This liver scarring ailment develops due to poor or impaired liver functioning. It is usually diagnosed at the terminal end of a chronic liver disease. Alcohol abuse and toxin exposure can cause this disease. The most common symptoms include appetite loss, nasal bleeding, jaundice, weight loss, itchy skin with the appearance of spidery arteries, and fatigue.
HOW IS CIRRHOSIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician looks for the following during a physical examination: pale skin, yellow eyes, reddened palms, hand tremors, an enlarged liver or spleen, small testicles, excess breast tissue in men, decreased alertness. The tests for diagnosis are:
2. Coagulation blood tests
3. Albumin test
4. Liver function test
5. Alpha-fetoprotein test
6. Upper endoscopy
7. Ultrasound scan of the liver
8. MRI / CT scan
9. liver biopsy
HOW IS CIRRHOSIS TREATED?
Treatment for cirrhosis varies based on the cause and severity of the problem. The treatments which the doctor might prescribe include:
• Beta blockers or nitrates (for portal hypertension)
• Quitting drinking (if the cirrhosis is caused by alcohol)
• Banding procedures (used to control bleeding from oesophagal varices)
• Intravenous antibiotics (to treat peritonitis that can occur with ascites)
• Haemodialysis (to purify the blood of those in kidney failure)
• Lactulose and a low protein diet (to treat encephalopathy)
DID YOU KNOW?
Transplantation of the liver is becoming an important option for treating patients with advanced cirrhosis. There are several ways to reduce your risk of developing cirrhosis of the liver which is to avoid alcohol intake, have safe sex with multiple partners, eat a well-balanced, low-fat diet high in fruits and vegetables and take vitamins, maintain a healthy weight, because excess body fat can cause fatty liver, which may lead to liver disease.