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Polycystic ovary disorder (PCOD)

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Shaivalini Kamarapu 91% (308 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, FMAS.Laparoscopy, Cosmetic Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad  •  8 years experience
Polycystic ovary disorder (PCOD)

PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Disorder) is an issue in which a woman’s hormones are out of control. It can bring about issues with your periods and make it hard to get pregnant. PCOD or PCOS additionally may bring about undesirable changes in the way you look. In case that it is not dealt with, after some time it can cause serious medical issues, for example, diabetes and heart diseases. In PCOD, the hormones change rapidly.

The reason for PCOD is not completely seen, but rather hereditary qualities might be a reason. PCOD appears to keep running in families, so your possibility of having it is higher if other women in your family have it or have diabetes. PCOD can be passed down from either of your families’ side.

The most widely recognized clinical features are:

  1. Skin inflammation.
  2. Weight gain and problem getting thinner.
  3. Additional hair on the face and body. Frequently women get thicker and darker facial hair and more hair on the abdomen, stomach, and back.
  4. Diminishing hair on the scalp.
  5. Unpredictable periods. Frequently women with PCOD have less than nine periods a year. A few women have no periods. Others go through extreme bleeding.
  6. Infertility issues. Many women who have PCOD experience difficulty getting pregnant.

Some of the most effective and long-term treatments include:

  1. Normal work out and weight control are the key medicines for PCOD. Treatment can lessen uncontrollable symptoms and stop the long-term medical issues that come along with it.
  2. Try to fit in moderate movements and additionally outdoor activities regularly. Taking a walk is a great exercise that a great many people can do.
  3. Eating healthy foods is very important. This includes heaps of vegetables, nuts, beans, and whole grains. It limits foods that are high in soaked fat, for example, meats and cheeses.
  4. Most women who have PCOD can benefit by shedding pounds. This can mean losing the hormones that are uncontrollable and having regular periods.
  5. In case that you smoke, consider stopping. Women who smoke have higher androgen levels that may add to PCOD symptoms.
  6. Your specialist may recommend anti-conception medication pills to decrease side effects and help you have consistent menstrual cycles or infertility medication in the case that you are experiencing difficulty getting pregnant.
  7. Aerobic exercises, jogging, walking for 1 hr. daily to be added.

It is important to consult a specialist for the follow-up to ensure that treatment is working and to change it if necessary. You may likewise require normal tests to check for diabetes, hypertension, and other conceivable issues. It might take a while for medicines to help with the symptoms, for example, facial hair or skin break out. You can use over-the-counter or physician endorsed pharmaceuticals for skin break out.

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