automatically settle down without doing extra any other thing. So, you just be with anxiety and let it pass and you will feel better automatically. Iske alwa agar kbhi apko ya apke parivaar me kisi ko anxiety ke symptoms mehsus hon ya aap observe kar skte hain to aap AKGs Ovihams Medical Center joki Delhi me hai, pitampura, rajouri garden or moti bagh me available hai, aap humse psychological and homeopathic treatment k lia consult kar skte hain. Thank you.

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