A pediatrician is a doctor that oversees the health of your baby right from his/her birth to about 21 years of age. Such a doctor looks after the well-being of the child whether it is physical, mental or behavioral health. There is a certain level of guardianship or responsibility involved in this discipline as children unlike adults, are incapable of making informed medical decisions. This is what sets pediatrics apart from adult medicine. It is important that we understand the difference between a general physician attending to your baby and the work done by a pediatrician. Pediatricians are specially trained to look after the needs of infants, which helps them to recognise and treat any childhood illnesses. They provide all guidance that is necessary for young parents to take decisions for their children.
Most pediatrics continue to provide primary care to their patients, but there are several pediatrics who continue their work in subspecialties. Subspecialties of pediatrics include neonatology, social pediatrics, adolescent medicine, etc.
The first years of the baby is marked by several physical exams done by the pediatrician in order to locate any developmental defects, if at all. They also help to chalk out and guide you about your child’s nutritional, fitness and safety needs.
Once you’ve received news of a little bundle of joy arriving, you need to fix up a pediatrician, and Lybrate helps you to do so. We help you to connect with the best pediatricians in Kangayapuram, Chennai and make sure that your baby is in safe and competent hands.
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A doctor who is trained to identify diseases and prescribe medication for children.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT PEDIATRICIAN?
Diseases like asthma, cerebral palsy, down syndrome in a child are few of the problems treated by a pediatrician.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF PEDIATRICIAN?
A pediatrician is a doctor who is trained to manage a child's physical, mental and behavioral health from birth to the age of 21.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE PEDIATRICIAN FOR
A pediatrician is capable of determining nutritional requirements and recommending a diet course.
DID YOU KNOW?
A person on an average has to do undergo 11 years of medical schooling to be a certified pediatrician.
4 Common Diseases that Babies are Susceptible To
Infants often suffer from certain diseases which need proper care and timely treatment for quick recovery. At times, it can be difficult to communicate with an infant and understand his/her needs and problems but with a close observation you will surely be able to detect any alteration in the baby's behavior and sense it when he/she is ill. Here are some of the most common diseases infants are susceptible to and what you can do about them. 1. Abdominal distension It is normal for a baby's belly to stick out after he/she has been fed, but if between feedings there is swelling in the abdomen or it feels hard, it can be an indication of a problem. If this symptom is accompanied by vomiting and absence of bowel movements for more than two days, your baby may be suffering from abdominal distention. This condition may have been caused by swallowing of extra air by the baby while crying or feeding. In such a situation, a pediatrician should be consulted for proper diagnosis and treatment. 2. Jaundice It is common among newborns to develop mild forms of jaundice as the undeveloped liver is often not able to eliminate the chemical bilirubin from the blood. Mostly, this situation proves to be harmless till the level of bilirubin reaches a certain limit. After that, the disease must be properly treated to avoid damage to the baby's brain or nervous system. 3. Rsv infection Rsv or respiratory syncytial virus is responsible for causing respiratory problems among infants. Rsv infection usually affects the bronchial passage and shows symptoms like cough, runny nose and mild fever which may even lead to bronchitis. Moreover, this infection may also develop into viral pneumonia, which makes it more important to consult a pediatrician if your baby shows any of the above symptoms. 4. Diarrhea Infants are susceptible to watery bowel movements due to the action of virus, allergens, specific medications or bacteria. If you observe that your baby is passing stools more often than usual and it is watery, then it may be a case of diarrhea. Sometimes, these symptoms are accompanied by high fever, abdominal pain, lethargy, vomiting, dry eyes and mouth etc. In this situation you should consult your pediatrician and focus on replacing the fluids your baby has lost, to prevent dehydration.