Hydrocephalus is the accumulation of fluid or cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. The symptoms of this disease varies depending upon the age of the patient. In babies and infants a large head or increase in the size of the head along with poor feeding, irritability and sleepiness are the signs of this disorder. Older children could have headaches, blurred or double vision, seizures and nausea. Adults could display signs of memory loss, impaired vision and loss of bladder control.
HOW IS HYDROCEPHALUS DIAGNOSED?
Hydrocephalus is diagnosed by a thorough examination of the head such as noting and comparing head circumference. MRI and CT scans would be used to create images of the brain to observe and study more closely.
HOW IS HYDROCEPHALUS TREATED?
This disease can be treated with surgery. A patient could either opt for the insertion of a shunt to drain the excess fluid or a ventriculostomy.