Swelling is basically a kind of inflammation in the body, which can be either painful or painless. In some cases, the patient would experience swelling due to internal or external injuries or complications. Common symptoms here include swelling of particular body parts like nodes or even internal organs. In others, it could be just swelling of the muscles and tissues.
HOW IS SWELLING DIAGNOSED?
First, doctor will go over the symptoms you are experiencing and perform a physical examination to check for tenderness in the affected area.
An imaging test, such as an ultrasound, can offer more information about the cause of the swelling. Or more specialized tests, such as a CT scan or MRI, may also provide information on the cause of the swelling.
Imaging tests might reveal blockages in your arteries and veins, inflamed muscle or tissue, or bone fractures. They can also show if you are retaining fluid or have an impacted colon. And your blood and urine will be tested to determine if a disease is causing the swelling.
If a severe allergic reaction is causing your swelling, you will be given an injection of adrenaline before any tests are administered. This medication will stop the reaction from getting any worse.
HOW IS SWELLING TREATED?
Treatment depends on the cause of the swelling. If a tumor or abscess is causing the swelling, you may need surgery to remove it. If the growth can’t be surgically removed because of its size or location, your doctor may order an aggressive treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation, to shrink it.Doctor might also prescribe medication to relieve inflammation or swelling. Over-the-counter antihistamines can relieve itching and swelling caused by rashes or hives. Topical steroid medication may also be useful in easing skin inflammation. Consult with your doctor if these medications don't help. You doctor may be able to prescribe a stronger antihistamine.
DID YOU KNOW?
Usually swelling subsides in a matter of a week or two, but in case it doesn’t it is best to consult a doctor and have the area checked.