Cryptosporidiosis is a parasitic disease caused by a genus of protozoan parasites. It mainly affects children, mainly affecting the distal small intestine and respiratory tract. It usually occurs as asymptomatic infection, an acute infection (lasts less than 2 weeks) or a chronic infection. Common symptoms of intestinal Cryptosporidiosis are moderate to severe diarrhea, low-grade fever, crampy abdominal pain, dehydration, weight loss, fatigue, and nausea. For respiratory Cryptosporidiosis, symptoms are inflammation of the nasal mucosa, nasal discharge, hoarseness of voice, shortness of breath and fever
HOW IS CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS DIAGNOSED?
There are several diagnostic tests for Cryptosporidiosis. General physicians may prescribe microscopic, staining and detection of antibodies for diagnosing the disease. Acid-fast staining and fluorescent microscopy are two common test methods
HOW IS CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS TREATED?
Most people who have healthy immune systems will recover without treatment. Diarrhea can be managed by drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Anti-diarrheal medicine may help slow down diarrhea. People with AIDS, anti-retroviral therapy that improves the immune status will also decrease or eliminate symptoms of cryptosporidiosis. However, even if symptoms disappear, cryptosporidiosis is often not curable and the symptoms may return if the immune status gets worse.
DID YOU KNOW?
This acute infection usually comes with fever and lasts about two weeks.