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Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease that occurs when the intestinal tissue become damaged and begins to die. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Necrotizing Enterocolitis include swelling in the abdomen, bloody stools, and diarrhea. If not treated, Necrotizing Enterocolitis can become life-threatening. In a severe case of Necrotizing Enterocolitis, a hole may form in the wall of the intestine and if this happens, the bacteria normally found inside the intestine can leak into the abdomen and cause infection.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician/Pediatrics diagnoses Necrotizing Enterocolitis by doing a physical examination and X-Ray of the abdomen to closely monitor and look for signs of infections.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS TREATED?
The severity, age of child and overall health of the child is considered before treating the child for Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Fluids and nutrients are administered intravenously and antibiotics are given to fight infection. Severe cases need surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
In severe cases of the necrotizing enterocolitis, the inner lining of the intestinal tissues gets inflamed to an extent that there can be a hole created on the walls of the intestines. This can cause bacteria found inside the intestine to leak into the abdomen causing widespread infection.