Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection that tends to affect the nervous system, causing muscle contractions, particularly in the neck and jaw muscles. This is the reason the condition is often referred to as lockjaw. The signs or symptoms tend to appear in about 10 days from the time the body is infected. The symptoms include spasms and stiffness in neck and jaw muscles, difficulty in swallowing, stiffness in abdominal muscles and painful body spasms that get triggered due to loud noise or physical touch.
HOW IS TETANUS DIAGNOSED?
Tetanus is diagnosed on basis of physical exam, medical and immunization history, and the signs and symptoms of muscle spasms, stiffness and pain. Laboratory tests generally aren't helpful for diagnosing tetanus.
HOW IS TETANUS TREATED?
As there's no cure for tetanus, treatment mainly consists of wound care, medications to ease symptoms and supportive care.Cleaning the wound is essential to preventing growth of tetanus spores. This involves removing dirt, foreign objects and dead tissue from the wound.Doctor may give a tetanus antitoxin, such as tetanus immune globulin.