Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a condition caused by infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This virus primarily affects the immune system, especially the CD4 cells, which protect the body from illness. While no two people will have the same symptoms of HIV, the most common type of HIV symptoms are acute illness, advanced infection, sore throat, ulcers in the mouth, night sweats and fatigue.
HOW IS HIV AIDS DIAGNOSED?
While there is no cure for HIV, it is advised to visit a Sexologist, General Physician or Ayurvedic Doctor to seek its diagnosis. HIV treatment can slow down the progression of the disease and its treatment will protect the immune system from getting severely damaged.
HOW IS HIV AIDS TREATED?
There is no actual treatment for aids. There is actually a way to simply control the same to a great extent by having a cocktail of medicines that are known for boosting your immunity functions.
DID YOU KNOW?
While AIDS is the last stage of an HIV infection, it is life threatening.
First clinically observed in United States of America in 1981, human immunodeficiency virus or HIV was initially thought to be only affecting the immune systems of gay men. Closely related to it and the last stage of the condition is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS.
The stigma of AIDS still exists around the world where those affected by it face severe ostracism, discrimination and rejection from society. Fear of violence and stigma is what prevents many from getting tested for HIV or going ahead with treatment. In several countries this stigma is closely related with homophobic attitudes. Despite this misconception, HIV actually spreads because of unprotected heterosexual sex, infected needles and blood, and during pregnancy from the infected mother to the unborn child.
Infected people don’t develop symptoms at the very outset, and there have been instances where people haven’t felt symptoms for almost ten years since the infection. Once you are infected with HIV, you have it for life since the body is unable to expel the reproducing virus. There is no official cure for it, but it can be controlled and monitored via anti-retroviral therapy or ART. It has seen a lot of success by extending the life expectancies of many. HIV progresses through three stages:
• Acute HIV infection: This stage sees the body responding naturally to the influx of the virus with flu like symptoms. It lasts for about two to four weeks and is highly infectious.
• Clinical latency or dormant stage: At this stage, the virus is less active on the reproduction front, as a result of which, patients do not experience any symptoms.
• AIDS: This is the last stage of HIV when due to no intervention via the ART therapy, the body’s immune system has completely broken down and is totally susceptible to severe infections. They lose a lot of weight, suffer from swollen glands, weakness, fatigue, chills, fever, etc. Those suffering from AIDS have low life expectancies.
It has been seen that those who are on the ART therapy are far less able to transmit the infection due to low levels of the virus in their bloodstream, than those whose condition lies undetected or untreated.
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