Any inflammation and pain in the lower leg are termed as Shin Split. The pain is often severe and persistent. If remedial measures are not adopted, soon, the condition may deteriorate to develop serious complications. The pain is caused when the muscles in the leg are torn away from the bones. Runners and athletes regularly fall prey to shin pain. It may result from a sudden extreme episode of physical activity like running or climbing stairs. Sometimes, the muscles and bone tissue of the leg may develop a micro tear due to exertion or injury resulting in Shin Pain. Established treatments for Shin pains include rest and ice packs. Regulated exercise with a trained physiotherapist is advised to relieve the pain and swelling. Traditionally, the affected limb was wrapped with an elastic bandage from the feet to mid-calf to provide compression to sore muscles. Anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers can be taken to counter the symptoms. Shin split treatments are based on the principle of providing rest to the strained muscles. With proper care, the tissue structure and the bones heal themselves. Neoprene sleeves available in the market can be used to provide extraneous support to the fatigued muscles. The doctor may employ orthotics to treat individuals with a flat foot or high arches and also for shin split relief. Orthotics reduces the stress on leg muscles by improving foot alignment. Due to lack of proper medical care, shin split may become chronic, the symptoms may subside periodically, only to return. It is essential to follow the treatment procedure strictly and adopt precautions to avoid relapses
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