Amniocentesis is a procedure in which amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus for testing or treatment. Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds and protects a baby during pregnancy. This fluid contains fetal cells and various chemicals produced by the baby. Amniocentesis can be done for various reasons-
GENETIC TESTING: Genetic amniocentesis involves taking a sample of amniotic fluid and testing it for some conditions, such as Down syndrome.
FETAL LUNG TESTING: Fetal lung maturity testing involves taking a sample of amniotic fluid and testing it to determine whether the baby's lungs are mature enough for birth
DIAGNOSIS OF FETAL INFECTION: Occasionally, amniocentesis is used to evaluate a baby for infection. The procedure also can be done to evaluate the severity of anaemia in babies who have Rh sensitization, an uncommon condition in which a mother's immune system produces antibodies against a specific protein on the surface of the baby's blood cells.
TREATMENT: If you accumulate too much amniotic fluid during pregnancy, amniocentesis might be done to drain excess amniotic fluid from your uterus.
Think should be kept in mind that genetic amniocentesis is typically offered when the test results might have a significant impact on management of the pregnancy. If you're having amniocentesis done before week 20 of pregnancy, it might be helpful to have your bladder full during the procedure to support the uterus. If you are having 20 weeks of pregnancy, your bladder should be empty during amniocentesis to minimize the chance of puncture. After the amniocentesis, the doctor will continue using the ultrasound to monitor your baby's heart rate.
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