I am Dr. Neha Jain. I am a consultant gynecologist and obstetrician and also infertility specialist.
I have done my MBBS and post graduation from Lady Hardinge Medical College, currently, I am running my own clinic with the name Dr. Jain's bliss and bless women's health clinic and Dr. Jains Pathlab in Mehrauli. I am also associated with a visiting consultant with Hospitals like Fortis Hospital and Adiva Hospital.
Today I would like to talk about PCOD that is Polycystic ovarian disease as such the incidence of PCOD reported worldwide is something around 7 to 22% but in our day to day, a clinical practice we see one out of every 2 patient is suffering from diseases. Now first I would like to talk about the symptoms of PCOS, the commonest symptom of PCOS is menstrual irregularities that are there will be daily cycles, short cycles or frequent cycle these all are signs of anovulation. The next symptoms are the signs and symptoms of hyperandrogenism, androgen is like male hormones and here we will see that the patient may have hirsutism that is excessive hair growth or male pattern baldness or acne. If you go to your doctor then your doctor will suggest you some test and on these tests, you may get reports like access free testosterone levels or free androgen index is high. Then the third symptoms is of polycystic ovaries on ultrasound, if one is having polycystic ovaries on Ultrasound that does not mean that the patient is suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, in fact in people with polycystic ovaries only about 20% have problem of PCOD, then your doctor with rule out other causes of hyperandrogenism that is hypothyroidism or hyperprolactinemia. Now PCOD is associated with mostly with obesity and the lifestyle issues, it is also seen in ladies with a family history of diabetes or metabolic syndromes. Now the foremost important thing is I would like to talk about is the treatment, of course, lifestyle modification is the first thing which we advise to our patients. In lifestyle changes patient need to do exercises and almost 30-40 minute exercises per day are recommended which have to be moderate-to-severe in nature. Then dietary changes need to be made, patients are advised to avoid fried food, fatty food, junk food than sweets, sugar, empty calories have to be avoided. Reduction in 5% of the weight can result in 50% improvement of your symptoms or chances of women to become pregnant. So that is the mainstay of treatment then next your doctor will suggest you some medication like metformin or combined oral contraceptive pills.
So, in short, that is what I wanted to talk about PCOD which is mainly a lifestyle problem and you need to improve your lifestyle in order to get rid of this disease.
In case of any problem or any such issue, you can come to my clinic or book an appointment via Lybrate. Thank you.