Kidney stones are not exactly stones, but hard deposits that are composed of minerals such as calcium or uric acid. These deposits start accumulating and over time enlarge to form obstructions within the urinary tract. Most kidney stones pass out on their own with little or no medication required, but in some cases, they have to be taken out through surgery. Let us now look at the surgery options available for the removal of kidney stones and why they are needed.
Need for surgery:
You might have to opt for a surgical procedure if you are in a lot of pain and if the stone is very large and cannot pass out on its own. Surgery will also be advised if the stone blocks the urinary tract hampering the free flow of urine. There are four types of surgical procedures that can be done for kidney stones.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy
This is the most common procedure that is performed for the removal of a kidney stone. It works best for small or medium stones. It is noninvasive - there are no cuts or scars made in your skin. In this procedure, the doctor after identifying the exact location of the stone sends out shock waves aimed at your kidneys. This dislodges the stone and breaks it into small pieces. This is a painless procedure, and no hospitalization is needed. You might have blood in the urine for a few days after the procedure, but it is considered normal and heals on its own. Check with your doctor in case you experience any complications
This procedure is recommended to treat stones in the kidneys and ureters. A thin, flexible scope is used to find and remove the stones. There are no cuts made, and you will be under anesthesia throughout the procedure. A thin scope is passed through your bladder and ureter to reach the kidney. Once the exact location of the stone is reached, the doctor uses a small basket to scoop out the stone. In case the stone is big, a laser is used to break the stones. This is procedure too does not require a hospital stay. Recovery time is short and you can get back to normal activities soon.