Hip replacement is a common surgical procedure that you may need if your hip has been damaged due to arthritis, a fracture, or other serious conditions. All of these can make common activities like walking or getting in and out of a chair very painful and difficult. If you are facing the same difficulties despite medications, changes in lifestyle and physiotherapy, it is time to go in for a hip replacement.
Causes of Hip Pain
The most common cause of long-term hip pain and disability is arthritis.
Hip replacement- How it’s done?
During standard hip replacement surgery, a patient is given general anesthesia. This is followed by a cut along the side of the hip after which the surgeon moves the muscles connected to the tip of the thighbone to expose the hip joint. Post this the ball portion of the hip joint is removed by sawing off the thigh bone. After this, the artificial joint is attached to the thighbone by using either cement or a special material. The surgeon then removes any damaged cartilage from the surface of the hipbone and attaches the replacement socket portion to the hip bone. Most hip replacement surgeries today are performed using the standard technique however; the minimally-invasive technique, is getting more and more popular. In this, the surgeon makes one to two cuts from 2 to 5 inches long and then carries out the same steps like in the standard hip replacement surgery. The patient may have to stay in hospital for 3-6 days post a hip replacement surgery and has to undergo long-term physiotherapy to attain normal use of the hip joint.
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