Paramyotonia congenita is a disorder that affects skeletal muscles used for movement.It causes problems with the tone and contraction of skeletal muscles.People with this condition experience bouts of sustained muscle tensing which prevent muscles from relaxing normally. Myotonia causes muscle stiffness that typically appears after exercise and can be induced by muscle cooling. This stiffness chiefly affects muscles in the face, neck, arms, and hands, although it can also affect muscles used for breathing and muscles in the lower body.
HOW IS PARAMYOTONIA CONGENITA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done with the help of blood tests as well as X rays and other imaging tests like an MRI scan. Also, a fine needle test known as an electromyographic may be used in order to insert needles into the muscle and find the quality of its electric signals.
HOW IS PARAMYOTONIA CONGENITA TREATED?
Mexiletine has been found to be successful for treatment for muscle stiffness while some have found acetazolamide to be helpful as well. Avoidance of myotonia triggering events is also effective method of myotonia prevention.
DID YOU KNOW?
It has been seen that certain kinds of foods, especially watermelons and carrots are known to induce the symptoms of PC while other cases are linked with genetics.