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Labyrinthitis - All You Need To Know About It!

Written and reviewed by
Dr.S M Tarique 87% (39ratings)
Ali Yavar Jung National Institute Of Speech And Hearing Disabilities Kolkata, PhD - Public Health
Audiologist, Delhi  •  9years experience
Labyrinthitis - All You Need To Know About It!

Labyrinthitis is a very common disease related to audiology in which the person suffers from an inner ear medical disorder. The two vestibular nerves present inside the inner portion of the ears send information to the brain about spatial navigation and also balance control. Now, when any of these two nerves become inflamed due to some reason, it causes Labyrinthitis.

The symptoms of this disorder are easily identifiable and the person is treated generally based on the kind of symptoms he or she is experiencing.

Symptoms: 

Even though the symptoms may disappear after a few days, a chronic Labyrinthitis will continue to affect after that as well.

  • Dizziness can be experienced throughout the day
  • Vertigo or fear of heights can affect the person.
  • Loss of balance because of the inflammation.
  • Nausea and vomiting due to dizziness.
  • Tinnitus or a ringing sensation in the ears.

These are the symptoms Labyrinthitis and sometimes if these are not treated well, then it can lead to permanent hearing loss.

Causes

  • Illnesses like bronchitis can cause Labyrinthitis.
  • Different viral infections affecting the inner ear
  • Infection or virus attack in the stomach
  • Herpes caused by Human alphaherpesvirus
  • Bacterial middle ear infections

So if you are suffering from any of these medical problems then you must visit an audiologist immediately and treat the condition in a proper manner.

Diagnosis And Treatment 

The doctor will conduct different physical examination and other tests which will help him or her to detect the real problem. Hearing tests, blood tests, a CT or MRI scan of the head and even electroencephalogram can be used to diagnose the patient. Once the real cause of the disease gets traced, the doctor will prescribe medication accordingly.

Here are some of the best treatment of this disease: 

  • Antihistamines, such as desloratadine or Clarinex will be prescribed.
  • Medications which will effectively reduce dizziness and nausea are also given to get relief from the most common symptoms.
  • Sedatives, such as diazepam if the patient is unable to sleep properly.
  • Easily available antihistamines like fexofenadine (Allegra), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), or loratadine (Claritin).

Apart from treating yourself with different medication here are some important actions you can perform to get relief from symptoms which might affect you:

  • Avoid rapid or quick changes in position and postures.
  • Sit very still and don't move during a vertigo attack.
  • Get up clamly and steadily from a lying down or seated position instead of a sudden movement.
  • Avoid bright television, computer screens, and flashing lights during a potential vertigo attack.

So, here are the different information which you must know about Labyrinthitis and we hope this article will help you to get the best treatment and recovery.

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