Fever is basically an increase in the body temperature above 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Fever is an autoimmune response to any foreign invader in the body including virus, bacteria, fungi, drugs or any toxins. In adults, fever is not considered significant unless it is consistently over 100.4 degrees F. in children younger than 3 months old, it is important to seek medical attention immediately but that might not apply to older kids or adults. Sweating with chills may be other symptoms along with arise in body temperature.
HOW IS FEVER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosing a fever is simple with a digital thermometer.
HOW IS FEVER TREATED?
Generally, if the fever does not cause discomfort, the fever itself need not be treated. It is not necessary to awaken an adult or child to treat a fever unless instructed to do so by a doctor.
The following fever-reducing medications may be used at home:
Other home remedies for fever include staying hydrated. Drink plenty of water, and avoid alcohol or caffeinated beverages, which can contribute to dehydration.
DID YOU KNOW?
While fever may cause a slight amount of discomfort, it is considered to be beneficial for the body as it is a way of the body fighting of infections. Fever can best be treated with some good rest and a few doses of paracetamols.
Fever as we understand from the word, is as we all know a condition wherein our body feels warmer than usual. Our body does not feel fit and we feel we need to slow down and rest for a while.
Our normal body temperature does vary and is quite affected by different factors such as exercising, certain food we eat or sleeping at specific times of the day. The temperature of our body is generally at its highest at about six in the evening and lowest in the wee hours of the morning like three am.
We measure the body temperature by inserting a thermometer in the mouth, and if inserted in the armpits, the resultant temperature needs to decrease by .02 or .03 degrees centigrade.
Fever is generally caused by either a viral infection or a bacterial infection and our body temperatures automatically rise, to combat this infection. In short, our immune system gets down to working hard to resolve the infection.
Other causes of fever include:
• Throat infection
• Common cold
• Heat stroke
• Amphetamine abuse and alcohol withdrawal
Symptoms of viral fever include – head aches, body aches, cold, running nose, sneezing, feeling uneasy, sleepiness or rashes. You may feel like vomiting often, and the temperature does not go down after a day or two, even after normal Paracetamol tablets are administered.
A viral fever can be diagnosed when the fever is followed by a cold and when blood work confirms the same. Remedies for when you have a viral fever:
• You should take sufficient rest and intake warm food that is soothing like soups and broths.
• Visit a doctor if the fever persists for more than a day
• Antipyretics are fever medicines that should be taken under medical guidance only.
• Analgesics or antibiotics will not work in case it is a viral fever. Antibiotics will take of the fever if caused by bacterial infection, thus they cannot kill the virus. If taken, it will only cause a disturbed stomach.
Thus a person who has been infected with a viral fever should not have much contact with people around him or her, so that the infection does not spread. The ones looking after a viral patient should also maintain hygiene by washing hands with warm soap and water. The patient on the other hand, should maintain a strict personal hygiene till the viral fever goes away.
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