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Gastric Bypass Surgery - Who Can Go For It?

Written and reviewed by
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Mas, Diploma In Minimal Access Surgery, Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery, Fellowship In Robotic Surgery, FICS, F.I.A.G.E.S, FAMASI
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Chennai  •  31years experience
Gastric Bypass Surgery - Who Can Go For It?

Are you overweight and thinking about undergoing a weight loss surgery? If yes, then you can opt for a gastric bypass surgery in which certain changes are made to your digestive system. Due to these changes, the amount of food you consume gets limited and the absorption of nutrients also gets reduced. Hence, weight is lost due to a reduced appetite or stomach capacity. This surgery is undertaken by people who face severe health difficulties because of being overweight. Gastric bypass surgery is a very common form of weight loss surgery associated with fewer complications.

Why is it carried out?
A gastric bypass surgery is carried out to help you lose excess weight. This reduces the risk of several weight related health problems such as heart diseases, hypertension, severe sleep apnea, strokes, type 2 diabetes and gastroesophageal reflux disease. This surgery is undertaken when a person fails to lose weight after following several other methods.

Who is it for?
You can undergo a gastric bypass surgery only when your body mass index or BMI is 40 or higher, or when your BMI is between 35 to 39.9 and you also have a severe condition such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure. This surgery is not for all people who are overweight and several criteria have to be fulfilled before deciding on getting a gastric bypass surgery.

This surgery has to be carried out at a hospital and the patient is given general anesthesia. The surgery depends on the individual situation of the patient and on the surgeon who will perform the surgery. Most bariatric or gastric bypass surgeries are carried out laparoscopically. A laparoscope, which is a small, tubular device with a camera attached to it, is inserted into the abdomen via small incisions. The camera allows the surgeon to see the inside your abdomen and perform the procedure. A laparoscopic surgery is efficient and the patient recovers faster than other modes of surgery. The surgery takes several hours to be successfully completed. The patient may have to stay at the hospital for five days.

Gastric bypass surgery or bariatric surgery provides long-term weight loss. The amount of weight that will be lost depends on the surgical procedure and the patient’s new lifestyle and habits. It is possible to lose more than 50% of the pre-surgery body weight within a span of two years. Along with weight loss, the surgery also improves and resolves various conditions related to obesity.

A gastric bypass surgery also improves a patient’s ability to undertake regular activities. This improves the quality of life and the patient gains confidence and self-esteem. A successful gastric bypass surgery can change your life. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can ask a free question.

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