Acute Myeloid Leukaemia is usually cancer found in the Myeloid lining of the blood. This disease begins in the bone marrow when the cells of the bone marrow do not grow in an appropriate or normal manner. It can spread to the blood, spleen and other organs of the body like the Lymph Nodes, if not treated on time. Fatigue, persistent fever, weight loss due to appetite loss, are common symptoms of this condition.
HOW IS ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The various tests to determine AML include: • Physical exam and history • Complete blood count (CBC) • Peripheral blood smear • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy • Cytogenetic analysis • Immunophenotyping • Reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction test (RT–PCR)
HOW IS ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA TREATED?
First line treatment consists of chemotherapy, which is phased out as induction and post-induction therapy. Radiation therapy is used to destroy cancer cells. Bone marrow transplant is another line of treatment that replaces bone forming cells.
DID YOU KNOW?
24% is the survival rates of Leukemia and treatment continues after remission. Patients should stay away from smoking as the chemicals might worsen the condition further.