Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency, commonly known as G6PD deficiency is a rare inherited condition when the body does not have enough of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme that is needed for the red blood cells to function normally. The symptoms include paleness of skin, severe tiredness, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, enlarged spleen or dark coloured urine.
HOW IS GLUCOSE 6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY DIAGNOSED?
The condition goes undiagnosed until the child shows symptoms. With the symptoms, if the general physician suspects G6PD deficiency, he may recommend blood tests to rule out other causes of anaemia.
HOW IS GLUCOSE 6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY TREATED?
Treatment for G6PD deficiency consists of removing the trigger that is causing symptoms. If the condition was triggered by an infection, then the underlying infection is treated accordingly. Treatment may involve:
• Medicines to treat an infection, if present
• Stopping any drugs that are causing red blood cell destruction
• Transfusions, in some cases
DID YOU KNOW?
The treatment usually helps the patient recover completely.