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Last Updated: Jan 10, 2023

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Miscarriage

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Dr. Vandana WalvekarGynaecologist • 55 Years Exp.MD
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A miscarriage is generally characterized by the loss of a fetus before the passage of around one forty days of pregnancy. In medical terminology, a miscarriage is usually referred to as a spontaneous abortion, precisely because it happens spontaneously. According to studies, about 50% of all pregnancies end up in miscarriages and around 80% of miscarriages occur within the first three months of pregnancy. If they happen to occur after the passage of twenty weeks of gestation, they are normally termed as late miscarriages.

The most common cause of miscarriages is primarily due to the presence of some fatal or critical genetic problem in the unborn baby, which may or may not be in any way related to the mother. Apart from this, there is a host of other causes which are held responsible for miscarriages. These may include:

  1. Cervical insufficiency (weakness of the cervix)
  2. Infection
  3. Hormonal imbalances
  4. Physical problems in the mother
  5. Medical problems in the mother
  6. Immune system responses
  7. Uterine abnormalities

Here are a few indicators of a miscarriage:

  1. Bleeding (which can vary from light to heavy bleeding)
  2. Abdominal pain
  3. Weakness
  4. Severe cramps
  5. Fever
  6. Back pain


  1. Treatment of miscarriages normally involves three steps - a pelvic exam, an ultrasound test and blood tests to confirm whether or not it is a miscarriage.
  2. If the miscarriage is complete and yet the uterus is still not emptied of its contents, then it may be necessary for you to undergo a dilation and curettage operation.
  3. If you have gone through multiple miscarriages in the past, then the treatment will probably involve a pelvic ultrasound, a hysterosalpingogram or a hysteroscopy.

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