Rotavirus is an infection that causes diarrhea. Initial symptoms are a fever and vomiting, followed by three to seven days of watery diarrhea. The infection can cause abdominal pain as well.
HOW IS ROTAVIRUS DIAGNOSED?
The signs and symptoms of the patient and a physical examination can help a paediatrician make a diagnosis of this disease. An analysis of a stool sample of the patient can help to confirm this diagnosis.
HOW IS ROTAVIRUS TREATED?
There is no treatment for a rotavirus infection but the signs and symptoms subside within seven days. Preventing dehydration by drinking plenty of fluids and other oral rehydration fluids is crucial for patients. A vaccine to prevent this disorder is available.
DID YOU KNOW?
Before rotavirus vaccine, rotavirus disease was a common and serious health problem for children in the United States. Almost all children in the United States had at least one rotavirus infection before their 5th birthday. Every year before the vaccine was available:
• more than 400,000 young children had to see a doctor for illness caused by rotavirus,
• more than 200,000 had to go to the emergency room,
• 55,000 to 70,000 had to be hospitalized, and
• 20 to 60 died.