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Piles - How Efficient Is Surgery In It?

Reviewed by
Dr. Dharmesh Panchal 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS General Surgery
General Surgeon, Mumbai  •  27 years experience
Piles - How Efficient Is Surgery In It?

Many people suffer from hemorrhoids or piles at some point in their life. This condition affects the rectum. It is rarely dangerous but it can be extremely painful. Hemorrhoids can be described as swollen veins in the walls of the lowest section of the rectum and anus. This is the most common cause of rectal bleeding. This may also be a symptom of rectal or colon cancer and hence should never be ignored. A doctor must be consulted if the rectal pain lasts longer than a week or if there is severe swelling and pain around the anus. Hemorrhoids can be treated in a number of different ways but the best form of treatment is surgery.

The procedure to remove hemorrhoids completely is known as a hemorrhoidectomy. A hemorrhoidectomy can be used to treat internal and external piles. This surgery aims at relieving the pain, bleeding, discharge and itchiness caused by piles by cutting away the hemorrhoids. A hemorrhoidectomy is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia. The doctor will begin by making one or many incisions around the anus. The hemorrhoids are them cut off and the incisions are closed. In some cases, the patient may need to stay overnight in the hospital but in most cases, he or she can go back home on the same day. Recovering from a hemorrhoidectomy can take 2-3 weeks.

One of the biggest advantages of surgery to treat this condition is the permanent removal of the swollen blood vessels. This makes passing stool painless and also relieve all the other associated symptoms. Thus, the patient will not have to deal with hemorrhoids on a daily basis. Surgery can be used to treat small or large hemorrhoids. Thus, when all other modes of treatment fail, surgery is often the last resort. As compared to other forms of treating hemorrhoids, only surgery offers long-term results. In 95% of cases, piles do not recur once surgically removed.

However, to ensure this, the patient must follow aftercare instructions and make a few lifestyle changes. For example, it is essential to have a well-balanced diet with plenty of fibre to prevent piles. The patient must also drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day to ensure that undigested waste can pass through the digestive system smoothly and that stools are soft. Exercise is also very important for the prevention of piles.

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