Plague is a disease caused due to rodents, usually their fleas. There are broadly 2 types of this disease, pneumonic and bubonic. It’s an infectious disease and can be transmitted by breathing the air around already affected by the Y.Pestis bacterium. It directly affects the lungs. In pneumonic plague, the affected person experiences fever, general weakness and a quick setting in of pneumonia. Some persons may feel nausea, to vomiting and experience abdominal pain as well.
HOW IS PLAGUE DIAGNOSED?
If a general physician suspects plague you might be advised a blood test to check for the bacteria in your body. A blood test can reveal if you have septicemia plague. To check for bubonic plague, your doctor will use a needle to take a sample of the fluid in your swollen lymph nodes. To check for pneumonic plague, fluid will be extracted from your airways by a tube that is inserted down your nose or mouth and down your throat. This is called an endoscopy. The samples will be sent to a laboratory for analysis. Preliminary results may be ready in just two hours, but confirmatory testing takes 24 to 48 hours. Often, if the plague is suspected, your doctor will begin treatment with antibiotics before the diagnosis is confirmed. This is because the plague progresses rapidly and being treated early can make a big difference in your recovery.
HOW IS PLAGUE TREATED?
The treatment of Plague usually involves strong antibiotics and often, breathing support. People suffering from Plague must be isolated
DID YOU KNOW?
Outbreak of plague can turn into an epidemic and hence it is vital to get vaccinated for the same if you live in a high-risk zone.