Muscle cramps are when a muscle gets tight (contracts) without you trying to tighten it, and it does not relax. Cramps may involve all or part of one or more muscles.
The most commonly involved muscle groups are:
• Back of the lower leg/calf
• Back of the thigh (hamstrings)
• Front of the thigh (quadriceps)
Cramps in the feet, hands, arms, abdomen, and along the rib cage are also very common.
Muscle cramps are common and may be stopped by stretching the muscle. The cramping muscle may feel hard or bulging.
HOW IS MUSCLE CRAMPS DIAGNOSED?
Muscle cramps are mostly harmless and do not require a medical diagnosis or treatment. However, if the cramps are too severe, too frequent and last longer then it could indicate an underlying health condition. The general physician may conduct a blood test to check the levels of potassium and calcium in your blood, as well as your kidney and thyroid function tests to rule out any ailments. An electromyography is also sometimes recommended.
HOW IS MUSCLE CRAMPS TREATED?
muscle cramps can be treated with self-care measures. The doctor can show stretching exercises that can help reduce the chances of getting muscle cramps. Making sure one stays well-hydrated also can help. For recurrent cramps that disturbs the sleep, the doctor might prescribe a medication to relax the muscles.
DID YOU KNOW?
Muscle Cramps can be prevented by lowering the intake of food and drink that contains caffeine such as coffee and chocolate.