Nephrology in medicine is the study of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of any type of diseases that affects or are related to the kidneys. It is known to be a sub-speciality of internal medicine. A nephrologist is a doctor, who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that are related to the kidneys, which are essential organs of the body, responsible for effective fluid and electrolyte stability. A nephrologist is essentially trained to deal with various systemic disorders that affect the working of the kidneys, but their symptoms are not essentially limited to the kidneys only. Therefore, these conditions require special type of treatment and care. Some examples include, autoimmune conditions like lupus and genetic conditions like polycystic kidney disease. A nephrologist essentially manages various kidney diseases, through the regulation of blood pressure, electrolyte and fluid balance in the body, while also administrating dialysis. The diagnosis of diseases that affect the kidneys generally involve a number of blood tests and urine tests, to determine the extent of the damage to the kidneys. On many occasions kidney biopsies are also conducted by nephrologists to diagnose and determine the root cause of the condition. Some common condition that nephrologists are known to treat are fluid and electrolyte related disorders, acid-base disorders, kidney stones, glomerular diseases, mineral metabolism, acute kidney diseases, acute renal failure, chronic kidney diseases, chronic renal failure and highly advanced renal diseases and related dialysis. Thus, they are well acquainted with relevant medicines and clinical management when it comes to such disorders. Lybrate offers you easy access to nephrologists in Masab Tank, Hyderabad. Nephrologists at Lybrate not only offer effective diagnoses to your kidney related problems, but also ensure proper care and treatment, enlightening you with the best possible way to deal with the condition at Masab Tank, Hyderabad. The best nephrologists at lybrate in Masab Tank, Hyderabad are listed above.
The pediatric study of the kidneys, which includes analysis and treatment of renal disorders is nephrology and its practitioner is referred to as a nephrologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist can be consulted by a patient who suffers from a chronic kidney disease.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist performs operations like kidney transplant and removal of kidney stones.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE NEPHROLOGIST FOR
A nephrologist can help in treating blood disorders to a certain extent.
DID YOU KNOW?
The kidney filters and distributes 99.9% of the total blood and the rest 0.01% is turned into urine.
4 Types of Kidney Stones and Their Common Symptoms
Defined as hard and small mineral deposits that develop inside your kidney, kidney stones are made up of acid salts and minerals. The causes of this disease are not well-defined, although risk factors include drinking very little amounts of water and having a diet rich in sodium, protein and oxalate (chocolate and green leafy foods for example). However, knowing the type of kidney stone you suffer from can help ascertain the cause. Here are the common types of kidney stones. Struvite stones This type of kidney stone is usually a response to certain kind of infection, such as a urinary tract infection for example. Characterised by rapid growth and a large size, struvite stones can develop without any warning signs. Calcium stones These are the most common type and are caused by a diet rich in oxalate. Risk factors for calcium stones include a diet consisting of plenty of nuts, chocolates and certain fruits and vegetables; metabolic disorders, high doses of vitamin d and intestinal bypass surgery, all of which can increase the amounts of calcium or oxalate in your urine, indicating the development of kidney stones. Cystine stones Those individuals with a hereditary disorder that causes their kidneys to produce certain amino acids (cystinuria to be precise) in excess are most likely to get cystine stones. Uric acid stones These are common in those whose diets are lacking in water or those who suffer from the excess fluid loss. People with a high protein diet and those who suffer from gout are also at risk. Genetic factors play a major role as well in increasing your risk of getting uric acid stones. Apart from these, there are other rarer types of kidney stones that can also arise depending on a combination of an individual's lifestyle and genetic make-up. However, to determine whether you're suffering from any of the aforementioned types of kidney stones, you must first know its common symptoms, which are: excruciating pain in your sides, and back, especially below your ribs feelings of pain in the groin and the lower parts of your abdomen intense and fluctuating pain that comes and goes in waves pain while urinating urine that is red, brown or pink in colour urine that's cloudy or has a foul odour vomiting and nausea constant urge to urinate increased frequency of urination urinating in small amounts chills and fever in case of an infection.