Chest pain may be caused due to a variety of reasons starting from heart attacks, to angina, and even gastrointestinal reasons like excess acid reflux or GERD, as well as lung related conditions like pneumonia and bronchitis. Also, muscle and bone ailments like broken ribs and fractures can cause chest pain.
HOW IS CHEST PAIN DIAGNOSED?
There are a variety of tests that will be carried out in the emergency ward of the hospital by the general surgeon in order to diagnose the cause of chest pain. An ECG, blood tests that measure the levels of the enzymes, stress tests, X Rays, an MRI or CT scan, as well as an angiogram are some of the tests that can help in diagnosis.
HOW IS CHEST PAIN TREATED?
The general surgeon will usually prescribe medication like nitroglycerin and blood thinners to try and open the clogged arteries. Surgical repair and lung re inflation may also be conducted for relevant cases. Antacids may also be prescribed for reflux relief.
DID YOU KNOW?
Other common causes of chest pain are asthma, anxiety attacks and acid reflux
When suffering from chest pain, the first things that comes to your mind is a possible heart attack or heart failure. But, the above reasons are not the only causes of chest pain. You may suffer from chest pain because of various other cardiovascular disease or certain problems in the ribs, oesophagus and even nerves. Some conditions that result in chest pain are likely to be extremely serious and should be treated immediately, while others are less severe and get easily cured with over-the-counter medicines.
Here are few examples of certain cardiovascular diseases that lead to chest pain-
1. Angina- A very dull chest pain occurs when the coronary arteries (which supply blood to the heart) become narrow. This condition is called Angina. When the arteries become narrow they obstruct the blood flow, as a result the heart tends to dysfunction. Narrowing of the arteries generally occurs because of accumulation of fat or plaque. One tends to face some relief from angina pain when they get some rest.
2. Heart attack- Heart attack or myocardial infraction, is a condition in which a blood clot (in the coronary artery) stops the supply of blood to the heart. Some common heart attack symptoms are an intense pain in the chest region, which slowly spreads across the left and right arms and even the jaw.
3. Ischemic heart disease- This condition occurs because of a blood clot that restricts the flow of blood, from the heart to the brain. As a result it can lead to an ischemic stroke. Ischemic heart disease can result in very severe complications and restrict certain regular body activities too. Chest pain is one of the symptoms of this condition.
4. Heart failure- Heart failure or congestive heart failure is known to be a cardiovascular disease, which occurs because the heart cannot pump blood efficiently to all the body parts and organs.
Other common causes of chest pain are-
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - This condition can result in either acid reflux and oesophagitis or both. One of the most common symptoms of GERD is heartburn. You may also feel stomach pain or lower abdominal pain due to GERD. This condition can also cause an uncomfortable burning feeling in the stomach. One may even feel bloated and experience a foul taste in the mouth.
Anxiety- Surprisingly, research conducted has revealed that sever anxiety can also lead to the onset of heart conditions, resulting in chest pain. This is known as Da Costa’s syndrome.
In case of chest pain you should consult a doctor as soon as possible, to avoid any further complications.
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